This new temporary loan exhibition at the Museum for Architectural Drawing
is the fourth cooperation project with Sir John Soane Museum in London and is dedicated to a series of remarkable drawings produced by John Soane (1753 1837) and his Office. Soane was the leading neo-classical architect in late Georgian Britain, and many of the drawings included were produced for his lectures given as Professor of Architecture at the Royal Academy of Arts between 1809 and 1820 to illustrate classical architectural orders. The orders are a series of architectural styles developed in the ancient Greece and adopted by the Romans. For Soane, a proper understanding of the three primary ancient orders Doric, Ionic and Corinthian - was central to the practice of architecture. This exhibition uses the extensive architectural drawings collection from Sir John Soanes Museum in London to introduce the classical orders, explore the legends behind their origins and examine their use in Soanes work.
The classical orders derive from ancient temple architecture, in particular its use of columns and entablature to support the roof. The different orders are distinguished by the ways in which the columns, with their bases, shafts and capitals, and entablature are decorated. Although the only classical treatise on architecture to survive from antiquity the Roman architect Vitruvius De Architectura (On Architecture), c.25 BC lists just four orders, most writers on architecture list five: The Tuscan order, the Doric order, the Ionic order, the Corinthian order and the Composite order.
The exhibition consists of 30 loans from Sir John Soane Museum.
The curators of the exhibition at the Museum for Architectural Drawing are Louise Stewart (Sir John Soanes Museum) and Nadejda Bartels (Museum for Architectural Drawing).
Sir John Soanes house and collection at No. 13 Lincolns Inn Fields has been a national museum since the early nineteenth century. Designed by renowned architect Sir John Soane and filled with his world-class collection of paintings, sculpture, artefacts and models, the Museum retains the same fabric and design as at the time of Soanes death in 1837. Today, the Museum encourages access to Soanes legacy in its broadest sense: architecture and design, creative originality, a commitment to learning and enquiry, and the connections between past and present that the Museum and its collections reveal.