The global financial crash of 2008 ushered in a politically volatile decade. At the same time, the rise of social media has changed the way graphic political messages are made and disseminated. As traditional media rubs shoulders with hashtags and memes, the influence and impact of graphic design has never been greater. Hope to Nope: Graphics and Politics 2008 - 18 examines the pivotal role of graphics in milestone events such as the election of Barack Obama, the worldwide Occupy movement, the Arab Spring, Brexit and Donald Trumps presidency.
Taking a politically impartial view of such events, the exhibition demonstrates graphic designs role in influencing opinion, provoking debate and driving activism. It explores the trajectory from Hope to Nope, as represented by the iconic Barack Obama Hope poster by Shepard Fairey and the many imitations that followed, including the Donald Trump Nope meme. The exhibition demonstrates how technology and graphic design are weapons wielded by the powerful and the marginalised alike.
Hope to Nope comprises three main sections: Power, Protest and Personality. A large graphic timeline dissects the gallery, charting the role of new communication technologies such as Facebook and Twitter in global events of the last decade.
Power explores how graphic design is used by the establishment to assert national and political authority, and how that iconography can be subverted by activists and opponents. Examples include North Korean propaganda, the Hillary Clinton presidential campaign, Soviet posters turned into a gay rights campaign and Dread Scotts flag in support of the Black Lives Matter movement. Also featuring is a 3m-high replica of the letter N from the Newborn sculpture that marked Kosovos independence from Serbia in 2008.
Protest displays graphic design by activists and demonstrators. The largest section in the exhibition, it includes newspapers from the 2011-12 Occupy London camp, an umbrella used during the 2014 Hong Kong Umbrella Revolution and a 2m-high replica of the inflatable duck from the 2016 protests against Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff. This section also looks at the 2015 Je Suis Charlie and Peace for Paris marches, as well as responses to the 2017 Grenfell Tower disaster, demonstrating the important role played by graphic design in channelling anger and creating solidarity.
The final section, Personality, examines the graphic representation of leading political figures. Grassroots support for Jeremy Corbyn is typified by an unofficial Nike t-shirt and an independently published comic book that portrays the Labour Party leader as a super-hero. Meanwhile, Donald Trumps trademark features are caricatured across the covers of more than 50 international magazines, including The Economist, TIME and Der Spiegel. In contrast to such personalities, this section also features the international hacktivist network Anonymous, which protects individual identities behind a smiling Guy Fawkes mask. Originally drawn by David Lloyd for the V for Vendetta graphic novel, the mask has evolved into a symbol of resistance worldwide. A newly commissioned piece by Pulsar Platform provides a dynamic visual profile of leading political figures based on public opinion across social media platforms.
Hope to Nope is co-curated by the Design Museum
and GraphicDesign&s Lucienne Roberts and David Shaw, with Rebecca Wright.