This March, Sothebys
will present five works by Claude Monet painted during a formative fifteen-year period during his career, charting the artists pivot from an Impressionist painter to the father of Abstract Expressionism. Monet x Monet | A Distinguished American Collection paints a picture of how Monet approached the concept of capturing colour and light on canvas in an increasingly modern and abstract way, through a range of key motifs. From a flower-filled canvas that prefigures Monets celebrated late water lily paintings, to a rhythmic depiction of loosely bundled together grainstacks, and two landscapes painted under different weather conditions at opposing ends of the seasons, the works all of which pre-date 1900 encapsulate the modern Monet that had such a profound influence on later artists and movements. With a combined estimate in the region of $50 million (£35 million), the paintings will be offered in Sothebys Modern & Contemporary Evening Auction in London on 2 March 2022.
Helena Newman, Chairman of Sotheby's Europe and Worldwide Head of Impressionist & Modern Art, said: With Picasso and Van Gogh, Monet is one of the most sought-after artists in the world today. In recent years the energy around him has taken on an even more renewed vigour, both in the global exhibition arena and among collectors all around the world particularly in Asia where he is a beloved figure. In charting the progression towards his great waterlily paintings, these five stunning works brilliantly articulate the story of Monet as the father of modern art.
Simon Shaw, Sothebys Vice Chairman, Fine Arts, said: Monet was a key influence on the abstract movements of the 20th century and long after his death in 1926, he remains a strong and relevant force. Tellingly, in the 1950s, with the rise of Abstract Expressionism, The Museum of Modern Art acquired a water lily for their collection this symbiotic relationship has continued to be explored in the years that followed, with the Musée Marmottans ground-breaking Monet & Abstraction exhibition in 2010, and currently in the Helen Frankenthaler exhibition at the Dulwich Picture Gallery in London.
Massif de chrysanthèmes, estimated at £10 15 million, is one of four still-lifes devoted to chrysanthemums painted by Monet in 1897. Radically challenging the long and illustrious tradition of still-life painting, both the subject and the composition in which the flowers occupy the entire canvas, with the edges of the painting cropping the composition had much to do with Monets fascination with Japan, a fascination he shared with many of his contemporaries. In 1854, Japanese ports opened up to Western trade for the first time in 200 years, sparking a vogue for Japonisme that penetrated almost every aspect of Western life.
It was at this time that Monet first came across Japanese prints used as wrapping paper at a spice shop in The Netherlands. He quickly became a keen collector, adorning the walls of his studio with prints which were a complement to flowers (including chrysanthemums) he grew in his garden. The composition of the painting was almost certainly inspired by the work of the great Japanese print-maker Hokusai, whose prints of Large Flowers Monet owned. In fact, the influence of Hokusais depictions of flowers without backgrounds can also be seen in Monets Water Lilies, and it is no coincidence that the artists first water lily paintings date from the same year he produced these close-up paintings of flowers. Similarly, the Chrysanthemum holds a special status in Japan a symbol of power and, often, of the country itself. Perhaps fittingly, therefore, this picture was most recently exhibited in Japan, in 1995, and at one time during its prestigious ownership history, it entered a private Japanese collection.
It is also possible that Monet had his close friend, Gustave Caillebotte at the forefront of his mind, as Caillebottes brother had gifted to Monet a large painting of the flowers as a keepsake following the artists death in 1894 a work Monet kept for the remainder of his life.
Estimated at £15 20 million, Les Demoiselles de Giverny features one of the most recognised motifs painted by Monet, that of the grainstacks, though in this instance, a collection of meulettes which are more loosely formed in appearance than the finished haystacks. Revisiting the subject in 1894, following the celebrated series of Haystacks he painted in 1890-91, uses the symbol of Frances rural health to continue his ground-breaking exploration of building up a canvas with paint. The works richly encrusted surface demonstrates Monets sculptural use of the medium looks ahead to the phenomenon of abstraction. The paintings title, The Young Ladies of Giverny, takes its name from the colloquial French expression and evokes moving figures within a landscape, echoing the many occasions he had painted female figures set within the natural world in the 1870s.
Glaçons, environs de Bennecourt, estimated at £5 7 million, also shows Monets progression towards his water lily paintings of the 20th century. During late December 1892 and January 1893, the length of the Seine experienced severe frost and heavy snow. Capturing the ice floes on the rivers surface was a nascent flowering of the water lily paintings, which Monet would begin just a few years later.
Painted in 1897, Sur la falaise près de Dieppe, soleil couchant, estimated at £3.5 5 million, is from a series of works depicting the Normandy coast. The paintings were unusual in their choice of colours, as Monet uses a soft Mediterranean palette to paint the dramatic northern perimeter of France. Reducing natures forms to their essence with gestural brushwork represented Monets first forays into abstraction. By the time of his death, he had become an abstract painter in his own right, set to have a tremendous influence on the generation of artists who followed.
Completing the group is Prunes et Abricots, painted circa 1882-85 during a period when Monets output started to reach a wider audience and gain increasing recognition. In 1882, the legendary art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel had commissioned a series of decorative panels depicting flowers and fruit for the grand salon in his Paris apartment. While Prunes et abricots was not part of the final design, this charming still life, estimated at £1.2 1.8 million, was acquired by the dealer in 1890.