Cloning musical heritage in the key of 3D

The First Art Newspaper on the Net    Established in 1996 Thursday, April 18, 2024

Cloning musical heritage in the key of 3D
Musician Mina Jang plays the 3D-printing replica of a wooden transverse flute at the music lab of the Music Museum ("Musee de la Musique") at the Philarmonie in Paris on January 17, 2020. The 3D-printing technique is used for the first-time by a Museum in a research-oriented perspective. Philippe LOPEZ / AFP.

by Rana Moussaoui

PARIS (AFP).- When Mina Jang played the same melodious tune on two different flutes behind a screen, she said the examiners grading her couldn't tell the difference.

Yet the two instruments were made in dramatically different ways.

One was a handmade version of an original early 18th-century flute crafted in 2001, while the other was made of white plastic and "cloned" using a 3D printer in 2019.

The Museum of Music in Paris, whose collection includes a 2,500-year-old flute made of a vulture bone, has recently begun experimenting with the technique in an effort to better preserve period instruments.

"The idea was to find out how to rapidly obtain a copy of an instrument whilst respecting the original flute," said the 35-year-old professional flautist and researcher in baroque music, who initiated the idea.

Before being printed, the carefully copied 18th-century flute was x-rayed to identify its precise characteristics.

The original it was based on was made by the celebrated French composer and instrument maker Jacques-Martin Hotteterre and is today preserved behind glass at the museum.

Musical time travel
3D printing has advantages over handmade instruments, taking just 24 hours to make, compared to a month in a workshop, and costing hundreds instead of thousands of euros.

But Stephane Vaiedelich, in charge of the museum's laboratory which worked with other partners on the project too, says the move is purely about conserving musical heritage.

"3D printing isn't about replacing instrument makers," he told AFP.

"The idea is to recreate a historical instrument so that the public can appreciate its sound and to revive an important heritage.

"It's an extraordinary way of travelling through time and recapturing old repertoires," he said, adding that a second flute had also been cloned.

While 3D printing has become increasingly popular in different sectors over the last 20 years, including for reproducing instruments, Vaiedelich said the museum believed it was the first to experiment with the 3D reproduction of old instruments, using a scientific approach.

A few orchestras play using original instruments from the period, such as the French group Les Siecles (The Centuries), but wind instruments struggle to withstand humidity.

"It expands wood and can break" the instruments, Vaiedelich said.

The museum chose to copy a transverse flute, precisely because -- unlike an oboe -- most of the musician's breath passes outside the instrument.

"The material has less of an impact on the timbre," Vaiedelich said.

Using plastic for the 3D reproduced instruments also raises environmental issues. Vaiedelich said the ideal would be to print using recycled materials.

Fanny Reyre Menard, vice-president of the trade union grouping together makers and repairers of instruments, said the material used was the only downside.

"For craftsmen, plastic cannot be compared to wood," she said.

"A wooden sound box is fundamental for a violin."

On the whole though, Menard said that 3D printing presented an opportunity.

"It's not a danger, but rather a very good tool for sharing information and prototypes between craftsmen," she said.

Instruments sometimes need to be customised for musicians with different needs.

"Some parts are improved when adapted, for example chin rests for violins or mouthpieces on wind instruments," said Menard.

"If I find a form that interests me, I send a file to a colleague and he prints it. It's great."

© Agence France-Presse

Today's News

February 3, 2020

Claremont Rug Company Names 50 Best "High-End" Antique Oriental Rugs Sold in 2019

Exhibition of new sculptural works by Robert Irwin on view at Pace Gallery

Albertina Museum opens an exhibition of works by Wilhelm Leibl

TEFAF Maastricht announces art patronage is the focus of the 2020 Art Market Report

New discoveries in Iraq to be presented alongside British Museum objects for the first time in new exhibition

Andy Gill, radical guitarist with Gang of Four, dies at 64

Roland Gebhardt debuts new Minimalist work at David Richard Gallery, New York

Pace announces representation of Torkwase Dyson

Fight for survival: Photographer Claudia Andujar defends Brazil's Yanomami

Cloning musical heritage in the key of 3D

Peter Serkin, 72, dies; Pianist with pedigree who forged a new path

Hauser & Wirth opens a focused presentation of over 60 landscape photographs by Don McCullin

Convent on a hill to become a luxurious getaway for history buffs

Monique Van Vooren, actress with a diverse résumé, dies at 92

MAGASIN des Horizons opens solo exhibitions of works by Minia Biabiany and Álvaro Barrios

Modernist jewelry, American paintings, and fine silver: Michaan's February Gallery Auction

Daniel Zimmermann's first retrospective opens at Kunsthaus Pasquart

WIELS opens an exhibition of works by Thao Nguyen Phan

Haus der Kunst presents two new art works in experimental format

Kristen Lorello opens a solo exhibition of new works on paper by Takuji Hamanaka

Showbiz apes find peace through painting in Florida retirement

Victoria Miro exhibits Doppelgänger, a video installation by Stan Douglas

Carpenters Workshop Gallery opens an exhibition of works by Martin Laforêt

Conservation students assist museum with research on North Bersted Man for major exhibition

Steidl publishes Anastasia Samoylova's 'FloodZone'

Say Yes: 8 Things to Consider when Hiring a Wedding Photographer

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

sa gaming free credit
Truck Accident Attorneys
Accident Attorneys

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. Hommage
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site Parroquia Natividad del Señor
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful