HUMLEBĂK.- Louisiana Museum of Modern Art
opened the exhibition MAGNUMB by the American artist Arthur Jafa. Two and a half years in the planning, the exhibition is the biggest presentation of Jafas art to date. All of Jafas work deals with the great and original creative power of Black American culture, as opposed to the harsh reality of Black American life.
Arthur Jafa is widely considered one of the most important artists working today. Over a long career, he has moved in and out of the worlds of film, music and art without ever making a permanent home in one. No matter where he has been, he has always been driven by the ambition to create or develop a Black American cinema with the power, beauty, and alienation of black music. Bound up with this ambition is Jafas lifelong interest in the specificity of Black American culture what it excels at, such as music, and what it grows out of.
BEAUTY AND HORROR
The history of American slavery, with its continual, unrelenting repercussions, violence and oppression, both concretely and structurally, is a particularly defining factor for the artist. In his work, we see constant juxtapositions of beauty and horror. Beauty coming out of, and fed by, horror.
For the artist, the two phenomena are inextricably linked and rife with conundrums and complexity, as he puts it in his text My Black Death: The central conundrum of black being (the double bind of our ontological existence) lies in the fact that common misery both defines and limits who we are. Such that our efforts to eliminate those forces which constrain also functions to dissipate much which gives us our specificity, our uniqueness, our flavor by destroying the binds that define we will cease to be, but this is the good death (boa morte) to be embraced.
CUTTING AND PASTING
Since childhood, Jafa has cultivated an obsession with cutting pictures out of books and magazines and pasting them into new constellations in his own picture books. This remains the starting point for his work. Jafa presents us with a volume of ready made material combined to create new meaning in films, photographs and installations. Much of his material is sourced from popular culture, news footage and home videos online. The artists favourite resource is YouTube.
INTRODUCING KEY WORKS IN THE EXHIBITION:
The exhibition features Jafas key filmic works, including a new video work made specifically for this exhibition, alongside a large number of works in other media, several of which were also made for the occasion. For Louisiana, Jafas work is an obvious continuation of the American tradition of Pop art, with its fascination with pop culture and social criticism. Pop art is a cornerstone of the museums collection, with names like Warhol, Rauschenberg, Fahlstr÷m and Kogelnik.
LOVE IS THE MESSAGE, THE MESSAGE IS DEATH
Running seven and a half minutes, this film bombards us with found images to the sound of Kanye Wests song Ultralight Beam. Images of everyday life of genius, horror and resistance, glorious, pedestrian and violent alike. Barack Obama singing Amazing Grace in church. A father showing his son how the police treat people like them. Serena Williams dancing. Ordinary people dancing. Walter Scott being shot in the back by a police officer. Little kids leaving a car with their hands in the air. Police and protestors clashing. A woman twerking. Finally, we see the sun shining, an image of power and majesty.
This film consists largely of footage from Black American churches, featuring sermons and gospel music. In one sequence, Jafa leaves the church behind and shows us news footage of California wildfires, a world in flames. The title refers to a millennialist term, A kingdom cometh as. Deliberately misspelled by Jafa, the term refers to the End Times and the ascent of believers into heaven. This work portrays a hearth of Black American culture of music, critical thinking, the civil rights movement and community.
THE WHITE ALBUM
As the title implies, whiteness is the theme of this film. Again, we are presented with an array of found footage revolving around the nature of white privilege and white supremacy. From white fundamentalists like Dylann Roof, who murdered nine African Americans, to a nerdy guy dancing to Bon Jovi and white people who Jafa personally knows and tenderly portrays. Jafas work reveals some of the worst aspects of whiteness, but clearly distinguishes between being white and actively performing and asserting ones whiteness, whether as violence, ignorance or something else.
Made specifically for this exhibition, this film represents a development of Jafas visual language. Unlike his other films, this one is not based on found images but was made with the help of computer animation. An ocean is seen, liquid and massive, frightening and beautiful at once. The sea, a central theme for descendants of enslaved people, represents the distance between a lost African origin and present-day life. While the approach is new, the work is closely related to Jafas other films in revealing the intimate link between the best and the worst of Black American culture.
Here, Jafa has used one of the most famous photographs in the history of American slavery: Gordon, a formerly enslaved person, displays his mutilated back with great dignity, even grace.
The photo was made in 1863 after he escaped from a plantation in the state of Louisiana. Obsessed with this photo since he was a teenager, Jafa has given the two dimensional photo a body as a three-dimensional wall sculpture. Through Jafas digital manipulation, the whipping scars morph into dark waves down Gordons back.
I DONT CARE ABOUT YOUR PAST, I JUST WANT OUR LOVE TO LAST
The title of this wallpaper is taken from the James Brown song Cold Sweat. On one side, it shows a lynching scene with two young Black men hanging from a lamppost and a third lying dead on the ground. Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson and Isaac McGhie were lynched on 15 June 1920 in Duluth, Minnesota. Surrounding them, a crowd of white people in their Sunday best smile at the camera. The other side of the wallpaper shows a group of young men, who could be gang members, posing with guns. The work embodies Jafas lifelong practice of combining found images to create new meaning.
PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE
This wallpaper shows a group of children at the Whittier Primary School in Virginia, 1899. They are reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, which originally stated, I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. The pledge was later amended to include the words under God. The children hail the flag with what was known as the Bellamy salute. During World War II, this salute, because of its association with Nazism, became so fraught that it was eventually dropped. Jafa presents the photograph as is, with all its inherent tension.
BIG WHEEL II
This sculpture is made of a giant two-and-a-half-metre tall rubber tyre of the kind used in mining machinery. The wheel is wrapped in chains and features a hubcap of welded-together steel pieces. Jafa says,[During slavery] Black people in the Americas were machines. The hubcap resembles the ocean in AJBDQwave and the back of Ex Slave Gordon. Big Wheel II ties the Black body to slavery, coercion and mutilation. Like Gordons back, the wheels chain and the scars on the hubcap seem to take on an air of decoration, even beauty.
AN ORAL SOUTHERN STORYTELLER
Arthur Jafa, who recently turned 60, has always no matter where he was in his career participated in talks and panels and given numerous lectures. His closest friend, the writer and musician Greg Tate, describes Jafa at the core [
] as an oral Southern storyteller.
As Jafa puts it, his talks for a long period were surrogates for works he did not do or was unable to do. Jafas talks extend his other practices and, like them, centre on his interest in the existential conditions of Black American culture. The talks are an important supplement to his art, and vice versa.