Emil Nolde's Palms was privately owned for over 60 years however, the heirs of the Jewish collector Dr. Ismar Littmann lost it through Nazi persecution in 1935. In 2023, the anniversary year of the Washington Principles, an agreement is reached through the mediation of Ketterer Kunst: The work from 1915, which is considered of seminal importance for Nolde's later gaudy watercolors, is offered in an amicable agreement with the heirs of Dr. Ismar Littmann subject to a just and fair solution.
Germanys leading auction house for art from 1900 to today is going to call it up with an estimate price of 600,000 800,000 in its Evening Sale on December 8, 2023.
Works of this quality and with such an outstanding provenance are absolute highlights on the auction market, says Robert Ketterer, auctioneer and owner of Ketterer Kunst
. The fact that this meaningful restitution case finds an end in an amicable agreement is very fortunate for the art trade. We are happy about the successful mediation and feel highly motivated to offer the work the international stage it deserves.
Palmen used to be part of the progressive collection of the Wroclaw lawyer and patron Dr. Ismar Littmann, who was driven into suicide by the Nazis in 1934. After they had seized power in 1933, the wealthy jurist and generous supporter of modern avant-garde art faced an occupational ban that drove him into suicide in 1934. His widow and their four children also suffered repressions from the Nazi regime and had to sell the art collection to raise funds for their flight.
The auction of the Littmann Collection at the Berlin auction house Max Perl in February 1935 comprised two Nolde paintings: The work Buchsbaumgarten, in 2021 returned by the Lehmbruck-Museum in Duisburg to the heirs after Ismar Littmann accompanied by international press coverage (Ketterer Kunst, Evening Sale on December 10, 2021, lot 213), and Noldes Palmen. Initially, both works became part of acclaimed Dresden collections: Buchsbaumgarten found a new home with Heinrich Arnhold, while the Palmen went into the hands of the renowned Dresden art patron and collector Ida Bienert.
She was a courageous woman open for reformatory ideas, a feminist of a new type. With a sure taste, Bienert compiled one of Dresdens most important collections of modern art. In the family villa on Würzburger Straße, where Piet Mondrian had designed the ladies room in 1925, she presented her masterpieces to her avant- garde guests. There was a continual coming and going of artists and intellectuals at the Bienerts house. In addition to French artworks by Cézanne and van Gogh, the walls were adorned by important works from Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky, Edvard Munch, Franz Marc, Lyonel Feininger and Emil Nolde. The painting Palmen remained in Bienerts family until 1962. Nolde's masterpiece came into possession of the family of its current owners through an auction at the Stuttgarter Kunstkabinett the same year.
This is the ninth time in 2023 alone that Ketterer Kunst realizes a solution for Nazi plunder in private hands
The owners proactively turned to Ketterer Kunst to attain a fair and just solution for Noldes Palmen in accordance with the Washington Principles. This is the ninth time in 2023 alone that Ketterer Kunst realizes a solution for Nazi plunder in private hands, and the fourth time for a work from the legendary collection of Dr. Ismar Littmann.
As an auction house, we are an important point agent for the clarification of works with a problematic origin in the private ownership, says Robert Ketterer. We highly value the trust private collectors put in us, and we generally negotiate an amicable settlement free of charge. The sensitive and solution-oriented handling of Nazi plunder is of enormous importance to us.
"Palmen" is a contemporary document from the eventful German history: Made by an artist sympathizing with the ideology of his time and acquired by a Jewish collector, the dramatic story finds a good ending in a fair and just solution.
ON THE WORKS ORIGIN
Back from the trip to the South Seas (1913/14), the artist made this landscape with palm trees grown crooked by the wind, which Nolde lets appear like a silhouette in backlight in front of the dramatically staged natural spectacle of a sunset that bathes the entire sky red and yellow. A strong blue mixes with the green of the palm leaves, held by twisted trunks that head in the same direction like a choreographed ballet.
This work undoubtedly marks a turning point in Nolde's work at the beginning of the First World War: the pictures from the South Seas confirmed Nolde on the artistic path he had chosen and increased his self-confidence as a free, innovative representative of modern, pure painting. This landscape shows Nolde's effort, indeed ability, to painterly reinvent the quality of the South Seas with the help of a tiny color sketch, as if he were still there, a magnificent encounter in the form of the elements of wind and earth.
The unique exotic motif already impressed the legendary art collector Ida Bienert.
With the auction at Ketterer Kunst in December, a whole new chapter will be opened for Emil Noldes masterpiece with best provenance.
Works by Emil Nolde from this creative period are very rare on the auction market, says Countess Nicola Keglevich, Senior Director at Ketterer Kunst. The fact that the important collector and patron Dr. Ismar Littmann, who was acquainted with Emil Nolde, acquired Palmen in the 1920s, testifies to the importance these pictures from the South Seas had even back then. Ismar Littmann also had oil paintings like "Buchsbaumgarten" and many watercolors by Nolde in his collection. I am convinced that this great painting with its eventful history and provenance will be met with international interest and continue on a fascinating path."
Palmen will be on public display in Frankfurt, Cologne, Hamburg, Berlin and Munich in November / December 2023, before they will be called up at Ketterer Kunst in Munich on Friday, December 8th.