NEW YORK, NY.-
Nehemiah Persoff, a ubiquitous character actor whose gravelly voice and knack for conveying an air of menace magnified his portrayals of a bevy of sinister types, most notably a half-dozen Prohibition-era gangsters, died on Tuesday in San Luis Obispo, California. He was 102.
The cause was heart failure, his grandson, Joey Persoff, said.
For decades Persoff was one of most recognizable faces on television, by face if not by name; he was seen on hundreds of shows, beginning in the late 1940s. He usually played a supporting character, sometimes kindly, sometimes malevolent, but, given his gift for dialect, frequently with an undefined foreign accent.
He appeared on such durable series of the 1950s, 60s and 70s as Gunsmoke, The Twilight Zone, Route 66, Gilligans Island, Mission: Impossible, Hawaii Five-O and Columbo, and he continued into the 1990s, with parts on Law & Order and Chicago Hope.
Persoff, a native of Jerusalem who immigrated to the United States when he was 9, was in real life an amiable father of four who was married to the same woman for seven decades, and who in retirement became an accomplished painter.
His most prominent roles included three tenderly caring parents: a Jewish refugee escaping the Nazis and hoping to reunite with his daughter in Havana in the 1976 film Voyage of the Damned; the father of an Orthodox Jewish girl in early-20th-century Poland who poses as a boy so she can study in a yeshiva, in Barbra Streisands Yentl (1983); and the voice of the father of Fievel Mousekewitz, the Russian Jewish mouse who immigrates to the United States to escape marauding cats, in the 1986 animated feature An American Tail and its sequels.
Yet he was most associated with the dapper gangsters he portrayed in the movies and on television. He was the underworld boss Johnny Torrio in the 1959 film Al Capone, which starred Rod Steiger in the title role. In the TV series The Untouchables, he played two different real-life gangsters: Jake Guzik, the financial brains of Capones bootleg liquor gang, in a few episodes, and Waxey Gordon, New Yorks king of illicit beer, in a 1960 episode in which he gleefully aimed a Tommy gun into a competitors barrels.
His most memorable supporting role may have been his outsized parody of a mobster, Little Bonaparte, in the classic Billy Wilder comedy Some Like It Hot (1959). Two of his lines from that movie are often quoted by film buffs.
Addressing a mob gathering disguised as an opera lovers convention, he says: In the last fiscal year we made a hundred an twelve million dollars before taxes
only we didnt pay no taxes!
And after a hit man pops out of a huge birthday cake and machine-guns another mobster, played by George Raft, and his entourage, Persoff tells an inquiring detective, There was something in that cake that didnt agree with em.
Persoff once said he loved working on The Untouchables because he could lock horns with Elliot Ness, the federal agent played with righteous hauteur by Robert Stack.
Bob Stack was so nose-in-the-air stuck up, he was so correct and superior, so aristocratic, that without any effort on my part it brought out the rebel in me, he told a the magazine Cinema Retro. It struck a vein of anger in me, anger which in my mind is such an important part of what makes a gangster.
Nehemiah Persoff was born in Jerusalem on Aug. 2, 1919, during the years when the territory was transitioning from Ottoman rule to a British mandate. His father, Shmuel, a silversmith, jeweler and art teacher, decided that his prospects would improve in America and immigrated on his own. After six years he brought over his wife, Puah (Holman) Persoff, a homemaker, and his three sons and two daughters.
It was the start of the Depression, and the family lived in a cold-water flat in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn, though they eventually moved up to the Bronx.
Nehemiah attended the Hebrew Technical Institute to study the electricians trade, and his first job was as a signal maintenance worker on the old IND subway line. It paid him $38 a week, more than his father earned.
His introduction to acting happened by chance: He was asked to perform a walk-on in a play that was the highlight of a Zionist organizations function. The experience planted a notion, and after completing three years in the stateside Army, he took a leave from subway work and began studying acting.
Persoff was among the first students at the Actors Studio, where his teachers were Elia Kazan and Lee Strasberg, proponents of method acting. His fellow students included Julie Harris, Martin Balsam, Cloris Leachman and Kim Hunter.
His first bit part was in the 1948 film noir Naked City, but it was another bit part that brought his face to widespread attention: He was the silent cabdriver in the memorable taxi scene in On the Waterfront (1954), in which Marlon Brando tells Rod Steiger: I couldve had class, I couldve been a contender. I couldve been a somebody, instead of a bum, which is what I am.
He was usually cast in small supporting parts, but he often turned them into gems of characterization. One was Leo, the crooked accountant, in Humphrey Bogarts last picture, The Harder They Fall (1956), who coolly tells a furious Bogart that out of the $1 million gate for a championship fight, the storys overmatched boxer will receive $49.07.
In 1951, Persoff married Thia Persov, a distant relation who had been a nurse during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War with the Palmach, a Zionist military group. She died of cancer last year. In addition to his grandson, Persoff is survived by three sons, Jeffrey, Dan and Perry; a daughter, Dahlia; and four granddaughters. He lived in the town of Cambria on the central Californian coast.
While acting in Hollywood, Persoff kept his hand in live theater. In 1959, he starred on Broadway as the newspaper editor and essayist Harry Golden in a short-lived adaptation of Goldens folksy book Only in America. It was the last of his more than a dozen Broadway appearances.
In California, he starred as a cantankerous socialist in his 80s in the Herb Gardner comedy Im Not Rappaport and as the milkman Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof.
For almost two decades he appeared as Tevyes creator, the Yiddish writer Sholem Aleichem, in a one-man show for which he adapted five of the writers fables. In 1975 he was awarded the Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle Award for his supporting role in The Dybbuk at the Mark Taper Forum.
When high blood pressure and other health problems forced him to reduce his workload, Mr. Persoff took up painting, studying in Los Angeles and producing watercolors that have been exhibited in galleries in Northern California. He kept painting until the last week of his life. In 2021 he published a memoir, The Many of Faces of Nehemiah.
Beyond dialects and accents, he had a telling philosophy about acting. If Im playing a good guy, Ill try to show that he has some bad in him, he once said. If Im playing a bad guy, Ill give him some dignity and love.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times