The Frist Art Museum
presents Storied Strings: The Guitar in American Art, the first exhibition to explore the instruments symbolism in American art from the early nineteenth century to the present. Featuring 125 works of art as well as thirty-five exceptional instruments, Storied Strings will be on view in the Ingram Gallery from May 26 through August 13, 2023. The companion photography exhibition Guitar Town: Picturing Performance Today, which celebrates Nashvilles diverse music scene, will be presented concurrently in the always-free Conte Community Arts Gallery from April 21 through August 20, 2023.
Organized by Dr. Leo G. Mazow, the Louise B. and J. Harwood Cochrane Curator of American Art at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Storied Strings explores fascinating connections and contrasts that show how guitars figure prominently in the visual stories Americans tell about themselves. Works by artists such as John Baldessari, Thomas Hart Benton, Lonnie Holley, Dorothea Lange, and Annie Leibovitz and seminal instruments by Fender, Gibson, and C. F. Martin & Company show how guitars have served as symbols of American history, cultural attitudes, identities, and aspirations. For the presentation at the Frist, notable instruments and other artworks drawn from Middle Tennessee collections will be on view, reflecting Nashvilles internationally renowned status as Music City, a mecca for outstanding guitarists and socially impactful music.
Storied Strings is organized thematically into sections including Leisure, Culture, and Comfort: 18th and 19th Century America; Amateurs and Professionals; Hispanicization; Blues and Folk; A Change is Coming; Iconic Women of Early Country Music; Cowboy Guitars; The Visual Culture of Early Rock and Roll; Personification; and Aestheticizing the Motif. Linking these disparate themes is the premise that the malleable image of the guitar has long enabled artists and their human subjects to address a wide range of themes and stories that otherwise would go unexamined.
The exhibition begins with early depictions of people playing guitars at home, showing the cultivated tastes of middle- and upper-class families in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. From the first known American drawing of a guitarThomas B. Middletons Friends and Amateurs in Musick of 1827the guitar in the nineteenth century often symbolized gentility, comfort, and easy camaraderie, writes Mazow.
A selection of classic Martin guitars, showing the importation of guitar-making techniques from Europe to the United States, is included in the following section, Amateurs and Professionals. A highlight of this section is Thomas Hickss painting The Musicale, Barber Shop, Trenton Falls, New York (1866), a rare depiction of a nonsegregated musical group made just after the Civil War. The sections Hispanicization and Hawaiiana reveal how guitars have been used to portray certain musical styles as exotic for white American audiences and romanticize their points of origin.
Iconic Women of Early Country Music features photographs of Lulu Belle, Maybelle Carter, Loretta Lynn, and Kitty Wells, as well as associated objects, with videos of several of these musicians in performance. Another section showcases cowboy motifs, with videos of Roy Rogers, Tex Ritter, and others playing western-tinged country music in early-to-mid 20th century. Highlights of this section include Thomas Hart Bentons final study for his massive painting The Sources of Country Music, a permanent fixture at the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, just down the street from the Frist. This section acknowledges the origins of the cowboy look, as well as showing its expanded legacy in todays country by LGBTQIA+ musicians such as Orville Peck.
The guitars role in giving voice to people across America is acknowledged in artworks and recordings that show the cultural impact of blues and folk music, born of the injustices, hopes, sorrows, and joys experienced by poor and working-class people, especially people of color and migrant workers, writes Frist Art Museum chief curator Mark Scala. Over a third of the works in the exhibition are by Black artists or depict Black musicians. An extraordinary example is Romare Beardens luminous collage Three Folk Musicians (1967) which shows the merger of two worldsthe European guitar and the African banjo, a synthesis that is still at the core of much Americana music. The social message in this section is clearwhether in Elizabeth Catletts I Have Given the World My Songs (1947), a searing depiction of a Black woman playing guitar in front of the scene of a lynching, or Danny Lyonss photograph of Bob Dylan at the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) office in Greenwood, Mississippi, the guitar can be seen as a symbol of resistance to an uncaring world.
From paintings of street buskers to photographs of Dolly Parton on a tour bus, the section Making a Living looks at how the guitars affordability and portability have made it the peoples instrument, allowing for a modest living or great financial success. The close, personal attachment many players have to their instrument is examined in the section Personification, with subjects cradling or hugging their instruments like children, lovers, or even extensions of their own bodies.
Iconic electric guitars such as a 1953 Fender Telecaster and a 1958 Gibson Explorersome of which were played by the likes of Keith Richards and Eric Claptonshine in the section titled The Visual Culture of Early Rock and Roll. The real star, however, is Sister Rosetta Tharpe, the Godmother of
Rock and Roll who influenced Elvis Presley and others in the 1950s; she reigns in a striking quilt by Michael C. Thorpe and a video performance installed nearby.
The final section, Aestheticizing the Motif, explores the inherent beauty of guitars in works like John Baldessaris hand-painted print collages and Kaki Kings video performance of her song Surface Changes, which shows an innovative combination of musicianship and visual art for the 21st century.
Several key objects in the exhibition are on loan from the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, and throughout the summer, a series of programs featuring live performances and exhibition tours will be offered by the neighboring museums. Reciprocal admission for Frist and CMHoF members will be offered on select dates. More details will be posted on FristArtMuseum.org.
Thursday, May 25
Curators Perspective: Storied Strings
Presented by Dr. Leo G. Mazow
This illustrated lecture introducing Storied Strings: The Guitar in American Art will explore the guitars symbolism in American art from the early 19th century to the present day, demonstrating the instruments capacity to denote myriad social topicsfrom race and ethnicity to class and gender while reflecting the American music industry itself. Dr. Leo G. Mazow, Louise B. and J. Harwood Cochrane Curator of American Art, has been at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts since 2016. A specialist in 19th- and 20th-century American painting and cultural history, he received his PhD at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. From 2010 through 2016 he was an associate professor of art history at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville. From 2002 through 2010 he was curator of American art at the Palmer Museum of Art at Penn State University.