Masterpieces from the collection of French businessman and philanthropist, Jean-Yves Ollivier, will be offered in The Ollivier Collection of Early Chinese Art: A Journey Through Time sale at Bonhams
in London on Thursday 8 November. The sale has a combined upper estimate of £4m.
Highlights of the collection include magnificent and rare Chinese archaic bronze vessels from the Western Zhou dynasty (1047-772 BC), a sancai-glazed sculpture of a Bactrian camel and an extremely rare and massive archaic bronze ritual vessel from the Eastern Zhou dynasty.
Bonhams UK and Asia Chairman Colin Sheaf said: The Ollivier Collection of Early Chinese Art is one of the finest of its kind ever to appear at auction. Jean-Yves is a remarkable man, as his many achievements testify, and his judgement and intuitive feeling for quality and authenticity have been flawless guides throughout his long years of collecting. It is a privilege to be offering these exceptional works.
Born in Algeria, Jean-Yves Ollivier worked as a businessman in Europe, Africa and Asia. It was while he was running different companies in Africa in the 1980s that Ollivier played a pivotal role in the behind-the-scenes peace negotiations that contributed to the ending of apartheid in South Africa, and the release of Nelson Mandela. The part in the secret negotiations played by Monsieur Jacques, as Ollivier was known, only came to light in the 2013 documentary, Plot for Peace.
Olliviers parallel life as a collector began when he worked in London as a stockbroker for another celebrated art collector, Robert Strauss. But it was while visiting the National Palace Museum in Taipei in the late 60s, that he first saw examples of Archaic Chinese Bronzes. Deeply affected by what he saw, the French businessman vowed to acquire a piece. He eventually collected nine bronze ritual food vessels, all of which will feature in the London sale. Interviewed about his collection in the autumn edition of Bonhams Magazine, Ollivier reflected on what drew him to these works: I think it was because I felt touched, for the first time, by the craftsmanship. The shape is almost always the same, but I feel as if each piece is infused with a human spirit. It is as if the unknown human who made it has transmitted his soul into the material.
The leading pieces are:
An archaic bronze vessel, Gui: Western Zhou Dynasty. Estimate £350,000-500,000. In China, ancestors were seen as active participants in the life of their living descendants, which they could positively influence if provided with continuous care. Gui were ritual vessels used throughout China to hold offerings of food mainly grain at ancestral tombs. This example has a motif on the neck of the vessel of a single-headed dragon with its body split in two, each half running towards the top of the handles on the sides. It is very unusual and has only ever been seen on gui in the early Western Zhou dynasty. Surviving pieces are extremely rare.
A rare archaic bronze ritual inscribed tripod vessel, Jia: Early Western Zhou Dynasty. Estimate £300,000-500,000. This type of ritual vessel held libations of wine for the veneration of ancestors. This example has a seven-character inscription beneath the handle which reads 'Quan bo zuo fu bao zun yi', ('Earl of Quan made this precious sacrificial vessel for the late father'). This would suggest that it was placed in a tomb to supply the deceased with wine in the afterlife.
An extremely rare and massive archaic bronze ritual vessel, Fang Hu, Eastern Zhou Dynasty. Estimate £250,000-350,000. A magnificent example of the advances in casting technology accomplished during the Eastern Zhou dynasty, resulting in innovation and elaboration of forms and decoration. At a time of constant flux of the rigid rules on rites and daily customs set by the Zhou Court, feudal lords were eager to commission exceptionally large and elaborate vessels to be used in their court rituals and banquets, as a display of power and opulence. With the advent of lost-wax casting technology, elaborate decorative features that were previously difficult to model with the piece-moulding method become feasible to sculpt, adding depth to the decorative details.
A magnificent and large sancai-glazed figure of a Bactrian camel from the Tang Dynasty (618-907): estimate £300,000-400,000. This splendid and realistically modelled camel was undoubtedly made to be buried with an elite member of society. It is a remarkable example of the exceptional standards of ceramic sculpture production during the Tang dynasty, generally acknowledged as the high point of Chinese culture; and a reminder of the vital importance of foreign trade to the Empire. Imported from Turkestan and Mongolia, camels were essential for Chinese merchants conducting trade with the oasis cities of Central Asia, such as Samarkand, and those in Syria and Persia. The Tang capital, Chang'an one of the largest cities in the world at the time became vastly wealthy thanks to its key position on the Silk Road. Merchants came from far afield to acquire silk, bamboo and lacquer wares, and import perfumes, horse and jewels. The city was also very cosmopolitan; by the 9th century, there were approximately 25,000 foreign residents from Persia, Central Asia, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Tibet and India living there.