Questionnaire filled in by young Oscar Wilde to be auctioned at Sotheby's
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Questionnaire filled in by young Oscar Wilde to be auctioned at Sotheby's
Sotheby’s to offer questionnaire filled in by the young writer on the cusp of stardom in 1877. Estimate £40,000-60,000. Courtesy Sotheby's.

LONDON.- Wilde was in his early twenties when he contributed to the album of “Mental Photographs” in 1877. He was still at Oxford and yet to publish a book, but had already established a keen following. Signed grandiosely with his full name, ‘Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde’, here he answers thirty-nine personal questions recording a myriad of different preferences from his favourite colour, flower, season, tree and perfume, to gems, first names, painters, musicians, poets and more.

Sotheby’s Dr Philip Errington said: “Wilde’s responses sparkle with the author’s characteristic ebullience and many are perfect Wildean epigrams. Knowing what we do about Wilde’s sharp wit and lofty world-view, his replies are exactly what one would expect to see from this bold intellectual young writer, still in his early twenties but already experiencing his first taste of fame. This questionnaire - likely filled in for an admiring fan - freezes the young Oscar in a moment in time, but also provides a chilling prophecy of what was to come. His answer to the final question ‘What is your aim in life?’ reads ‘fame, or even notoriety’.”

His responses include:

What is your favourite object in nature? The sea (when there are no bathing machines)

Book to take up for an hour? I never take up books for an hour

What is your favourite amusement? Writing sonnets and reading

What is your favourite occupation? Reading my own sonnets

If not yourself, who would you rather be? A Cardinal of the Catholic Church

Gem? Sapphire in winter, diamond in summer

Names, male and female? Eucharis, Florence, Cecil

What trait of character do you most admire in man? The power of attracting friends

What trait of character do you most admire in woman? The power of becoming either a cleopatra or a St Catherine

What trait of character do you most detest in each? Vanity: self-esteem: conceitedness

What are the sweetest words in the world? Well done!

What are the saddest words? Failure

This album comes to sale from the collection of actor and director Steven Berkoff (b.1937), famed for his villainous on-screen roles including General Orlov in the James Bond classic, Octopussy (1983). Berkoff began collecting Oscar Wilde material around the time he directed Wilde’s great tragedy, Salome, in the late 1980s. The show opened to acclaim at The Gate Theatre, Dublin, on the sixtieth anniversary of Salome’s first controversial public viewing there in 1928, and went on sell out at London’s National Theatre, before travelling to Japan, Germany and beyond.

This provenance perfectly mirrors another former owner of the album - Adderley Millar Howard (c. 1863 - 1827), who was also an actor, a touring theatrical impresario and, later, a theatrical manager. He is believed to be an early, or perhaps even the first owner of this album.

The album will be offered as part of Sotheby’s Summer Miscellany sale of Books and Manuscripts, alongside a number of first editions by Wilde, also from the collection of Steven Berkoff. These include Salome (1984), The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) and The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898).

Bidding is now open online, and closes at 2pm BST Tuesday, 4 August.

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