BRUSSELS.- Xavier Hufkens
is presenting an exhibition of recent and historical work by American artist Sherrie Levine (b.1947). By means of a meticulous scenography and a well-considered selection of artworks in various media, the artist investigates her abiding interest in repetition, replication and art historical appropriation.
Rows of identical, repeating pregnant Tattooed Body Masks (2020) and feline Bobcat Skulls (2010), both cast from unique found objects a wooden makondo mask from South-Eastern Tanzania and an animal carcass respectively, testify to Levines scrutiny of art historical principles and interpretations. By attributing equal significance to form and concept, the replication and duplication of these objects is not an arbitrary choice but indicates Levines profound engagement with the art historical canon. In this light, the Tattooed Body Masks can be read as an allusion to the influence of ethnographic art on early modernism, while the Bobcat works are evocative of Georgia OKeeffes paintings of animal skulls. The glistening golden surface of these works serves a dual purpose. On the one hand, it speaks to the language of modernism, most notably Brancusis polished bronzes, but on the other, it transforms these charged artefacts one man-made, one natural into seductive and opulent-looking works of art. In so doing, Levine decontextualises and recontextualises the significance of the masks and skeletons, and examines the different cultural meanings that their reproduction acquires within each new context.
The overarching themes of reproduction and repetition in this exhibition are explored in different ways in Cathedral: 1-9 (1996) and Coyote Postcard Collage: 1-16 (1999). While the former work is based on Monets paintings of the Rouen Cathedral, which is itself a serial work, Coyote Postcard Collage: 1-16 comprises sixteen identical postcards of a lone wolf, which can be taken as a reference to Joseph Beuys. In these works, Levine doubles down on the defining format of minimalism to create grids-within-grids. But instead of divesting her work of all external references, as per the conventions of the genre, she completes them with art historical and representational imagery. In Cathedral: 1-9, Levine breaks down Monets church facades into pixels, each one of which corresponds to an average colour value in the nineteenth-century paintings. By doing so, she arrives at a work in which the original source retains an imperceptible presence within the abstract composition.
Both art historical motifs, Black and White Bottles (1992) and the Medium Check Paintings (2021) play with the effects of mirroring and replication. Of the bottles, Levine has said: I thought a wine bottle was the perfect generic Modernist icon, having been so frequently used as a subject by the Cubists and Surrealists. The origins of the check paintings can be found in the chessboard motifs that fascinated this latter group of artists, most notably Man Ray and Duchamp. Executed on wood so that the paintings literally become boards the checked motif is repeated within each panel, while each object mirrors the other.
By perpetually questioning notions of originality and duplication, Levines art is not static, nor is it absolute. Not only does she inventively denounce the systems that construe and categorise art, she also challenges the conventions that define what we call history and meaning. She nudges the viewer towards certain interpretations, yet her aim is to suspend meaning, never revealing it entirely. She provokes answers, urging us to read the works without providing directions. Or to paraphrase Roland Barthes, it is up to the viewer not the artist to generate and determine meaning.
Sherrie Levine (b. 1947, Hazleton) lives and works in New York. Levines work has been the subject of solo exhibitions at institutions worldwide. Recent solo exhibitions include After All, Neues Museum, Nuremberg (2016), Sherrie Levine, Portland Art Museum, Portland (2013) and Pairs and Posses, Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld (2010). In 2011, the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York presented MAYHEM, a major exhibition spanning three decades of the artists career.
Work by the artist is held in museum collections worldwide, including the Art Institute of Chicago; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston; Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, HumlebŠk, Denmark; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; Museum Ludwig, Cologne; Museum Voordlinden, Wassenar; The National Museum of Art, Osaka; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Tate Gallery, London; and Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.