LONDON.- Tate Modern
presents the UKs first major Pierre Bonnard exhibition in 20 years, showing the work of this innovative and much-loved French painter in a new light. The exhibition brings together around 100 of his greatest works from museums and private collections around the world. It reveals how Bonnards intense colours and modern compositions transformed painting in the first half of the 20th century, and celebrates his unparalleled ability to capture fleeting moments, memories and emotions on canvas.
Spanning four decades from the emergence of Bonnards unique style in 1912 to his death in 1947, this exhibition shows how the artist constructed his vibrant landscapes and intimate domestic scenes from memory. At once sensuous and melancholy, these paintings express moments lost in time the view from a window, a stolen look at a lover, or an empty room at the end of a meal. These motifs can be seen in breakthrough works like Dining Room in the Country 1913 (Minneapolis Institute of Art) in which he brought interior and exterior spaces together to create a vibrant atmosphere, while the bright colours of works like The Lane at Vernonnet 1912-14 (Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh) exemplify how his joyful palette could still evoke the poignancy of a moment gone forever.
The exhibition emphasises Bonnard as a 20th century artist who like his friend and contemporary Henri Matisse had a profound impact on painting and became an influential figure for later artists like Mark Rothko and Patrick Heron. Bonnard is repositioned as a man engaged with the world around him, revealing overlooked areas of his activities from his frequent travels around France to his response to the First and Second World Wars. Alert to his surroundings, he developed unconventional compositions in his paintings of everyday life: his landscapes collapsed into layers of dense foliage, such as Summer 1917 (Fondation Maeght), and street scenes, as in Piazza del Popolo, Rome 1922 (private collection), were simplified into friezes. Perhaps most famously, his interior scenes like Coffee 1915 (Tate) and Nude in an interior c.1935 (National Gallery of Art, Washington) caught domestic life at uncanny moments and reframed them from snatched points of view.
A variety of these domestic scenes mark out Bonnards career, often showing figures in quiet contemplation, apparently oblivious to the viewers gaze. The artists wife Marthe de Méligny was a continual subject in these images. She suffered from various illnesses throughout her life and treated these with what was then called hydrotherapy through repeated bathing. Bonnards paintings of her bathing, drying and dressing, are among his most iconic works. They form key markers in his development as an artist, as his partners withdrawal from the outside world becomes a shared psychological story captured in paint.
Bonnards process of reimagining through memory also allowed his paintings to become more abstract. This is already evident in the bands of contrasting colour in works like The Violet Fence 1922 (Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh) but reaches a high-point in the vivid Studio with Mimosa 1939-46 (Centre Pompidou, Paris). The exhibition concludes with a group of stunning works created in his later life, such as The Garden 1936 (Musée d'Art moderne de la Ville de Paris) while spending the Second World War in Le Cannet living with scarce resources and the anxiety of invasion. These panoramic views and vibrant garden scenes show the artist looking back on a lifetime of memories and working on the brink of abstraction.
The C C Land Exhibition: Pierre Bonnard: The Colour of Memory is curated at Tate Modern by Matthew Gale, Head of Displays, with Helen OMalley and Juliette Rizzi, Assistant Curators. The exhibition is organised by Tate Modern in collaboration with Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen and Bank Austria Kunstforum Wien.