NEW YORK, NY.-
Ann Roth began with a few instructions: Do NOT call me amazing. Do NOT call me a 91-year-old legend. Do NOT call me the oldest person in the Barbie movie.
I had driven four hours through a biblical downpour to interview the revered costume designer. After a hike down a dark path through the woods to an 18th-century house in Bangor, Pennsylvania, I felt as if I were opening the Narnia wardrobe and entering a whimsical fantasy world. Owls perched on rafters. Angels from Naples, Italy, dangled from the bedroom ceiling and chandeliers. A stone mantel was lined with miniature animals amid Oscars, Tonys and BAFTAs.
The enchanted cottage is a portal to one of the most imaginative minds in American culture, who has conjured memorable theater and film characters for more than half a century, from The World of Henry Orient to The World According to Garp, from Midnight Cowboy to The Morning After.
Roth was dressed in a crisp blue Orvis shirt, flowered shorts, rubber sandals (with aquamarine toenails peeking out) and an anklet that reads East Coast in an Old English typeface, a present from her grandchildren. She sports rings for earrings, including her grandmothers engagement diamond.
Roth has a pivotal scene with Margot Robbie in the Barbie movie, directed by her friend Greta Gerwig (Roth calls her Gret). When it was floated that Gerwig cut the scene, she refused, she said, because without it, I dont know what this movie is about.
When the forever-young Barbie ventures out from Barbieland and encounters Roth, who plays a woman sitting at a bus stop in Los Angeles reading a paper, the doll suddenly realizes that being human and growing old could be cool.
Youre so beautiful, Barbie tells the woman, sounding amazed.
I know it, Roth, in character, replies blithely.
The designer has been the trusted collaborator of and provocateur for a pantheon of top directors, including Mike Nichols, Nora Ephron, Steven Spielberg, Anthony Minghella, John Schlesinger, Brian De Palma, George Roy Hill, Hal Ashby, Joe Mantello, Jack OBrien, M. Night Shyamalan, Stephen Daldry, James Brooks and, early in her career, Dino De Laurentiis.
She rides shotgun with you, said OBrien, the Broadway director.
Roth points out a bedroom where her close friend Meryl Streep stays when she visits. She has conjured Streeps look in 13 movies, including Silkwood, Heartburn, Postcards From the Edge, Doubt, Julie & Julia, The Post and Mamma Mia! as well as the miniseries Angels in America. She calls her Melstrip, echoing the way she heard the name pronounced in Italy.
She is planning a road trip in Italy with Melstrip if she can find the right shoes to ease her knee pain.
Jesus Christ by Way of Cheryl Tiegs
Roth is of Quaker stock. She grew up in Pennsylvania Dutch country, where she wore a long strand of pearls to her job as a teenager at the five-and-10. After graduating in the class of 53 at Carnegie Mellon, she apprenticed with celebrated costume designer Irene Sharaff, working on Brigadoon (dyeing the mens tartans), Judy Garlands A Star Is Born and The King and I.
Sharaff warned her protégée not to pursue her dream of becoming a production designer, saying, according to Roth, Its not the place for women.
OBrien said he knew Roth was a force to be reckoned with back in 1970, when they worked on a production of The Importance of Being Earnest and she suggested adorning Miss Prism, Oscar Wildes strict spinster governess, with little scissors around her waist. So she can go snip, snip, snip, at peoples balls, OBrien said with a laugh.
Roth was doing off-Broadway shows, stealing costumes from garbage cans, when she got her Hollywood break. Zooming around Los Angeles in her white 1946 MG convertible, she started with a splash, creating the fantastic look for the 1964 Peter Sellers comedy The World of Henry Orient. In it, an affluent Manhattan teenager named Valerie Boyd telegraphs her loneliness by draping her neglectful mothers long mink coat over her plaid school uniform; Sellers Casanova concert pianist is bedecked in monogrammed handmade yellow silk pajamas. Do you think Id make polyester for anyone? Roth said with a laugh.
Since then, Roth has created innumerable iconic looks for Broadway and Hollywood: Dustin Hoffmans purple suit and Jon Voights fringed suede jacket in Midnight Cowboy; Jane Fondas sequined cocktail dress and boa as a call girl in Klute; Barbra Streisands nightie with the satin-appliqué hands cupping her breasts and heart on her pee-pee, as Roth put it, in The Owl and the Pussycat. She put Natalie Portman in a $19 pink wig for Closer.
