The original pistols used in the infamous 1804 duel between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr are on display at the Smithsonians National Postal Museum through June 24. They are featured in the exhibition Alexander Hamilton: Soldier, Secretary, Icon, along with mail, portraits, and postage and revenue stamps reflective of Hamiltons life and career as the first U.S. treasury secretary.
The rare public showing represents the first time the pistols have been on public display in the Washington area.
The full exhibition remains on view through next March. Its opening coincides with the June opening of the hit Broadway play, Hamilton: An American Musical, at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C.
The original dueling pistols used by Hamilton, former secretary of the treasury and retired two-star general, and Vice President Aaron Burr in the duel that resulted in Hamiltons death are on loan to the museum from JPMorgan Chase & Co.
Hamilton was born on the British Caribbean island of Nevis in 1755, deserted by his father at age 11 and raised by his mother who died when he was 13. Shortly after his arrival in New York in 1772, long-simmering tensions between Great Britain and its North American colonies erupted into open war. An orphan with few influential connections, Hamilton saw the American Revolution as an opportunity for rapid social advancement. He committed to the revolution and decided he and America would sink or swim together.
In a scene that is scarcely imaginable today, on July 11, 1804, Burr killed Hamilton in a duel. Burr had lost the U.S. presidential election of 1800 and the New York governors race of 1804. He blamed Hamiltons outspoken opposition for both lossesespecially a letter attributed to Hamilton and published in the Albany Register that referred to Burr as despicable. Burr then issued the challenge to a duel, which was set for a location outside New York City in nearby New Jersey.
In the 215 years since his untimely death at 49 in the duel with Burr, Hamilton has become an American icon. Stamps, money, movies, television miniseries, and now a hit Broadway musical, commemorate his meteoric rise and his sweeping vision for Americas future.
In a Federalist-style gallery within the museums William H. Gross Stamp Gallery, visitors will see objects highlighting Hamiltons extraordinary influence on our country, said Elliot Gruber, director of the museum. Visitors of all ages will be drawn in to the man behind the musical that is sweeping the nation.
The exhibition features free franked covers signed by Hamilton from 1789 to 1794. As secretary of the treasury, he was permitted to send official correspondence for free by signing his name. This ensured that customs inspectors and collectors all over the country were kept busy responding to ceaseless requests for information about imports and exports, tonnage and construction of ships, trade routes and ports of call. His ability to interpret and remember this data made Hamilton the best-informed member of President George Washingtons first Cabinet.
The earliest postage stamps honoring Hamilton are on display, highlighting a marble bust of him at age 39, made by the Italian sculptor Giuseppe Ceracchi in 1794, as well as the original steel die for the 30-cent stamp. Multiple copies were made from the original bust. The exhibition showcases the one that belonged to Levi Woodbury, one of Hamiltons successors as secretary of the treasury. It passed to Woodburys son-in-law, Montgomery Blair, who was postmaster general from 1861 to 1864. The bust is on loan from the Smithsonians National Portrait Gallery. The Ceracchi bust of Hamilton appeared on the 30 cent stamp from 1870 until 1890. Hamiltons portrait did not appear on postage again until 1956.
History remembers Alexander Hamilton as the pioneering first secretary of the treasury, but he was also responsible for the Post Office Department, said Daniel Piazza, chief curator of philately. He used the mail to collect import and export data from customs officers all over the country, and his ability to interpret this data made Hamilton the best informed member of Washingtons first Cabinet.
A special website
augments the exhibition, providing additional access to the rich content presented.