NEW YORK, NY.-
Sonny Osborne, the banjo player and singer who, with his older brother, Bobby, led one of the most innovative and beloved bands in bluegrass music, died Sunday at his home in nearby Hendersonville, Tennessee. He was 83.
His death, after a series of strokes, was confirmed by his friend and protege Lincoln Hensley.
Best known for their 1967 hit Rocky Top, the Osborne Brothers pioneered a style of three-part harmony singing in which Bobby Osborne sang tenor melodies pitched above the trios other two voices, instead of between them, as was the custom in bluegrass. Sonny Osborne sang the baritone harmonies, with various second tenors over the years adding a third layer of harmony to round out the bright, lyrical blend that became the groups calling card.
The Osbornes broke further with bluegrass convention by augmenting Sonny Osbornes driving yet richly melodic banjo playing and his brothers jazz-inspired mandolin work with string sections, drums and pedal steel guitar. They were also the first bluegrass group to record with twin banjos and, more alarming to bluegrass purists, to add electric pickups to their instruments, abandoning the long-standing practice of huddling around a single microphone.
Addressing the groups critics in a 2000 interview with the music magazine No Depression, Sonny Osborne recalled the allegations of betrayal that were leveled against the band for going electric censure redolent of that heaped on Bob Dylan for appearing with an electric band at the Newport Folk Festival in 1965.
They thought, Oh, theyve changed, they did this, they did that, theyve changed well, we didnt, Sonny Osborne insisted. We played the same things we normally played. We just added this stuff all around us.
Despite or perhaps because of their unorthodox approach, the Osbornes emerged as one of the few bluegrass bands of the 1950s and 60s to consistently place recordings on the country charts. In 1971, they were named vocal group of the year by the Country Music Association, a rare distinction for a bluegrass ensemble.
The Osbornes repertoire was as expansive as their sonic palette, encompassing Old Kentucky Home, by Randy Newman, and Midnight Flyer, a song written by Paul Craft (who also wrote the 1976 Bobby Bare hit, Dropkick Me, Jesus) and popularized by the Eagles shortly after the Osbornes recorded it in the early 70s.
In 1968, they released Yesterday, Today & the Osborne Brothers, an album that connected bluegrass' past with its future, broadening the idioms vocabulary while serving as a harbinger of intrepid inheritors like Newgrass Revival and Alison Krauss & Union Station.
The first side of the original LP consisted of traditional fare associated with bluegrass patriarch Bill Monroe. The second side was steeped in material arranged in a more contemporary vein, including Rocky Top, a song written by the husband-and-wife team of Boudleaux and Felice Bryant (best known for their Everly Brothers hits).
A Top 40 country hit spurred by hurtling instrumental solos by both Osborne brothers, Rocky Top was later adopted as an official song by the state of Tennessee. Like Tennessee Hound Dog, another Top 40 country hit written for the Osbornes by the Bryants, Rocky Top was an unabashed paean to the mountain culture of the brothers childhood: Rocky Top, youll always be/ Home sweet home to me/ Good ol Rocky Top/ Rocky Top, Tennessee/ Rocky Top, Tennessee.
Sonny Osborne was born Oct. 29, 1937, in Thousandsticks, an Appalachian enclave near Hyden, Kentucky, where he and his brother grew up. Their parents, Robert and Daisy (Dixon) Osborne, were schoolteachers; their father supplemented the family income by working in his parents general store.
Sonny Osborne took up the banjo at 11, after the family had moved to Dayton, Ohio. He and his brother started their own band in 1953, while Sonny Osborne, still in high school, also played briefly with Bill Monroe. In 1954 the brothers made a half-dozen recordings with flamboyant bluegrass bandleader Jimmy Martin.
We didnt want to be farmers, Sonny Osborne said in his No Depression interview. Music was the only thing we wanted to do, thats it.
The Osbornes joined the WWVA Jamboree in Wheeling, West Virginia, in 1956 and remained there for the rest of the decade. Among their most acclaimed recordings from this period were Ruby, Are You Mad?, a barnburner, featuring both Osborne brothers on banjo, written by old-timey singer Cousin Emmy (aka Cynthia May Carver), and Once More, an old-fashioned love song. Both were released by MGM Records in the late 1950s and credited to the Osborne Brothers and Red Allen, who was featured on tenor vocals and acoustic guitar in early incarnations of the group.
The Osbornes became the first bluegrass band to perform on a college campus, appearing in 1960 at Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, before taking their Appalachian folk music to places in the northeast like New York University and Club 47 in Boston.
The Osbornes signed with the Nashville division of Decca Records, then headed by celebrated producer Owen Bradley, in 1963. A year later they joined the Grand Ole Opry. They also began bucking bluegrass tradition in earnest by, among other things, supplementing their performances with drums and dobro.
The Osbornes recorded extensively for Decca (which later became MCA) before they left the label in 1974, disappointed over not having had more than middling success on country radio. A return to a more traditional approach rejuvenated their career, securing their reputation over the next three decades as bluegrass elders alongside giants like Flatt & Scruggs, Monroe and the Stanley Brothers. They were inducted into the International Bluegrass Music Associations Hall of Fame in 1994.
Sonny Osborne retired from performing in 2005 after suffering a shoulder injury. He nevertheless remained active in bluegrass circles by promoting his own line of banjos and writing Ask Sonny Anything, a weekly column for Bluegrass Today that brimmed with the same energy and wit he had once flashed onstage.
In addition to his brother, Sonny Osborne is survived by his wife of 63 years, Judy Wachter Osborne; his sister, Louise Williams; a son, Steven; a daughter, Karen Davenport; two grandchildren; and three great-grandchildren.
In 1965, Sonny Osborne began experimenting with a special tuning that gave his banjo a timbre redolent of that of an electric instrument, or even at times of horns or a steel guitar. What he discovered, fed by his omnivorous taste in music, did more than shape his approach to banjo-playing, which became more wide-ranging; it also shaped the sonic directions the Osbornes would take for the remainder of the decade and beyond.
The notes themselves came from constant listening to every other kind of music that you can imagine, Sonny Osborne explained in 2000. Steel guitars and electric guitars, horns, saxophone, trumpet, piano if you listened to all that stuff, if you were to be a huge fan of the kind of music that I listened to, youd hear a little bit of everything in there.
Theres some of everybody in the notes that I played, but when you put them on the banjo, then its a whole different ballgame.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times