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|Practicing architecture in a pandemic|
The exterior of the Shed in Hudson Yards in New York, March 18, 2019. A year after opening the Shed, Elizabeth Diller is trying to adjust to a world in which she and colleagues can no longer kick around ideas in person. Vincent Tullo/The New York Times.
by Robin Pogrebin
NEW YORK (NYT NEWS SERVICE).- Architect Elizabeth Diller typically works with pen on paper, bringing sketches to her West 26th Street studio, where she and her team at Diller Scofidio + Renfro puzzle over how best to realize those plans.
Since that kind of in-person brainstorming is no longer possible, Diller and the firm she leads with her husband, Ricardo Scofidio, Charles Renfro and Ben Gilmartin is taking a crash course in what it means to practice architecture in a pandemic, without being able to communicate or collaborate in the presence of colleagues.
Usually we work, we draw, we look in each others eyes, we argue, we throw things around the room, we make models and break them apart, and somehow stuff gets made, said Diller, who has been working from the couples weekend home in upstate New York.
With this platform, its very sanitized, you have to be very organized, she continued. Were sending each other drawings and sketches, were responding through digital means and then having virtual meetings. Communication is slower. But were working harder. Were figuring it out.
Like every profession, architecture is trying to find its way in the quarantined world. The pandemic has forced clients to delay some projects and jettison others. While certain types of construction have been deemed essential, other ventures are frozen. Demand for design services in April saw its steepest month-to-month decline on record, according to an index from the American Institute of Architects.
I hope that our discipline is still vital at the end of this, Diller said. I think it will be.
The Diller operation is in a stronger position than many, having solidified its reputation as one of the go-to architecture firms in the world. Ever since designing its widely acclaimed Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston in 2006 and the redevelopment of Lincoln Center in New York, completed in 2012, Diller Scofidio + Renfro has been tapped for major commissions like the High Line park on the west side of Manhattan (2009-2019) and the Broad Museum in Los Angeles (2015).
Diller herself has been named one of Times 100 Most Influential People, and she won a MacArthur genius grant with her husband. Two years ago, she created, directed and produced The Mile-Long Opera, a large-scale choral work staged on the High Line.
So this moment should have been a victory lap a chance to celebrate the anniversary of the Shed, the new arts center Diller not only designed but also helped conceive, and to welcome crowds to the studios redesign of the Museum of Modern Art, which reopened in October 2019.
Instead, both are temporarily closed. And Deep Blue Sea at the Park Avenue Armory, a new work by Bill T. Jones for which Diller and Peter Nigrini designed the visual environment, was canceled before its premiere.
The firm, which laid off or furloughed 10% of its 110-person staff, is trying to keep moving forward on projects, despite inevitable setbacks brought on by the coronavirus.
The United States Olympic & Paralympic Museum at the base of the Rocky Mountains in Colorado Springs, Colorado, was to be ready for ribbon-cutting this month. Now the buildings opening date is yet to be determined.
Diller Scofidio + Renfro is also rethinking projects for clients who are newly sensitive to the needs of social distancing. The University of Toronto, for which the firm is designing an interdisciplinary center, is now prioritizing sufficient public space in and around shared facilities, said Bo Liu, an intermediate architect at the firm.
Other projects in the early stages are on pause, among them the restoration of the Kalita Humphreys Theater in Dallas, originally designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. MITs new school of architecture and planning only recently resumed.
But those further along have managed to continue, including the London Center for Music, a permanent home for the London Symphony Orchestra, and a new Collection and Research Center for the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.
In working on the V & A project which involves putting on view thousands of objects now in storage Diller immersed herself in the museums holdings. She is as much a curator as she is an architect; she gets really excited by the collection, said Tim Reeve, the deputy director and chief operating officer of the V & A. She is very laid back, but at the same time very passionate about what shes doing and uncompromising.
Though Diller, 65, comes across as calm and low-key, her propulsive career speaks to her ambition and tenacity. It isnt easy for women to advance in the field of architecture and few have managed to achieve a position of power. Although she shares top billing with her partners and started as her husbands student Diller is the face of her firm.
Scofidio, 85, said he defers to Dillers ability to clearly articulate what we should be doing and why we should be doing it, adding, Im more the silent partner.
