SAN FRANCISCO, CA.-
Among the most important American artists of the 20th century, Donald Judd transformed the art world with his influential work in art, design and architecture. On view at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
July 14 through November 4, 2018, Donald Judd: Specific Furniture looks beyond Judds work in sculpture, which he called specific objects, to examine his furniture design as its own practice, independent from his artworks. This exhibition also brings together Judds furniture with designs he owned and admired, as well as newly fabricated Judd pieces that visitors can use outside the gallery.
Judds rigorous research and exploration of form and scale in his artworks extended into his interests in design and architecture. Truly a spatial practice, Judds holistic approach to the objects that he created and surrounded himself with is evident in his refined, if not nuanced, works, said Joseph Becker, associate curator of architecture and design at SFMOMA. We are excited to offer visitors the unique opportunity to understand Judds furniture by presenting eight pieces that can be sat on before and after viewing the exhibition.
Judds designs emerged out of a need for simple and functional furniture, developed in response to what he saw as an absence of good and available pieces. From tables to desks and chairs to beds, Judd created a diverse group of distilled yet functional furniture originating from basic utilitarian forms. Through hundreds of permutations, he established a system of designs that demonstrated his philosophy of use and utility. According to Judd, furniture was designed to suit unambiguous actions, such as sitting upright, standing or lying flat, and prompt movement from one piece to another depending on the task.
In addition to his roles as artist, designer and critic, Judd was also a collector of furniture that embodied a material presence or design strategy, acquiring designs by Alvar Aalto, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Gerrit Rietveld, Rudolph Schindler and Gustav Stickley, among others. Unique to this presentation, Donald Judd: Specific Furniture will bring together Judds work with a selection of the iconic pieces he collected and installed in relationship to his own designs, establishing his work firmly within the design canon.
Donald Judd: Specific Furniture features approximately 30 pieces of furniture and 25 drawings, along with eight newly fabricated Judd designs, including four chairs, two benches, a stool and a combined seat/table/shelf. Produced by Donald Judd Furniture through the Judd Foundation using the same furniture fabricators and materials that Judd used during this lifetime, these pieces are located on SFMOMAs sixth-floor landing adjacent to the Architecture and Design gallery for visitors to touch and sit on before and after the viewing the exhibition.
Born on June 3, 1928 in Excelsior Springs, Missouri, Donald Judd studied philosophy and art history at Columbia University and painting at the Art Students League. Judd started his career as a painter and art critic and later transitioned to work in three dimensions. In 1968, Judd first began the permanent installation of his work as well as works of his contemporaries at his 101 Spring Street residence and studio, a process he would continue throughout his life in both New York and Marfa, Texas, until his death in 1994. His studios and living spaces in both New York and Texas would later become Judd Foundation.
For almost four decades, Judd exhibited across the United States, Europe and Asia with his work in museum collections worldwide. Major exhibitions of his work include the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1968, 1988); the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (1975); Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (1970); and Tate Modern, London (2004). In 1993, the Museum Boymans-van Beuningen in Rotterdam produced the first comprehensive exhibition on Judds furniture practice, and there have been few exhibitions on the furniture since.
Along with the Doris and Donald Fisher Collection at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, SFMOMA holds an important selection of Donald Judds artwork, including prints, objects and a painting. Judds early mature work To Susan Buckwalter (1964) is on view as part of the exhibition Pop, Minimal, and Figurative Art on the museums fifth floor.