NEW YORK, NY.-
Suzy McKee Charnas, an award-winning feminist science fiction writer who in a four-novel series created a post-holocaust, male-dominated society called the Holdfast that is liberated by an army of women, died Jan. 2 at her home in Albuquerque, New Mexico. She was 83.
David Szanton, a cousin, said the cause was a heart attack. Her death was not widely reported at the time.
Charnas, whose books were well regarded but who, by her account, did not make a living from her writing, was best known for her science fiction. But she also wrote vampire fiction, young adult fantasy novels with women as central characters, and a memoir about taking care of her father in his later years after a long period of estrangement.
In an epic that began with Walk to the End of the World (1974) and concluded 25 years later with The Conquerors Child, Charnas conceived a dystopic world in which an escaped female slave, Alldera, leads the rebellious Free Fems to brutally conquer and enslave their former male masters. The men had faulted women for the near-destruction of humanity, called the Wasting.
The Holdfast Chronicles, as the series is called, is unique in feminist science fiction in that it reflects 25 years of the development of feminism, Dunja M. Mohr wrote in the journal Science Fiction Studies in 1999.
Investigating the raging war of the sexes, she added, Charnas does not shy away from describing the slow and sometimes grim process of change leading from dystopia to utopia, the painful purging of psychological and physical violence involved.
Fantasy novelist Polly Shulman wrote in Salon in 2000 that the Holdfast Chronicles fall squarely in the tradition of feminist utopias/dystopias that produced Joanna Russ The Female Man or Margaret Atwoods The Handmaids Tale, nourishing writers like Ursula K. Le Guin and Sheri S. Tepper.
Charnas did not set out to write a feminist novel. In an interview with SnackReads, a digital publisher of short fiction, she said Walk to the End of the World began as a satire about how top political leaders in Washington would behave while confined to bunkers during a nuclear war waiting, as she put it, for the results of their stupidity to wipe out the rest of the world so they could come out and repopulate it with the assistants they were sleeping with.
While the book was in progress, she described the story to a womens consciousness-raising group in New Mexico, explaining that everybody in the foreground is male and all the women were slaves.
Then she had an epiphany.
What are you doing sitting in this room, full of women, talking about women as half the population and writing this story thats only about the guys? she recalled telling herself. The women in your story are there, but they dont have a word to say. Not one of them. So I went back and rewrote the whole thing, and this time I gave one of the women, Alldera, a voice, and she told part of the story, and the book changed completely. It became a feminist text.
The other books in the Holdfast series are Motherlines (1978) and The Furies (1994). The Conquerors Child won the 1999 James Tiptree Jr. Award (now called the Otherwise), a literary prize for works of science fiction or fantasy that explore gender.
She also won two other science fiction and fantasy awards: a Nebula for a novella, Unicorn Tapestry, which is a chapter in her 1980 novel, The Vampire Tapestry, and the basis for her play, Vampire Dreams; and a Hugo, for Boobs, a short story.
Suzy, to me, was a lot like David Bowie, said Jane Lindskold, a science fiction and fantasy writer who knew Charnas from a writers group in Albuquerque. She followed her own muse. She could have just written only vampire books, but she did what she wanted to do.
Suzy McKee was born on Oct. 22, 1939, in Manhattan. Her parents, Robin and Maxine (Szanton) McKee, were commercial artists who worked at home but divorced when Suzy was 8 years old. Suzy was a voracious reader who also wrote and illustrated stories, often about cowboys.
It wasnt that much of a step from that to making up and writing down stories intended for unfolding in other peoples heads the first true magic I can remember encountering in my life, Charnas said in an interview with the journal Science Fiction Studies in 1999.
After graduating from Barnard College in 1961 with a bachelors degree in economics and history subjects she believed would help her build convincing fictional societies in her novels she joined the Peace Corps, teaching in Nigeria for two years before earning a masters in teaching from New York University in 1965.
She taught at a private school in Manhattan for a few years before joining Flower-Fifth Avenue Hospital as a curriculum writer for a drug-treatment program in secondary schools. She married Stephen Charnas, a lawyer, in 1968, and soon after moved to Albuquerque.
Charnas had been an occasional fan of science fiction but began writing in the genre only after reading Le Guins 1969 novel, The Left Hand of Darkness, which explored gender themes.
The book was a mindblower, Charnas told SnackReads, not just for me, but for a lot of women, who said, Holy crap, look what this woman did! Look what shes talking about!
Science fiction was not the only genre she explored. In The Vampire Tapestry, she created Dr. Edward Weyland, a vampire posing as an anthropology professor.
Writing in The Washington Post, fantasy writer Elizabeth A. Lynn praised the novel, saying it works on many levels as pure adventure, as social description, as psychological drama and as a passionate exploration of the web that links instinct, morality and culture. It is a serious, startling and revolutionary work.
Director Guillermo del Toro, who is known for his science fiction and horror films, was an admirer of The Vampire Tapestry. He called it flawless on Twitter in 2015 and, after Charnas death, said, It may be her masterpiece.
Stagestruck Vampires and Other Phantasms (2004), a collection of her short work, includes a story that rethinks The Phantom of the Opera and Beauty and the Beast. In another, an astronaut at a concert on a faraway planet listens to two lizards discussing the music.
Charnas is survived by her sisters, Liza McKee and Patricia Powers. Her husband died in 2018.
Her last book was My Fathers Ghost: The Return of My Old Man and Other Second Chances (2002), about how she and her husband brought her long-absent father he had left her family when she was a child to live on their property in Albuquerque and her struggle to get to know him over nearly 20 years.
The person who came to live next door to me was less my father than my fathers ghost: the ghost of my father as I had known him and imagined him all my life, she wrote. He was also, I suspect, the ghost of the man he himself had set out to be but never became.
She added, Well, Im a lucky devil: He was a good ghost, an instructive ghost.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times