Arrhythmia is a heart condition characterized as an irregular and unsynchronized heartbeat. When you are suffering from arrhythmia, you may feel as if your heart skipped a beat or it is beating too fast, too slow, or without a rhythm. An arrhythmia occurs because the electrical signals that are controlling your heartbeat don't work properly.
Most of the arrhythmias are harmless and aren't life-threatening, but they can lead to some health complications if they persist and don't get treated on time.
Fibrillation or atrial fibrillation is a form of arrhythmia which leads to the quivering of the upper chambers of the heart, the atria, instead of normal beating. This is one of the most common forms of arrhythmia. Around 0.4% of the general population is suffering from atrial fibrillation.
Due to atrial fibrillation, your heart can't pump properly, leading to the formation of blood clots. If it travels to the brain and gets clogged in the artery supplying blood to the brain, this blood clot can result in a stroke. Atrial fibrillation is also found to be associated with an increased risk of heart failure or other heart diseases. These conditions, if ignored, can be lethal.
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Patients suffering from arrhythmia/atrial fibrillation often don't experience any symptoms. However, if you have any symptoms they may include:
● Tightness, pain or pounding in the chest
● Difficulty in breathing
● Excessive sweating
● Blurred vision
Atrial fibrillation can be of the following types:
Occasional - Its symptoms may come and go and mostly last for a few minutes to an hour.
Persistent - Here the symptoms don't go on their own and proper treatment is required.
Long-Standing Persistent - This type of atrial fibrillation lasts for more than 12 months.
Permanent- Here the irregular heartbeat can't be controlled easily. More often medications are required to restore the rapid heartbeat.
Following health conditions or diseases can lead to arrhythmia/ atrial fibrillation:
● Heart disease
● Heart attack
● Congenital heart defect
● Improper electrolyte balance
● Heart injury or change in the heart structure
● High fever
● High blood pressure
● Lung diseases
● Certain medications
● Alcohol and drug abuse
● Caffeine intake
● Lack of physical activity
● Unhealthy diet
● Sleeping issues
● Heart surgery
Stroke and heart failure are the two most common and lethal complications of arrhythmia or atrial fibrillation. An irregular heartbeat can lead to the accumulation of blood in the heart chambers leading to the formation of blood clots.
When traveling to your brain, these blood clots can result in stroke, which may damage your brain and be life-threatening. In addition, irregular and unsynchronized heartbeats can restrict the blood flow to the heart. If your heart beats too fast or too slow, it can weaken your heart, leading to heart failure.
Arrhythmias are often linked with dementia, cardiac arrest, or other health complications that can't be noticed sometimes.
Based on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause, treatment of arrhythmia/atrial fibrillation is decided. The most commonly used treatment methods include medications, invasive therapies and surgery.
Your doctor can prescribe following medicines to control your irregular heartbeat:
Most antiarrhythmic medications come in the form of pills, but a few are given through IV. Medications like amiodarone, procainamide, propafenone, quinine, etc. are prescribed to treat fast heartbeat. These medicines help restore the normal heartbeat by managing the electrical impulses that coordinate with your heartbeats.
Calcium Channel Blockers
Drugs like amlodipine, diltiazem, etc. are often prescribed to dilate your blood vessels, thereby allowing the blood to flow easily thus reducing chest pain and high blood pressure associated with arrhythmia.
However, pills like cenforce 200 interact with these medicines and can worsen the condition. In addition, Cenforce 200
when taken along with these pills can cause a sudden lowering of your blood pressure.
Cenforce 200 is a PDE5 inhibitor that works by relaxing the blood vessels supplying blood to the penis. This, in turn, leads to the excessive lowering of blood pressure when consumed along with medicines used to dilate the blood vessels. Due to this, cenforce 200 results in dizziness and fatigue.
Hence consult your doctor before combining cenforce 200 with any other such medications.
Beta-blockers like atenolol, metoprolol, etc. are also found to be effective in slowing your heart rate.
Following are the two most common types of invasive therapies used in the treatment of arrhythmia/atrial fibrillation:
It provides an electrical shock to your chest wall which aids in regaining the normal rhythm of your heart and makes the heartbeat synchronized.
During this process, energy is applied to the tiny parts of your heart muscles through a catheter, which promotes the normal conduction of electrical impulses, making the heartbeats synchronized.
In extreme cases, when medications or invasive therapies don't work, your doctor may go for implantation of a pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) or heart surgery.
Prevention And Management
The symptoms of arrhythmia/atrial fibrillation can be overcome and the risk of the complications can be reduced by adopting the following lifestyle changes:
● Quit smoking
● Limit your alcohol consumption
● Cut back your caffeine intake
● Be cautious while using stimulants like cough and cold medications and herbal or nutritional supplements.
● Remain physically active
● Reduce excess body weight
● Take a heart-healthy diet
● Manage your blood pressure and cholesterol
Frequently arrhythmias are often gone undiagnosed and untreated. Almost all forms of arrhythmia are harmless and most people may experience at least an episode of atrial fibrillation or any other form of arrhythmia at some point in their lifetime. However, if left unattended and persisted for a long time, arrhythmia can lead to some life-threatening situations like stroke and heart failure that need special medical assistance.