While known for her intellectual rigor she has long taught architecture at Princeton Diller is also clearly adept at navigating the internal politics that often accompany major public projects. She has managed the egos and temperaments of demanding and sometimes difficult clients like philanthropist Eli Broad; the MoMA board; and the constituent groups that comprise Lincoln Center.
Indefatigable, said Reynold Levy, the former president of Lincoln Center, in describing Diller. Architect and designer David Rockwell, who worked with her on the Shed, used the word relentless.
Glenn D. Lowry, MoMAs director, said Diller pushed the museum to take risks in creating new spaces for artists and the public, like a soaring projects room with a second-floor overlook. She does not give up, he said.
If there was any proof of Dillers mental toughness, it was in the way she weathered the attacks brought on by her settling on a design for the MoMA expansion that called for demolishing the American Folk Art Museum, designed by architects Tod Williams and Billie Tsien (damaging their longtime friendship).
The sense that Diller betrayed her compatriots still lingers among some architects. (Robert A.M. Stern, then dean of Yales School of Architecture, pronounced himself very disappointed.) And the resulting new MoMA has not been uniformly well-received (Michael Kimmelman, architecture critic for The New York Times, called it smart, surgical, sprawling and slightly soulless.)
In the profession of architecture you have to have thick skin, said Gilmartin, who joined the firm in 2004 and became a partner in 2015. She needs to be able to stand up and be a voice thats heard and can command consensus in a room full of men who are generally inclined to be skeptical.
Dillers intensity permeates her practice. Sit next to the architect (dressed in her signature black) while she presents a project if you can get time on her jammed calendar and its as if she were talking about one of her kids. Perhaps because Diller and Scofidio do not have children, boundaries between office and home dont seem to exist. Diller travels constantly and works at all hours (she emailed her response to one question for this article at 4:10 a.m.).
She brought that singular focus to her epic opera on the High Line, seeking to present a creative contemplation on gentrification. She was turned down by several performing arts institutions that deemed the project too big, expensive and risky, particularly since Diller is not an opera producer or director.
So she independently raised the money, produced and co-directed the work (composed by David Lang with lyrics by Anne Carson and Claudia Rankine), which ultimately included 1,000 singers from various choirs, and 250 professional singers.
It was a logistical nightmare and one of the hardest things Ive ever done, Diller said, but it was one of the most satisfying things Ive ever done, seeing thousands of New Yorkers every night for seven nights, promenading through the park at their chosen pace, leaning in to hear the words of hundreds of individual voices in unusually intimate proximity between strangers, almost unthinkable since COVID-19.
The pandemic is a challenge of another order. Among the projects Diller hopes will stay on track are the University of Chicagos David M. Rubenstein Forum for intellectual exchange, with occupancy scheduled for September, and a new home for the Columbia Business School in upper Manhattan, where construction work has been deemed essential.
Universities are fairly well-endowed, Diller said. The cultural projects are the ones that are the most fragile.
Juilliard is still planning to welcome the first class to its new campus in Tianjian, China, in September. Although the firm is currently barred from China because of quarantine restrictions, the architects are trying to find a way to return.
I give them credit, said Joseph W. Polisi, Juilliards chief China officer. Theyre going back into the fight.
Perhaps most essentially, the firm is having to change the creative process itself. Our studio is quite intimate, Diller said. Of course something is lost. Its the grimace on someones face, its the eye popping out of someones head, its the nuance and the gesture.
Diller has also grown more keenly aware of the generational divide. Working on the computer comes naturally to younger staff members, whereas she and her fellow partners are used to thinking through drawing, Diller said. Thats the direct route from an idea in your brain to a spatial proposition.
Nevertheless, she is now learning online formats, like Apple Pencil, though she finds the process less efficient. Were getting printers and scanners and lots and lots of paper, she said, and figuring out how to supplement the digital means so we can still easily draw.
Id love to see the end of this and things getting back to normal, Diller said, adding of this moments larger sense of the unknown, Were in the dark together.
At the same time, the strain of this period has not made her question a bedrock faith in the importance of the built environment and the power of design. Nothing changes my belief in elevating architecture to the status of an art form, Diller said. Nothing has changed about that.
© 2020 The New York Times Company
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