Nancy Pelosi, the Democratic leader of the U.S. House of Representatives, presented the Smithsonians National Museum of American History
with historic objects related to the Jan. 4, 2007, ceremony during which she was sworn in as the 52nd Speaker of the Housethe first woman to hold that office. This donation is the first in an expanded effort to document women in American politics.
Pelosis donation enhances the growing collection of artifacts highlighting the role of women in American history. The collection includes objects representing other important womens firstsSally Rides space suit, from the National Air and Space Museum; Marian Andersons ensemble worn for her 1939 concert at the Lincoln Memorial, from the National Museum of African American History and Culture; and Sandra Day OConnors Supreme Court robe and a uniform worn by Brig. Gen. Anna Mae Hays, chief of the Army Nurse Corps, both from the National Museum of American History. These objects were on display in Flag Hall during the ceremony.
In addition to the wooden gavel she received that day, Pelosi donated the burgundy suit she wore and the original copy of the speech she gave that morning. Gavels are icons of power and authority, and in politics, the power they symbolize is both ceremonial and real, said Lisa Kathleen Graddy, curator of political history at the National Museum of American History.
The artifacts will join the museums political history collection. There are no immediate plans to display them. Other gavels in the collection include those used by former Speakers of the House, by the first women to chair the Republican and Democratic Presidential nominating conventions and by Susan B. Anthony, who wielded power, authority and gavels long before women held national elected office. Other speakers at the ceremony included House Republican Conference Chair Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.), Rep. Doris Matsui (D-Calif.) and Judy Woodruff, anchor and managing editor of PBS NewsHour.
As we celebrate Womens History Month, Im grateful to the Smithsonians National Museum of American History for commemorating the trailblazers who came before us by sharing their stories, McMorris Rodgers said. We have so much to learn from our history of women empowering other women to seize opportunities and to live their dreams. I congratulate my colleague Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi for her dedicated service and for her contribution of personal objects to the Smithsonian. Visitors for generations to come will now have the opportunity to hear the story of Americas first woman Speaker of the House.