Carrie Mae Weems is one of the most influential American artists working today. Over a career spanning more than four decades, she has created a complex body of multimedia work that grapples with the social and political issues of our times.
Her art reflects critically on discourses of post- and neo-colonialism, identity, gender, class and systemic dependencies of relations of power.
The exhibition People in Conditions at Galerie Barbara Thumm
brings together narratives local and global, past and future, individual and collective, all unified by Weems performative style. Visitors can explore the full spectrum of her rich and multilayered oeuvre, with works on display spanning from the earliest stages of Weems career right up to the present day. Themes include the colonialist history of Western culture, the role of Black artists in this history and the hegemonic structures of social and institutional practices of representation.
The centrepiece of the exhibition is the eponymous People in Conditions, Weems latest work, which is being shown in public for the first time at Galerie Barbara Thumm. The work builds on Weems 2021 video installation Cyclorama Conditions: A Video in 7 Parts, which she produced for the exhibition The Shape of Things at New Yorks Park Avenue Armory. The blue-tinted photographs show choreographers and performers standing in rain and snow, including Gabri Christa, Okwui Okpokwasili and Vinson Fraley. By having the models face the viewer head on, Weems reveals these artistic and cultural creators in their unadorned being and beauty, and confronts us with the realities of hope and violence that co-exist today. At the heart of the work is the question of how we can measure the value of a life. As Weems puts it, When you think about the vastness of the universe in which we dwell, we are dust in the wind and yet we are here.
The exhibition brings People in Conditions into conversation with other of Weems key works, some of which she produced during stays in Berlin. These works link the history of the German capital to global historical discourses about those who practise violence and those who resist it.
Weems completed the video and photography project Holocaust Memorial during a 2007 visit to Berlins Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, which was designed by Peter Eisenman and had been opened just two years earlier. Capturing the memorials austere, architectonic structure, the three photographs shown in the exhibition document Weems alter ego performing in front of a camera, with no audience present. The figure, who is shot from a rigid central perspective, appears and disappears between the repetitively arranged columns. Their monotonous arrangement conveys the enormity of the Nazis crime against humanity. Through her interaction with the space, in which her figure constantly oscillates between presence and absence, Weems explores the memorials potential as a place of remembrance and reminds us of our global societys fragile equilibrium. She uses her body to re-energise debates about racism and discrimination, bringing them into the present and reminding us of the need to continuously engage with these issues.c
One year earlier (2006), Weems photographed Berlins Pergamon Museum for her Museum Series. Pergamon Museum once again features Weems alter ego, her back turned to the camera as she stares at the museum. The expansive composition, in which both figure and museum are clearly visible, draws the viewer themselves into the scene and makes their gaze an extension of the figures observing stance. A balustrade separates Weems alter ego from the museum. This spatial divide symbolises the exclusion of Black artists from contemporary publid museums, and so from the discourse of European art history. The unequal relationship between Black artists and cultural institutions is powerfully visualised by the proportions of the image, in which Weems body is dwarfed by the monumental scale of the ornate museum building. At the same time, the photographed body signifies a resistance, showing the presence and persistence of Black artists who have defended their right to visibility in the face of institutional exclusion and barriers.
In Someone to Watch Over Me (2008), four Black women are standing in a garden facing each other. They all have white angel wings on their backs. Though this photograph was not taken in Berlin, it still has a connection to Wim Wenders film Wings of Desire, in which angels are unable to influence human history but do offer us the consolation that we can control our own destiny. Someone to Watch Over Me is from Weems series Constructing History, which she produced with students of Savannah College of Art and Design and members of other local communities in Atlanta. The project explores pivotal moments of political violence from history by recreating and reinterpreting their iconic images and visual language. The photographs reveal human history to be a history of violence, but they also show that reappropriating and reflecting on iconic moments of violence and grief can offer potential for social change.
The exhibition starts and ends with a wall-filling photograph that Weems took in Harlem, New York, in 1978. Harlem was a major centre of African American politics, scholarship and art. It was also an important locale for the US jazz scene, which has been a longstanding influence on Weems artistic work. But 1970s Harlem was also afflicted by violence and crime, which was damaging to community life and brought stigma to the predominantly Black local residents. The photograph comes from the earliest days of Weems career and reflects her desire to capture all aspects of the Black life and culture around her. The photograph documents both ongoing social and cultural developments and possibilities for the future.