CINCINNATI, OH.- The Cincinnati Art Museum
presents a lavish bedroom designed by Austrian-born architect Joseph Urban for 17-year-old Elaine Wormser in the special exhibition Unlocking an Art Deco Bedroom by Joseph Urban, on view from July 8Oct. 2.
More than 90 years after its completion, the Wormser Bedrooms furnishings have been fully conserved and displayed to reflect their state as originally installed in Chicagos Drake Tower and photographed in 1930. When Elaine Wormser Reis moved to Cincinnati in 1936, she brought nearly all of her bedroom with herincluding the custom wall-to-wall carpet. The rooms elements, donated to the Cincinnati Art Museum by Elaine Wormser Reis in 1973, form the largest collection of Urban-designed furnishings held by a public institution.
Urban (18721933) was a prolific illustrator, scenic designer, and architect who trained in fin-de-siècle Vienna. During this period, many Viennese artists, including Urban, rejected historical precedents and embraced a new modern art. In 1911, he relocated to the United States to become the art director of the Boston Opera. He quickly became one of the most revered set designers of the early twentieth century and worked tirelessly across a range of media, from film to architecture, to create and promote a fresh style that reflected the times.
Some of Urbans most notable projects include set designs for the Metropolitan Opera, the Ziegfeld Follies, and Hollywood films; the first American gallery to showcase work by artists of the famed Wiener Werkstatte (Vienna Workshop); the building and interiors for The New School in New York; the color direction for the 1933 Chicago Worlds Fair; interiors for Marjorie Merriweather Posts Palm Beach estate, Mar-a-Lago; and the roof garden of Cincinnatis Hotel Gibson (demolished in 1977).
One of Urbans final commissions, the Wormser Bedroom features a daring combination of colors and patterns, black glass walls and a reflective silvered ceiling. The interior embodies the distinct modern design vocabulary that Urban developed and employed throughout his career, highlighting his talent as a colorist, his flair for the dramatic, and his skillful blend of Viennese artistic influences with the prevailing modern style now known as Art Deco.
In addition to the bedroom, the exhibition features drawings, paintings, costumes, and related furnishings drawn from many American collections. A full-color illustrated book and an interactive website provide further context, including reflections on the experiences of the caretakers and unnamed craftspeople who are an integral part of the Wormser Bedroom story. Behind-the-scenes investigations and processes necessary to reintroduce the room to the public are also highlighted.
It is thrilling to present this bedroom for the first time in our galleries, with new scholarship and display approaches, notes Amy Miller Dehan, the exhibitions curator and Cincinnati Art Museums Curator of Decorative Arts and Design. For decades, our understanding of the room was based on black-and-white photographs which fail to present Urbans virtuosic combinations of color, pattern, and finish. The process of reconstructing the room has been a revelation. This exhibition reveals Urbans boundless talent and contributions to the development of American Modernism as well as the bold messaging that women like Elaine Wormser projected when choosing the avant-garde style over backward-looking historical fashions.
The exhibition is on view in galleries 232 and 233.