Then theres the Jesus character in The Book of Mormon, who had lights attached to his cape to give him a sacred glow. I wanted Cheryl Tiegs in the 80s, Roth said of the look, harking back to the beatific, blond pictures of Jesus I grew up with.
As costume designer for the notorious film flop The Bonfire of the Vanities, Roth resembled an elegant pheasant on amphetamines, Julie Salamon wrote in her rollicking 1991 book, The Devils Candy.
The pheasant and I sat down to a delicious lunch of salmon, corn salad, homemade vanilla ice cream and red wine. Then we repaired to her cozy studio, rain pattering on the skylights, to look at all her sketches, photos and voluminous research books. The room is dominated by a large, beautiful Brigitte Lacombe photo of Streep, a smaller one of a smiling Nichols (I really, really miss Mike) and a photo of Streisand wearing that racy negligee.
What do you think it took to get little Barb into that? Roth said drolly about La Streisand. I dont think she thought it was hip or would make the pages of Vogue. Its hard to get actors to go for trash. Trash is one of my favorite things to do.
Roth is going through 2,000 drawings of her costumes, which she plans to donate to Carnegie Mellon when she dies. She showed me some of the famous ones, complete with swatches of material attached. Usually, they have a wineglass circle on them, she said, because Im talking with the tailor late at night.
(Most of the time, she calls me darling girl, but if I ask a question she deems stupid, she calls me birdbrain.)
Roths warehouse a few miles away has enough clothes to outfit a city, chockablock with pieces from every decade waist cinchers and fedoras and century-old football shoulder pads, and categories like Nazis, Israeli police, Mambo kings and Jesus Christ, multiples.
The designer had a symbiotic relationship with Nichols for nearly 50 years. She did six plays with him, starting with Neil Simons The Odd Couple in 1965, and 13 films, including Silkwood, Heartburn, The Birdcage and Working Girl.
The director usually took Roths advice except on one thing. He had a terrible problem with printed fabrics, she said. Mike would say: You cant have plaid. Ever.
Lets just try it, Roth recalled saying to him. If you hate it, Ill pay for it. That always gets them.
Spielberg was more docile. He said when he first met Roth, she did a presentation on how she would dress Streep and Tom Hanks as Katharine Graham and Ben Bradlee for The Post, and he was smart enough to keep his mouth shut. I said, Yes, boss, he recalled.
Attention to Detail
When Roth won the Academy Award for best costume design in 2021 for Ma Raineys Black Bottom, she was hailed as the oldest woman to ever win a competitive Oscar. It followed her win for The English Patient in 1997 remember the amazing red plaid shawl Kristin Scott Thomas wore to keep warm in the desert nights? and a Tony in 2013 for The Nance.
For Ma Rainey, Roth said, I made the behind. She endowed Viola Davis with greater curves rubber boobs underneath her boobs, as Roth put it, and a rubber bottom to match the measurements of Aretha Franklin, at Davis request.
Unlike costume designers in Hollywoods heyday, Roth is not devoted to making the top movie stars look impossibly glamorous. She talked Nicole Kidman into wearing a big latex nose to play Virginia Woolf in The Hours in 2002. I said to her, I cant honestly put a 1917 hat on your head with that nose, she recalled. I made her a nose with a nose maker in England, and it took hours every morning for them to get the damn thing on.
Scott Rudin, the films producer, backed up Roth, but Harvey Weinstein, who was financing the movie, was furious. I paid a million dollars for that girl, and no one knows who she is, Roth recalled Weinstein snapping. Rudin said that Weinstein sent an executive to London to talk Kidman out of the nose, but Rudin stationed security guards so that Weinsteins man could not get to the actress. Kidman won an Oscar for her transformation.
I dont think anybody really liked him, Roth murmured about Weinstein.
Roth performs her alchemy at the moment when actors feel most vulnerable: costume fittings when theyre in their underwear, looking in the mirror and just beginning to search for their characters. She is like a psychoanalyst, managing their insecurities to help them subsume themselves in a character.
She said her technique was to gather all kinds of stuff and stick it in the closet of the fitting room. Then I say to them, You and I are going to find this character, she said. But I, in all honesty, am not going to consult. Its too late to consult because Ive already got it behind the curtains in the closet.
Someone said to me, I dont wear yellow, she recalled. I said, Shut up. Eventually, the actors characters stare back at them in the mirror.
A Novelist Designer
Roths curiosity about everyone, whether she meets them at a gas station or a gala, is her most distinctive trait.
Streep calls her a novelist designer.
In her work in film and theater, she is a sort of writer, Streep said of her friend. Her designs are not so much costumes as an extension of the individual character she is building with an actor and director. You dont come away from her work saying, Oh, werent the costumes gorgeous? You just remember the people she has clarified for you through what they chose to put on their bodies in the morning.
She searched for just the right shade of blue for Bette Midlers caftan in her 2013 one-woman play Ill Eat You Last: A Chat With Sue Mengers.
Midler said: Usually these days you get It sort of fits. Its fine, the camera wont see your feet.
Roth has been known to go to extremes to get the look she wants. While shooting the 2012 action movie Safe, she asked a Polish construction worker in Philadelphia for his pants to put on Jason Statham, according to The Designs of Ann Roth, by Holly Poe Durbin and Bonnie Kruger.
They were old and sexy, Roth told me. (She bought the pantsed man another pair.)
During the costume fitting for Mamma Mia! Roth told Christine Baranski about Tanya, her jet-setting character: Her lifestyle was Dolce & Gabbana Vita, and she vacationed in Sardinia, Italy, and Ibiza, Spain.
Ann said Tanya was always pursuing the next fabulous thing and the next fabulous guy, but there was a bit of desperation there, Baranski recalled.
Roth worked with a nervous Nathan Lane on Noël Cowards Present Laughter on Broadway in 1982. In the play, hes an aspiring playwright whose father wants him to be a lawyer. Roth put a vintage brown suit on him while explaining, This suit was probably owned by your father, whos a lawyer. He wanted you to become a lawyer and the suit was cut down for you. (Lane called her the Meryl Streep of costume designers.)
Historically Accurate Underwear
Roth upended the Hollywood system, informing the suits about dressing the bit players, I will be doing the elevator man, she said.
In Cold Mountain, she did not just dress Kidman and Renée Zellweger; she outfitted the entire Union and Confederate armies for the scene depicting the Battle of the Crater. She took someone with her to the set to age and dye the fabrics correctly; she can give a whole dissertation on the iron as an instrument to ingrain dirt around a collar.
She also insists on historically accurate underwear. For Places in the Heart, a Depression-era story, she gave Sally Field a girdle without a crotch for Edna Spaldings going-into-town-to-ask-for-a-loan-at-the-bank look. When Field gave her a look, she told the actress, Put it on. With the proper underwear, she explained, you walk and sit a certain way. The actress won an Oscar.
Most of the time, actors are grateful to soak up Roths ideas. Ann will hand me a purse to go with a particular costume and going through its contents will inevitably reveal things to me about my character, Fonda said.
Speaking about her character in 9 to 5, Fonda recalled, A purse she gave me for Judy Bernly had food coupons in it.
Sometimes, however, movie stars cling to their image and fight Roth. Hoffman, a newly minted movie star after The Graduate, at first resisted Ratso Rizzos look in Midnight Cowboy, a green suit Roth found on 42nd Street and dyed purple, and a white jacket redolent of Ratsos pathetic emulation of Italian actor Marcello Mastroianni. She added Times Square cockroach in the corner high-tops.
In Primary Colors, John Travolta, playing Jack Stanton (based mostly on Bill Clinton in the 1992 campaign), did not want to wear what Roth had accurately planned: Department-store suits available to men in a small city in a not-prominent Southern state.
I lost that battle, Roth said with a rueful grin, noting that the actor must have gone to Nichols, the director, and said, Shes making me wear this ugly suit. Nichols told Roth, Let him have Donna Karan suits.
I will never forgive Mike for that, she said, laughing.
Before I left, I wondered which movie she considered her best work.
It was probably Jude Law and Matt Damon in The Talented Mr. Ripley, she said. That was my fashion piece.
And which was the most fun?
I have never had fun making a movie in my life except for Mamma Mia! where some guy called me and said, How would you like to go to an island with your good friend and make Mamma Mia!? She got to hang out with Streep and Baranski and drink lots of martinis. I drink potato-based vodka on ice, she said. Not grain.
After all, as Roth said slyly, Im the worlds oldest costume designer, damn it!
This article originally appeared in The New York Times