Capturing the ebullience, idealism and confidence of the European modern masters in the late 19th century and early years of the 20th century among them Monet, Cézanne, Matisse, Picasso and Gauguin, and their equally celebrated Russian contemporaries Kandinsky and Malevich are 65 paintings on view at the Art Gallery of New South Wales
from the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg.
Significant works in the exhibition include Monets Poppy field c1890; Cézannes Great pine near Aix, 1895/97; Picassos Table in a Cafe, 1912; Gauguins Month of Mary 1899; Matisses Nymph and Satyr 1908; Kandinskys Landscape near Dünaberg 1913 and Malevichs Black Square c.1932, all of which are from the Hermitages illustrious modern collection, now housed in the renovated General Staff Building across Palace Square from the Winter Palace, one of the most famous architectural monuments in St Petersburg.
The Hermitage State Art Museum director, Professor Mikhail Piotrovsky, said every Hermitage exhibition has charm and meaning which lie in that it says as much about the museum overall as it does about the particular slice of cultural history that is its subject.
The Hermitage continues to create its own map of modern art, art which is in fact an inseparable part of its tradition, part of its DNA. And there is nothing unusual in us having a collection of modern art. For was not contemporary art collected by Catherine the Great, by Nicholas the First and by Alexander the Third? Piotrovsky said.
Art Gallery of New South Wales director, Dr Michael Brand, a member of the International Advisory Board of the State Hermitage Museum since 2009, said the Gallery is honoured to be exhibiting 65 of the Hermitage Museums remarkable modern masters, exclusively in Sydney.
I thank my esteemed colleague, Professor Piotrovsky, and all our colleagues at the Hermitage for partnering with us to provide Australians, and visitors to Australia, the opportunity to experience the brilliant colour and form of the European and Russian modernists, Dr Brand said.
The ground-breaking work of the modern masters, as they freed themselves from tradition and imagined art and life in new ways, is relevant today as innovation, unrestricted creativity and fresh perspectives on life, politics and culture remain of interest to us all, Dr Brand said.
AGNSW senior curator of historical European art, Peter Raissis, said the work of the great agents of modernism in painting in the early 20th century represents one of the most striking progressive movements in the history of western art.
Raissis says the exhibition, developed and curated by the Hermitages Department of Western European Fine Art deputy director Dr Mikhail Dedinkin, and senior curator Dr Albert Kostenevich, explores the seismic shift from a realistic, imitative art based on the perceptual exploration of the external world, to a more subjectivist, abstract art concerned with inner worlds.
The artists represented in the exhibition discovered that painting had its own autonomous meaning that colour, line, shape, tone, spaciality, symmetry or asymmetry, and the urgency of pure expression could be themes in, and of, themselves, Raissis said.
Masters of modern art from the Hermitage also tells the story of the Russian collectors Sergey Shchukin and Ivan Morozov, both wealthy businessmen who first championed the ground-breaking works of the French modern masters, and brought their work together with great passion.
Shchukin, one of the most visionary art collectors of the 20th century, assembled a singular collection of the most radical French art of the day, opening his residence to the public so local art students, such as Malevich, could study the major works of European painters.
As Shchukins collection was on public display, it played a significant role in shaping the birth of the Russian avant-garde, Raissis said.
Over two thirds of the works in the exhibition are from the collections of Shchukin and Morozov, and archival photographs show how some of the works were displayed by Shchukin in his Trubetskoy Palace in Moscow, where Russian art lovers, intellectuals and artists were welcomed.
An immersive video installation by Saskia Boddeke and famous British filmmaker Peter Greenaway is another highlight of the exhibition. Launched in Europe at the Fondation Louis Vuitton last year, the installation, restaged for AGNSW, engages visitors in an extraordinary dialogue between Shchukin and Matisse and highlights the impact of the works of Matisse on young Russian artists.
The exhibition concludes with works by the Russian artists Kandinsky and Malevich, who were not only highly receptive to the influence of modern French painting, but whose art was shaped by its radical possibilities.
NSW Minister for the Arts Don Harwin said the exhibition is presented as part of the Sydney International Art Series an annual event created by the NSW Governments tourism and major events agency, Destination NSW, which brings the worlds most outstanding artists and their works exclusively to Sydney at the Art Gallery of NSW and Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA).
Since its inception in 2010, the Sydney International Art Series has generated over $149 million in overnight visitor expenditure for the State, and attracted over 2.1 million attendees. Of these, more than 201,000 overnight visitors travelled to Sydney from overseas, interstate and regional NSW, specifically to view the exhibitions at the Art Gallery of NSW and the MCA, Mr Harwin said.