For centuries, Bergen, one of the largest port cities in Scandinavia, was a thriving hub of global commerce, with a burgeoning export of fish, timber and fur. That trade in turn spurred the development of a uniquely Norwegian approach to a timeless craft: gold and silver smithing. The exhibition Crowning the North: Silver Treasures from Bergen, Norway explores the art of the Bergen silversmiths from the 16th to early 20th centuries, and examines the evolution of the craft against the backdrop of greater political, social, and economic change in Norway and other parts of the world.
Some 200 objects from spoons, tankards, sugar bowls and salt cellars to elaborate ceremonial wedding crowns and fantastical vessels are on exclusive loan to the U.S. from public and private Norwegian collections.
Crowning the North: Silver Treasures from Bergen, Norway now on view at MFAH
, began on February 11, and will continue through May 5, 2024. The exhibition is comprised of objects from Kode Bergen Art Museum, The Bergen University Museum, and the private collection of Norwegian collector Christen Sveaas.
This presentation of objects from three prestigious Norwegian collections of art, craft and design is an exceptional opportunity to discover Nordic history and esthetics across centuries and across the intersecting forces of global trade, taste and fashion, commented Gary Tinterow, director and Margaret Alkek Williams Chair, the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. We are pleased to collaborate with the Kode Bergen Art Museum in bringing these remarkable objects to Houston, where they will be seen by U.S. audiences for the first time.
By the 16th century, Bergen had become a critically important global economic center in the trade of grain and salts for lumber and stock fish from the North. At the time ruled by Denmark, Bergen and its commerce operated under the jurisdiction of the Hanseatic League, a confederation of merchant guilds and market towns across central and northern Europe established by German traders in the 13th century. The Leagues dominant global exchange network brought together two factors that fostered what would become a unique artistic heritage in Bergen: the availability of enormous quantities of silver mined from the Spanish Americas, and an influx of immigrants and their craft traditions from Germany and other European countries.
Bergen goldsmiths formed their own Goldsmiths Guild in 1568. The goldsmith tradition that evolved in the city allowed goldsmith workshops, led by both men and women, to craft a range of decorative and functional objects of extraordinary quality. Bergen goldsmiths sensibilities in the 16th century reflected the Renaissance and, later, Baroque styles of the time. Over the course of the 18th century, the influx of global commodities like tobacco and coffee from European colonies inspired goldsmiths to craft elegant objects for daily use to meet consumer demand. By the 19th century, with the excavations of three Viking ships and agitation for independence from Sweden, a growing sense of revivalism in art, literature and popular culture inspired Norways goldsmiths to create fantastical objects harkening back to the Viking and Medieval era. For centuries, with no banking system in place until 1816 following Norways union with Sweden in 1814, these silver and gold items spoons, tankards, sugar bowls and salt cellars, along with ceremonial objects such as brides wedding crowns also functioned as a means of building personal wealth.
The exhibition highlights the work of several of Bergens legendary master goldsmiths. Jan Reimers (ca. 1610-1670) established a family dynasty that would impact the craft for generations. His magnificent Welcome Cup for the Bergen Bakers Guild (1661) demonstrates a masterful fusion of the Renaissance and Baroque styles, highlighting the importance of craft guilds within the city power structure. A pair of exuberant candelabra by the famed goldsmith Jens Kahrs (1712-1781) reflects a masterful execution of the Rococo style. Marius Hammer (1847-1927) is known primarily for his popular enameled objects, which were broadly exported. His pair of whimsical plique-à-jour enamel Dragon Boat bowls, modeled after a Viking longship, was produced for the growing tourist market in Norway. Unique to the exhibition are several extravagant bridal crowns. These ornamental crowns originated in the late Middle Ages and were often kept by the village church to lend to generations of brides for the wedding day.
Kode Bergen Art Museum, is one of the largest museums for art, crafts, design and music in the Nordic region. Kode offers a unique combination of art museums and composers homes, showcasing contemporary art, historical collections, concerts and parklands. The museum stewards over 50,000 objects, including paintings, works on paper, sculptures, installations, videos, musical instruments, furniture, textile, ceramics, glass and metal. These objects can be experienced in four different neighboring art museums in the heart of Bergen and the three beautifully located homes of the composers Ole Bull, Harald Sæverud and Edvard Grieg.