The world loves corridos tumbados. In Mexico, it's complicated.
The First Art Newspaper on the Net    Established in 1996 Tuesday, July 16, 2024


The world loves corridos tumbados. In Mexico, it's complicated.
Peso Pluma, the first Mexican artist to perform on the MTV Video Music Awards, at the Hard Rock Hotel in New York, Sept. 22, 2023. Inspired by a century-old genre from the Mexican countryside, the latest pop music phenomenon is drawing thousands of young fans — and criticism for its violent references. (Josefina Santos/The New York Times)

by Elda Cantú



MEXICO CITY.- In many Mexican towns where wars between drug cartels continue to wreak havoc, the sight of a young man at night dressed in black and donning a balaclava would be terrifying. On a recent Saturday in Mexico City, Peso Pluma strutted across the stage in the same outfit, to excited cheers: It was time for the corrido tumbado concert.

The 24-year-old breakout star, who makes a modern take on traditional Mexican music, wore a glamorous Fendi version of a sicario (or hit man) uniform. He faced a stadium full of fans and shouted, “Are you ready to witness the most warlike concert of your life?”

The crowd roared back: It was ready. Later, during “El Gavilán,” the audience sang in unison, “I’m of the people of Chapo Guzmán,” a reference to one of Mexico’s most notorious drug lords.

Peso Pluma — along with acts like Natanael Cano, Grupo Firme, Eslabon Armado and Banda MS — is at the forefront of a musical movement that has found growing audiences this year in the United States and beyond. The artists perform corridos tumbados (or trap corridos), which combine singing and rapping familiar to fans of hip-hop and reggaeton with instrumentation and melodies common to traditional Mexican music, along with lyrics inspired by narcocorridos — songs that tell stories of the drug trade.

But even as Peso Pluma racks up millions of streams and Grupo Firme tours arenas in the United States, these artists often find themselves in contested territory at home, where the drug war isn’t a dramatic fantasy but a bloody daily reality.

“They are striking a nerve of Mexican culture,” said Camilo Lara, 48, a music producer, composer and former label executive with extensive film credits. He cited how the artists have tapped into “the relationship with violence, the relationship with the street, with politics, with what’s happening with fashion,” and added, “It’s the most exciting moment in Mexican music in 20 or 30 years.”

Peso Pluma’s stadium show at Foro Sol, a venue that holds more than 60,000 people, was the last of his concerts in his home country after several cancellations over security threats. Days earlier, authorities in Tijuana had banned corridos tumbados in all public spaces, with fines of up to $70,000.

While the sounds and the faces may be fresh, these artists are heirs of a musical tradition that has long attracted controversy. In 1987, the governor of Sinaloa asked local news media to stop the broadcast of music that made reference to drug trafficking. In 2002, radio stations in the border state of Baja California agreed not to play songs that exalted narcos and asked their U.S. counterparts to do the same. In 2010, conservative Mexican lawmakers presented a bill that would have sent artists who glorified criminals to prison.

“The decision to ban these corridos tumbados is to protect the mental health of Tijuana’s children,” the city’s mayor, Montserrat Caballero Ramírez, said last month through a spokesperson. In May, Cancun banned public shows “that foster violence,” saying such events contradicted the pursuit of peace and security; Grupo Firme canceled a concert there shortly after. Two months later, Chihuahua’s City Council voted unanimously to fine public shows promoting violence.

Officials contend it is not censorship. “They can sing whatever they want,” Mexico’s president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, said this summer, “but we are not going to keep quiet when they say that ecstasy is good, that they have a .50-caliber gun and the most famous narcos are their idols.” A month later, perhaps in tacit recognition of the influence of corridos tumbados, the government released its own kind of tumbado: a song warning of the dangers of fentanyl.

The artists have pointed out that their lyrics aren’t aimed at children. “I know sometimes it’s not OK for kids to see or hear this,” Peso Pluma said in an interview, “but it’s a reality.”

The reality is also that this type of music, once very locally rooted and associated with an older generation, is attracting global attention for its catchiness and cachet. The songs are not only fixtures of radio stations in Los Angeles but are also draws for concertgoers in Lima, Peru, and Madrid and have made fans of celebrities like Mike Tyson and the band Maneskin.




“I heard it at a wedding,” said Javier Nuño, a partner at Indice, a company that has licensed Peso Pluma’s and Cano’s songs for HBO. Once you cross over into wedding DJ playlists, “you are at another level,” he added.

At Peso Pluma’s Mexico City show, kids arrived in droves — mostly teenage boys dressed in Air Jordans, oversize hoodies and outfits featuring Nike, Gucci, Fendi and Burberry logos in models, colors and materials Nike, Gucci, Fendi and Burberry have probably never manufactured. Some dared to sport Peso Pluma’s signature mullet.

Oliver Medrano, 35, said his 9-year-old, Sofía, had asked for tickets. The two gave up their seats close to the stage and watched instead from the bleachers after the girl’s mother protested. “They say the songs are too war-driven,” Medrano said. Sofía said she had become hooked on “El Belicón” (“The Belligerent”), Peso Pluma’s song about a man who boasts of owning sports cars, bazookas and Kalashnikovs.

“I was a bit worried about security,” Medrano said. But midconcert, he felt confident enough to ask the couple next to him to watch his daughter while he made a quick bathroom run.

Leonardo Manuel, 12, attended the show in a blue velour tracksuit with rhinestones arranged in the Fendi logo with his aunt, Elizabeth Rubí Cruz, who works at a jewelry store; she said there was a high demand for Cuban-style chains, thanks to the influence of Peso Pluma. Clients “like how he dresses,” she said. The pair’s favorite song? “Lady Gaga,” about a dealer hanging out with influencers (“none of them post to Instagram”), with mentions of Cartier, pink cocaine and Louis Vuitton.

