House votes to remove Confederate statues From U.S. Capitol

The First Art Newspaper on the Net    Established in 1996 Wednesday, May 29, 2024

House votes to remove Confederate statues From U.S. Capitol
The statues of John Calhoun of South Carolina, left, the former vice president who led the pro-slavery faction in the Senate, and Charles Aycock, the former governor of Delaware and an architect of a violent coup d’état in Wilmington led by white supremacists, in the Capitol in Washington, Wednesday, July 22, 2020. The House on Wednesday voted to banish statues of Confederates and political leaders who advanced agendas of white supremacy from public display in the Capitol. Anna Moneymaker/The New York Times.

by Catie Edmondson

WASHINGTON (NYT NEWS SERVICE).- The House voted on Wednesday to banish from the Capitol statues of Confederate figures and leaders who pushed white supremacist agendas, part of a broader effort to remove historical symbols of racism and oppression from public spaces.

The bipartisan vote, 305-113, came amid a national discussion about racism and justice that has led to the toppling of Confederate statues across the country and left lawmakers scrutinizing how their predecessors are honored in their own halls. Speaker Nancy Pelosi last month ordered that the portraits of four speakers who served the Confederacy be removed from the ornate hall just outside the House chamber.

“These painful symbols of bigotry and racism — they have no place in our society, and certainly should not be enshrined in the United States Capitol,” said Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., a co-sponsor of the bill. “It’s past time that we end the glorification of men who committed treason against the United States in a concerted effort to keep African Americans in chains.”

The legislation, spearheaded by Rep. Steny Hoyer, D-Md., the majority leader, would mandate the removal of “all statues of individuals who voluntarily served” the Confederacy. It specifically identifies five statues for removal, including a bust of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, who delivered the majority Supreme Court opinion in the landmark Dred Scott v. Sandford case, which ruled that slaves were not American citizens and could not sue in federal court. Hoyer’s bill would replace the bust with one of Thurgood Marshall, the first Black Supreme Court justice.

Also targeted for removal are the statues of John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, a former vice president who led the proslavery faction in the Senate; John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky, a former vice president who served as the Confederate secretary of war and was expelled from the Senate for joining for the Confederate army; Charles Brantley Aycock, a former governor of Delaware and an architect of a violent coup d’état in Wilmington led by white supremacists; and James Paul Clarke, a senator and governor of Arkansas who extolled the need to “preserve the white standards of civilization.”

Each state is allowed to send two statues to the Capitol to be featured in the National Statuary Hall collection, which is typically visited by thousands of tourists every day. Federal law gives state leaders, not members of Congress, the authority to replace them. Because Republican lawmakers have long argued that states should retain that right, House Democrats, even though they are in the majority, have been unable to remove the statues.

Sen. Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., the majority leader, is unlikely to allow the bill to receive a vote in the Senate, calling the move “clearly a bridge too far” and an attempt to “airbrush the Capitol.” He has also contended that the decision should be left to the states, though in 2015 he called for a statue of Jefferson Davis displayed prominently in front of Kentucky’s State Capitol to be moved to a museum.

But in a striking display of bipartisanship, 72 Republicans voted in favor of the measure on Wednesday, arguing that it was an important symbolic step toward reconciliation.

“The history of this nation is so fraught with racial division, with hatred,” said Rep. Paul Mitchell, R-Mich., who supported the bill. “The only way to overcome that is to recognize that, acknowledge it for what it is.”

Rep. James E. Clyburn, D-S.C., the majority whip, suggested on Wednesday that the statues in the Capitol, once removed, should also be put in a museum. He issued a broad warning against the destruction of Confederate monuments.

“I do not advocate and don’t want anybody tearing down any statues,” Clyburn said. “I want them put in their proper perspective.”

Some states, responding to local outcries over their representation in Congress, have already moved to replace the statues they sent. Arkansas, for example, is set to replace the statue of Clarke with a likeness of Johnny Cash.

Democratic lawmakers have agonized for years over the presence of Confederate symbols in the nation’s Capitol. During her last speakership, Pelosi moved Robert E. Lee from Statuary Hall to a more remote area of the building and placed in his stead a statue of Rosa Parks. In the wake of a 2017 white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, Pelosi, then the minority leader, called on Speaker Paul Ryan to remove the statues.

But the issue never reached the House floor until now, reignited by a sea change in public opinion around issues of race and justice amid nationwide protests in honor of George Floyd, who was killed in May during a confrontation with Minneapolis police, and other Black Americans.

“Imagine what it feels like as an African American to know that my ancestors built the Capitol, but yet there are monuments to the very people that enslaved my ancestors,” said Rep. Karen Bass, D-Calif., chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus. “Statues are not just historical markers but are tributes, a way to honor an individual. These individuals do not deserve to be honored.”

© 2020 The New York Times Company

Today's News

July 23, 2020

Humans in America 30,000 years ago, far earlier than thought

Montreal museum firing turns messy

Andrew Jones Auctions announces highlights included in the Design for the Home and Garden Auction

Paul Fusco, photographer on a funeral train, dies at 89

Demolition of historic Vietnam cathedral is underway

Janet Borden, Inc. reopens with a group exhibition: "Open"

German arts advocate kidnapped in Baghdad

House votes to remove Confederate statues From U.S. Capitol

Over 600 lots of antiques and artworks to go under the hammer at major Cheffins fine sale

Warning over UK theatre closures due to virus lockdown

Rutgers announces Interim Director for Zimmerli Art Museum

Donation of three paintings worth $12.1 million transform Ackland Art Museum's permanent collection

Postmasters Gallery opens an exhibition of works by Serena Stevens

They're used to tapping. Now they're talking.

Lichtundfire reopens with an exhibition featuring 10 artists from across the U.S. and Brazil

Dix Noonan Webb to sell the late Jeffrey Gardiner's collection of British tokens

Masters from Southern Africa explained by Strauss & Co art experts, ahead of Virtual Live auction

Two alabaster stone sculptures by Anish Kapoor on view at the Sainsbury Centre

1950s Frontier Gasoline porcelain sign brings $5,375 at Holabird auction

National Museum of Women in the Arts reopens August 1

Contemporary Arts Museum Houston launches a participatory public art project

Constance Curry, 86, Civil Rights ally and author, dies

Australia's leading glass artists to shine at Venice Glass Week 2020 and Milan Design Week

Why people choose mirrea LED vanity lights?

The Reasons Why You Should Consider Netherland for Your Next Holiday Trip

Blinding and Binding the Ultra Violet through Kitchen Window

AWS Certification: is it worth it

Road To Achieving Victory In Gaming

What is financial literacy? Key components of financial literacy

How CBD is helpful?

The definition and history of the swimming pool

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez
Writer: Ofelia Zurbia Betancourt

sa gaming free credit
Truck Accident Attorneys
Accident Attorneys

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. Hommage
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site Parroquia Natividad del Señor
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful