NEW YORK (NYT NEWS SERVICE).-
As museums are reopening this fall, the work of Black artists is prominently on display around the country, one result of a broad-based movement to feature diverse creators in a systemic and lasting way.
A sense that institutions are making up for lost time has added an element of urgency to the push.
As Erica Warren, an associate curator of textiles at the Art Institute of Chicago, put it: We are overdue.
Warren organized Bisa Butler: Portraits, opening Nov. 16 at the Art Institute. Butler, based in New Jersey, works in fabric, creating complex quilted textile portraits of what she calls the Black American story. Its the museums first textile solo show for a Black female artist.
Butler shares a dealer, Claire Oliver Gallery of Harlem, with artist Barbara Earl Thomas, who is having the most substantial show of her work yet at the Seattle Art Museum, in her hometown.
Barbara Earl Thomas: The Geography of Innocence features her striking and graphic cut paper works and opens Nov. 20, just a week after Butlers show. It looks at how race informs our perception of innocence.
Both exhibitions from artists who examine similar subjects, rendered in very different media are evidence of how the art world is striving to spotlight diverse voices, and how museums and galleries have come in to alignment to support that goal.
The critical role of a gallery, nurturing and promoting artists and helping to sustain them during lean times so they can keep working, has gotten only more important.
Warren of the Art Institute said she discovered Butlers work at Olivers booth at the Expo Chicago fair in 2018.
I thought it was by far and away the best work at the fair, Warren said.
Oliver, 56, is the first to say that her gallery is no Gagosian or Hauser & Wirth the global powerhouses whose artists are frequently featured in museum shows and who work to make that happen.
Were stealthy, she said. We fly under the radar.
She founded her gallery 29 years ago in Philadelphia and spent two decades in New Yorks Chelsea before moving in February to Harlem. From the beginning, Oliver had a firm idea about whose work she wanted to show.
When we started, I vowed to have more than 50% women, she said. And were about 75% now.
Oliver has added to her goals over time. Weve also made a concerted effort to bring in more Black voices, she said, especially since the Black Lives Matter movement has accelerated.
In these priorities, Oliver finds herself in alignment with prestigious museums that set the tone for the entire art world.
Ive talked to so many curators about this, she said. We see we have these big gaping voids in the collections, in the canon of art history, and they are trying to remedy that.
Thomas, 71, has been featured in many exhibitions over the years and her profile is growing. She has a commission to design a set of windows for the dining hall of Grace Hopper College at Yale University that will go on view next year.
The Seattle Art Museum show is an apotheosis of sorts.
Whats different is that Im directing what its going to be, Thomas said, alluding to the level of input she has had while working with curator Catharina Manchanda. I told them: I have an idea and I want you to help me realize it.
The subjects depicted are all Black children, and Thomas knows most of them. The show includes three portraits on sandblasted glass, 10 cut-paper portraits and three handcrafted candelabras. Theres also a hanging sculpture made of hand-cut Tyvek, surrounded by Tyvek panels.
How do we read faces and what has culture put into our cup? Thomas said of the shows theme. My stories are not epic. They are about the everyday.
She cuts the paper works with a razor and then hand-tints them, and the effect is striking.
Im about the dazzle, Thomas said. I want to seduce with the figure. I dont apologize for being graphic.
She started working with Oliver in 2014. Although she was already known to the Seattle Art Museum, having a dealer based in New York, and a forthcoming project at Yale, will help give her street cred, given that Im not in the East, Thomas said, referring to the art worlds center of gravity.
Claire saw something in my work that people in my region havent always picked up on, Thomas said. She has an eye for people with a power mechanism.
She added that there was a commonality between her own work and that of other artists that Oliver shows, including the textile work of Butler.
Theres a devotion to materiality and to really building things, Thomas said.
Butlers Chicago show, with 22 of her quilts and works by other artists who have influenced her, including photographer Gordon Parks, is an ode to that city.
Im the ultimate Chicago fan, said Butler, 47, who is based in West Orange, New Jersey.
My heroes are people like Charles White, she added, referring to the Chicago-born painter who was the subject of a 2018-19 posthumous traveling museum retrospective that many felt was long overdue. I feel like the granddaughter to these artists.
Her interest in textiles started early. I grew up sewing, said Butler, who learned from her mother and grandmother during her New Jersey childhood. My Barbies were decked out.
After Howard University and a period of making works for friends and family, she became a professional artist around 2003. From the beginning, she wanted a wide audience for her work.
When youre in a segregated art world, you dont realize it right away, Butler said. But I didnt want to make art exclusively for Black people. My subject matter is Black, but I dont only want to be in African American museums or fairs.
Things broadened for Butler only when I met Claire, she said. It seems like the years before that didnt count. Some people were saying, Oh shes an emerging artist. But I had been working for 20 years.
In the Chicago show, The Safety Patrol (2018) depicting a group of children who could have starred in one of Thomas works was fashioned from cotton, wool and chiffon that has been quilted and appliquéd.
Butlers projects often begin in black and white photographs, where she seeks a compelling image. The origin may be surprising, given how much color is in the finished work, but she said she preferred to begin with pure form and then to add her own hues.
Warren of the Art Institute said that the use of textiles not a dominant medium for contemporary artists, and one associated with womens work has additional meaning.
She interrogates the history of the marginalization of her subjects, and she does it in a medium that has been marginalized, too, Warren said.
Like Thomas, Butler has a humanistic approach that doesnt dwell on conflict.
I want to tell the story of Black America from the inside out, Butler said. My work is like a Black familys photo album. Youre not going to see images of the worst day of life.
With the opening of both the Chicago and Seattle shows, Butler said she recognizes a feeling of things clicking into place. Shes felt that before with Oliver.
When Claire moved to Harlem, it just fit right, Butler said. Its like when I touched a fabric, it felt right. Paint was not for me. Things align in the right time and space.
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