The excitement and controversy surrounding the lyrical content of corridos tumbados in Mexico in many ways mirrors decades of debate in the United States over the real-life implications of rap lyrics. From N.W.A to Jay-Z and Rick Ross, many of the most popular hip-hop artists have relied on the imagery of drug kingpins for both glitz and grit. Beginning with the gangster rap of the 1980s and ’90s and continuing through the 21st-century hip-hop subgenres of trap and drill, lyrics that document — and some say glorify — the drug trade, its attendant violence and its spoils have remained a cultural and political battleground. Currently in Atlanta, music by rapper Young Thug is being used in court as evidence of his membership in a criminal street gang.

“You see these guys partying with these luxuries, and suddenly, it’s, ‘How can I get this?’ especially in this country, our country, which has some very strong social limitations,” said Graciela Flores, a professor at the Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila.

Flores, who specializes in 19th-century crime and justice in the Mexican borderlands, organized a series of events this past fall at the university focused on corridos tumbados at the behest of one of her students. She was overwhelmed by the attendance. “People were eager to talk about what they had seen” in terms of daily violence in their communities, she explained. The songs had moved people to share their experiences, something that Flores found “valuable, but at the same time very disturbing.”

This past spring, the steps of the National Auditorium in Mexico City were filled with mothers waiting while their children attended a Natanael Cano concert. Cano, 22, is recognized as a pioneer of corridos tumbados, which absorb many elements of old-fashioned corridos: nasal voices, tololoche, accordion or brass instruments, strummed guitars.

“At the beginning, I was freaked out a bit” by the lyrics, said Dolores Saldívar, 47, who sells balloons. “But now I like them.” She had paid about $120 each for her two teenage children to attend.

Juan Bosco de la Cruz Rangel, 23, the student who had urged Flores to put on the conference, said that when he and his friends started listening to tumbados, he looked up the artists online and found them relatable — skinny guys who liked to party and saw the police as hostile — to a point: “We’re literally them,” he said. “We’re their age, but without money, bands and that life.” Although he faces daily dangers, he finds songs about gangs and guns provocative and unsettling. Still, he added, he understands where the lyrics are coming from. Critics of the genre “that have never been hungry, it’s easy for them to say, ‘There’s a different way’” to make a livelihood, he said.

Bringing Cano to the stage in Mexico City, Peso Pluma proclaimed that his fellow artist had “paved a road so all of us could be here,” to wild cheers. Just a few days earlier, Peso Pluma had notched another milestone: his first ever Grammy nomination.

This article originally appeared in The New York Times.










Today's News

December 7, 2023

Miami Art Week: Zachary Balber's Uncensored Secret Performance Stills Can Finally Be Seen

He sold the world's most expensive artwork. Now he's calling it a day.

Turner Prize goes to Jesse Darling, a sculptor of mangled objects

Did the Russians take his family's Tintoretto? He's intent on finding out.

Miami has matured into a cultural capital. What's next?

This artist's muse has four legs, a tail, and barks

Asia Week New York, Zoom in on 'Unintended Consequences: An Overview of Objects of Addiction'

Christopher Paolini wanted a job involving dragons, so he created one

'Hybrid: an Interspecies Opera' comprising film narrating the cutting edge of genetic engineering at Fridman Gallery

A new management structure at Migros Museum für Gegenwartskunst

German artist Hans-Jörg Mayer's first survey exhibition at Martos Gallery in New York

Did that $4 thrift shop painting really sell for $191,000? Nope.

The Fralin Museum of Art announces Karen Elizabeth Milbourne as new J. Sanford Miller Family Director

'Superman' sketch by Andy Warhol top sale at La Belle Epoque Auction on December 2nd

Under pressure, English National Opera will move to Manchester

The world loves corridos tumbados. In Mexico, it's complicated.

Recent works by senior and emerging artists from Yirrkala in 'Sunrise People' at Bundanon

Off-Broadway, a vital part of New York theater, feels the squeeze

'Cabinet of Curiosities' winter exhibition to open at Gerald Peters Gallery tomorrow

'Byzantine Bembé: New York by Manny Vega' is artist's 1st solo museum show

'Laurie Simmons: Autofiction' artist's recent series of image-based AI works at Salon 94

Perrotin Marais in Paris now presenting 'Bauhaus Gal – Theatre' Chen Ke's first solo exhibition there

She has the attention of dance companies, and she is prepared

How to get targeted views on your channel with YouTube View Bots

Revolutionizing Spaces and Cutting-Edge Counter Table Designs

Weinstein Corp Review (weinsteincorp.com) - Learning the Fundamentals of Online Trading from a Legit Broker

Incredible Features Of Online Gambling You Can't Afford To Miss

How Will You Recognize A Reliable Online Casino Site?

Joshua Evans, Mijoshski Founder: Making Strides Towards Diversity and Representation in the Arts

Lab Diamonds for All: Making Luxury Affordable with Production Techniques

Bolivian Latin: Dorian Mendez Presents a Dynamic Genres Infused with Innovations and Cultural Diversity

Online Slots Simple to Play with Immersive Experience

Jamaican Cities & Major Towns: What To See?




Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 



Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez
Writer: Ofelia Zurbia Betancourt

Attorneys
Truck Accident Attorneys
Accident Attorneys

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org juncodelavega.com facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site Parroquia Natividad del Señor
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful