NEW YORK, NY.-
When Los Angeles-based artist Alison Saar was commissioned a little over four years ago to sculpt a statue of playwright Lorraine Hansberry, she had just one thought: Am I the right person for the job?
I dont really work with likenesses, said Saar, 66, whose artwork focuses on the African diaspora and Black female identity. But they said, No, no, we want it to be more of a portrait of her passion and who she was beyond a playwright.
The request had come from Lynn Nottage, a two-time Pulitzer-winning playwright, as part of an initiative she was developing with Julia Jordan, executive director of the Lilly Awards, which recognize the work of women in theater. The Lorraine Hansberry Initiative was designed to honor Hansberry, the first Black woman to have a show produced on Broadway.
Shes just part of my foundational DNA as an artist, Nottage said in a phone interview Wednesday. Throughout my career, if I needed to look to structure, or storytelling, or inspiration, I could go to A Raisin in the Sun, this perfect piece of literature.
The statue a life-size likeness of Hansberry surrounded by five movable bronze chairs that represent aspects of her life, and, Saar said, invites people to sit and think with her will be unveiled in New York Citys Times Square on June 9. The event will include performances and remarks from Nottage and Hansberrys 99-year-old older sister, Mamie Hansberry. It will remain in Times Square through June 12, and then begin a tour of the country over the next year or so on its way to its permanent home in Chicago, Hansberrys birthplace.
But, Nottage said, they also wanted a more forward-looking way to honor Hansberry, leading to the initiatives second prong: a scholarship to cover the living expenses for two female or nonbinary graduate student writers of color who create for the stage, television or film. Beginning next year, the $2.5 million scholarship fund will give its first recipients $25,000 per year, generally for up to three years the typical length of a graduate program. (LaTanya Richardson Jackson, who was nominated for a Tony Award for her role as Lena Younger in the 2014 Broadway revival of Raisin in the Sun, the Dramatists Guild and the National Endowment for the Arts are among the initial donors.)
So many graduate programs for writers at elite institutions like Juilliard, Yale and Brown now offer free tuition, Nottage said, but you see people not taking a place because they cant afford to take three years off to pay for rent, computers, food and travel, which could be, on average, anywhere from $15,000 to $35,000 per year.
It wouldve made a huge difference for me, Nottage said of the scholarship fund. When I was at the Yale School of Drama, one of the actors told me I could get public assistance to pay for groceries and electricity, and when I showed the welfare department in New Haven my financial aid package I was doing work-study they were like, Oh, yeah, youre living below the poverty line.
Hansberry, who was just 34 when she died of pancreatic cancer in 1965, is best known for Raisin in the Sun, a semi-autobiographical family drama that tells the story of an African American family living under racial segregation on the South Side of Chicago. The play, which opened on Broadway in 1959 with Sidney Poitier in the cast, would go on to win the New York Drama Critics Circle award for best play, making Hansberry, at 29, the youngest American and first Black recipient of the award.
Hansberry was also active in political and social movements, including the fight for civil rights, regularly writing articles about racial, economic and gender inequality for the Black newspaper Freedom. She also wrote letters signed L.H.N. or L.N. for Lorraine Hansberry Nemiroff (her husbands last name) to The Ladder, a monthly national lesbian publication. In those letters, she wrestled with issues she faced as a lesbian in a heterosexual marriage and the pressure on some lesbians to conform to a more feminine dress code.
Her older sister, Mamie, recalls Lorraine being bookish from a young age. Their parents allowed them to sit out on the sun porch during visits from prominent individuals, such as poet Langston Hughes and singer, actor and activist Paul Robeson. Daddy wanted us to be able to listen to some of the distinguished people who came by the house, she said.
Lorraine Hansberry would write letters to congressmen My mother would find them when she was cleaning her room, Mamie Hansberry said. She was free to write to anyone, Mamie said, and they would answer!
It is that spirit that Nottage and Jordan said they hope to cultivate in the next generation of playwrights. The statues tour will begin with stops at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in Harlem (June 13-18) and Brooklyn Bridge Park (June 23-29) before traveling to cities such as Atlanta, Detroit and Los Angeles. It is also set to make stops at historically Black colleges and universities, including Spelman College in Atlanta and Howard University in Washington.
Jordan said the initiative will also work with local theaters and artists to present Hansberrys work, as well as the work of contemporary writers of color, in conjunction with the sculptures placement. New 42, a nonprofit organization behind the New Victory Theater, has also created a resource guide to teach middle school and high school students about Hansberry and Raisin in the Sun, which will be free for schools and organizations to use.
I do think that if Hansberry had continued to write and develop as an activist, one of the things she wouldve done was amplified voices of other women of color, Nottage said.
Jordan said she and Nottage had already raised $2.2 million of their $3.5 million goal for the statue construction costs, tour and scholarship fund. By 2025, Jordan said, they expect to support a total of six playwrights per year.
Everyone wants to produce these women, Nottage said. But we want to make sure people are prepared that theyre secure in their voices and secure in their craft so they dont fail when they get that opportunity.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times