A rare example of a 1st-century AD Roman bronze figure of Hermaphroditos will be offered at Bonhams
Antiquities sale in London on 28 November. It is estimated at £25,000-35,000.
In his Metamorphoses the Roman writer Ovid (43 B.C.-17 A.D.) told the tale of Hermaphroditos, the beautiful son of Aphrodite and Hermes, with whom the water nymph Salmacis fell passionately in love. Although the boy rejected her advances, Salmacis pleaded with the gods to be united with him forever. A god took pity on her and merged the two bodies, creating an androgynous being who was worshipped as a deity during the Hellenistic period approximately from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC to the emergence of the Roman Empire in the closing years of the millennium and well into the Roman era itself.
The figure for sale is of the rare Hermaphroditos kallipygos type which shows the god standing, clearly displaying male and female characteristics and gazing at a double mirror angled on the buttocks kallipygos means beautiful buttocks in English. This is in contrast to the 'Sleeping Hermaphrodite' sculpture type, which seeks to surprise and mislead the viewer by appearing as one sex from the back, and another from the front.
Bonhams Head of Antiquities Francesca Hickin said: This is a rare and important bronze figure of Hermaphroditos, and features in scholarly literature on the Hermaphroditos kallipygos type of which very few examples are known. It is likely that the statue was displayed in a domestic setting, either in a garden or within a home.
The statue comes to auction from a private UK collection, and was on loan to the Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg in 1981.
Other items in the sale include:
An Attic black-figure amphora from around 540 B.C. depicting Herakles slaying the Nemean Lion, the first of his 12 Labours. Estimate £40,000-70,000.
A Roman marble life-sized portrait head of a young man from the Late Republican-Early Augustan, around 50 B.C.- A.D.37. Estimate £30,000-50,000.
An Egyptian limestone relief with hieroglyphs from the Ptolemaic Period, circa 332-30 B.C. Estimate £25,000-35,000.