NEW YORK, NY.-
Bob Moore, an architect of the Nashville Sound of the 1950s and 60s who played bass on thousands of popular recordings, including Elvis Presleys Return to Sender and Patsy Clines Crazy, died Sept. 22 at a hospital in Nashville. He was 88.
His death was confirmed by his wife, Kittra Bernstein Moore, who did not cite a cause.
As a mainstay of the loose aggregation of first-call Nashville session professionals known as the A-Team, Moore played on many of the landmark country hits of his day, among them Tammy Wynettes Stand By Your Man, Loretta Lynns Coal Miners Daughter and George Jones He Stopped Loving Her Today.
All were No. 1 country singles, and each typified the intuitive, uncluttered style of playing that came to characterize the less-is-more Nashville Sound.
Moore, who mainly played the upright bass, also contributed the swaggering opening figure to Roger Millers King of the Road as well as the indomitable bass line on Jeannie C. Rileys skewering of hypocrisy, Harper Valley P.T.A. Both records were No. 1 country singles and major crossover hits, with Rileys reaching the top of the pop chart in 1968.
Over 40 years, Moore elevated the bass in country music from a subordinate timekeeper to an instrument capable of considerable tonal and emotional reach. By turns restrained and robust, his imaginative phrasing revealed a gift for seizing the dramatic moment within a recording or arrangement.
No matter how good a musician you are technically, what really matters boils down to your taste in playing, he once said. A lot of guys can play a hundred notes a second; some can play one note, and it makes a lot better record.
Moores forceful, empathetic playing extended well beyond the precincts of country music to encompass the likes of Simon & Garfunkels The Boxer and Brook Bentons Rainy Night in Georgia, among other pop and soul hits, as well as several notable rockabilly records.
As session leader at Monument Records, where he worked in the late 1950s, Moore created arrangements for recordings by Roy Orbison and others, including Only the Lonely, a Top 10 pop single for Orbison in 1960. The record stalled at No. 2 and might have gone on to occupy the top spot on the chart were it not for Brenda Lees Im Sorry. Moore played bass on that one, too.
He had a Top 10 pop record of his own: the Mariachi-flavored instrumental Mexico (1961), credited to Bob Moore and His Orchestra. (The song was composed by Boudleaux Bryant, who, with his wife, Felice, also wrote hits for Orbison and the Everly Brothers.)
In 1960, Moore and some of his fellow A-Teamers received an invitation to appear at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island. After a series of violent incidents in Newport, some set off by an angry crowd of concertgoers who had been shut out of sold-out shows, the festival ended prematurely and Moore was unable to perform, so he and a group billed as the Nashville All-Stars, which included vibraphonist Gary Burton, recorded an album of instrumentals called After the Riot at Newport.
Anyone who has heard me play bass knows my soul, Moore said, looking back on his career in a 2002 interview with the website Art of Slap Bass. I am studied, solid, thorough, steadfast, bold and dependable.
In 2007, Moore and his fellow A-Team members were inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame in Nashville.
His son R. Stevie Moore is also a musician, having played a pioneering role in the lo-fi, or do-it-yourself, movement popularized by indie-rock artists such as Pavement and Beck.
Bobby Loyce Moore was born Nov. 30, 1932, in Nashville and raised by his maternal grandmother, Minnie Anderson Johnson, a widow.
When he was 9, Moore set up a shoeshine station outside the Ryman Auditorium, then home to the Grand Ole Opry. One of his regular customers was Jack Drake, the bass player for Ernest Tubb and his Texas Troubadours; Drake became an early mentor.
Moore appeared in local bands before going on tour at age 15 as a guitarist and stand-up bassist for minstrels Jamup and Honey. Along with future A-Team guitarists Hank Garland and Grady Martin, he spent time in the bands of Opry stars Paul Howard and Little Jimmy Dickens before working with singers Red Foley and Marty Robbins.
Moores big break came in the early 1950s, when Nashville bandleader Owen Bradley offered him steady employment with his dance orchestra. Even more auspicious, Bradley promised Moore, then weary of touring, steady work on the recording sessions he would soon be supervising as the newly established head of the local office of Decca Records.
Over the next three decades Moore would appear on hits by Decca luminaries such as Kitty Wells and Conway Twitty as well as others, such as Jim Reeves and Earl Scruggs, who recorded for other labels. He appeared on virtually all of Clines 1960s recordings for Decca, including her hit Crazy in 1961, and much of Presleys RCA output of the early to mid-60s, including Return to Sender, released in 1962.
As a new generation of session musicians began supplanting the original A-Team in the early 80s, Moore pursued other projects, including a stint with Jerry Lee Lewis band. A hand injury forced his premature retirement from performing later that decade.
In addition to his wife and his son Stevie, Moore is survived by a daughter, Linda Faye Moore, who is also a performing musician; two other sons, Gary and Harry; and two granddaughters.
In the early 1950s, when Bradley offered him a career as a studio musician, Moore discovered a life-changing musical fellowship as a member of the A-Team.
We were like brothers, he said in his Art of Slap Bass interview. We had great musical chemistry and communication. He continued: We loved creating our music together. We were able to assert our personalities and express our feelings through our music in such an effective way that the public came to recognize our individual styles.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times