NEW YORK (NYT NEWS SERVICE).-
Long before k.d. lang transformed herself from a country artist into an androgyne pop idol and sex symbol, smoldering in a mans suit on the cover of Vanity Fair being mock-shaved by the supermodel Cindy Crawford; long before Melissa Etheridge sold millions of copies of her 1993 album, Yes I Am, and in so doing came out as a gay rock star; and long before singer-songwriter Jill Sobules I Kissed a Girl hit the Billboard charts, folk singer Alix Dobkin chopped off her hair, formed a band and recorded Lavender Jane Loves Women.
Released in 1973, it was the first album recorded and distributed by women for women arguably the first lesbian record. Dobkin started her own label, Womens Wax Works, to do it.
Once a folk star playing clubs in the New York City neighborhood of Greenwich Village with Bob Dylan and Buffy Sainte-Marie, Dobkin turned to writing songs such as View From Gay Head (Lesbian, Lesbian / Lets be in No Mans Land). Her lyrics sketched out a lesbian separatist utopia and also poked fun at its vernacular and customs, as she did in Lesbian Code, which contained lines such Is she Lithuanian?, Is she Lebanese? and Shes a member of the church, of the club, of the committee / She sings in the choir.
Her music was the soundtrack for many young women coming out in the 1970s and 80s, a rite of passage spoofed by graphic memoirist Alison Bechdel in her long-running comic strip, Dykes to Watch Out For. (A panel titled Age 21 showed a young woman with cropped hair and pinwheel eyes, smoking a bong and reading Mary Dalys Gyn/Ecology, another feminist touchstone, as the lyrics from Dobkins The Woman in Your Life Is You waft around her, a "Lavender Jane" album cover propped up in a corner.)
I cant tell you how cool it was as a young dyke to see those album covers, said Lisa Vogel, founder of the Michigan Womyns Festival, otherwise known as Michfest, where Dobkin would perform for decades. To see someone not trying to pass one bit.
Dobkin died May 19 at her home in Woodstock, New York, after suffering a brain aneurysm and a stroke. She was 80. Her former partner Liza Cowan announced the death.
She was a star of the womens festivals that were an expression of the alternative economy lesbian feminists were building in the 1970s a byproduct of second-wave feminism with their own books, publishing companies, record labels and magazines. Michfest was the biggest, an entire city built from scratch each season in Oceana County, complete with health care clinics, crafts, workshops and food for thousands. It was a complete matriarchal society. No men were allowed.
When the festivals began in the mid-70s, there were no safe spaces for lesbians, said Bonnie Morris, a historian and archivist of feminist music and author of Eden Built by Eves: The Culture of Womens Music Festivals. You werent welcome to have a double bed in a hotel; there were no Disney Gay Days. Festivals were a way to get together, share information and recharge.
It was backstage at a womens festival in 1983 that Etheridge first met Dobkin. She was in the tradition of the classic folk troubadour, changing the world through song and cleverness, Etheridge said in an interview. She made an impact, and she did it with humor. Until I heard Alix, I had no idea I would be an out lesbian performer; I just wanted to be a rock star.
When I told her I was thinking of recording an album, she said, Oh, Melissa, theres no radio station thats going to play a lesbian. After Yes I Am came out and I came out she said to me, Damn it, you proved me wrong. Im so grateful.
Alix Cecil Dobkin was born Aug. 16, 1940, in New York City. She was named for an uncle, Cecil Alexander Kunstlich, a womanizing, drug-addicted neer-do-well who cleaned up his act and was killed in the Spanish Civil War. Her parents, Martha (Kunstlich) and William Dobkin, were, like many Jewish intellectuals of the time, Communist Party members and social activists. Alix grew up listening to the folk music of Pete Seeger and Woody Guthrie, as well as the Red Army Chorus and Broadway show tunes, and singing at home with her parents.
Alix was 16 when the FBI began investigating her. She had joined the Communist Party that year, but her parents had become disillusioned and left; there were too many FBI informants, her father told her later.
The FBI followed Dobkin until she turned 30, noting in her file that she had become a housewife and mother. The file, which Dobkin retrieved in 1983 under the Freedom of Information Act, proved useful decades later, when she was writing her memoir, My Red Blood (2009). It recorded her many addresses and helpful dates, including that of her wedding in 1965, although it had the venue wrong.
Dobkin studied art at the Tyler School of Art and Architecture at Temple University in Philadelphia, earning a bachelors degree, with honors, in 1962. A fellow student and Communist Party member was also a booker at a local nightclub, and he began to manage Dobkin, often along with a young comic named Bill Cosby. The booker found the pair regular work at the Gaslight in Greenwich Village, where she met her future husband, Sam Hood, whose parents owned the place, as well as Dylan and other folk luminaries.
When Dobkin married Hood, her career as a performer took a back seat to his as a producer. They divorced amicably in 1971, when their daughter, Adrian, was a year old.
Like many women in that transitional time, Dobkin was frustrated by her role as a housewife and had joined a consciousness-raising group. When she heard Germaine Greer, feminist author of The Female Eunuch, being interviewed on countercultural radio station WBAI, it was a revelation. She wrote to Cowan, a producer at the station who had conducted the interview. Cowan invited her on the program to perform, and the two women fell in love.
After they got together, Dobkin decided she wanted to make music for and by women only. Cowan would go on to found lesbian magazines such as Dyke, A Quarterly. In the mid-70s, the couple bought a 70-acre farm in rural Schoharie County, in central New York not an easy locale to plunk down a gay family.
I remember being called a hobo by the kids in school, Adrian Hood said, though they were trying to say homo. I craved a normal mom with long hair.
Dobkins tour schedule slowed down a bit in the late 90s, and when Hood had her own children, Dobkin took on a new role.
She was a stay-at-home grandma by choice, which allowed me to work full time, said Hood, who is dean of students and director of admissions at a day school in Woodstock. That was a huge gift. She was able to express that everyday maternal attention that she missed with me.
In addition to her daughter, Dobkin is survived by her brother, Carl; her sister, Julie Dobkin; and three grandchildren.
In 2015, a photograph Cowan took of Dobkin wearing a T-shirt that read The Future Is Female exploded on social media, thanks to an Instagram post by @h_e_r_s_t_o_r_y, an account that documents lesbian imagery. It brought the T-shirt, originally made in the 1970s by Labyris Books, the first feminist bookstore in New York City, back into production and introduced Dobkin to a new generation of young women.
Ive prepared all my life for this job, Dobkin told the crowd at a womens music festival in 1997. Because being a Jew and being a lesbian are very similar. Thats why I look so much alike. I have so much in common. Its OK to be a Jew, its OK to be a lesbian as long as you dont mention it. And what we also have in common is that we were never supposed to survive.
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