The art of painting is as old as man. Proof of this is the cave paintings
(some are over 40,000 years old) that we can admire in places like Altamira. In principle, the paintings were made for religious reasons or to represent everyday scenes, but there was no artistic intention. In this post, we will briefly review the concept of painting and explain the types of art painting pictures.
The concept of painting
The term painting comes from the Latin "pigmenta", which is translated by dye or pigment. Beyond that, the concept of painting can refer to several things:
● Painting is an art that uses pigments to make graphic representations. The result of those representations is also called paintings.
● Paint is the fluid that is applied in thin layers to a surface and dries to a film that coats it. Apart from pigments, which are the ones that give the color, the paint has other components such as solvents and binders.
Types of art painting
The types of art paintings can be classified based on things like the style and materials used. But when people think of types of art painting, they are usually referring to artistic styles or trends. There have been many throughout history and each of them has had its moment of glory. The main painting styles are as follows:
Realism seeks to represent life in the most faithful way. That's why realistic painters skillfully use paint, color, and tone. Many people consider this painting as "true art".
Hyperrealism is a step beyond realism. The aim is that reality is more faithful than photography. Paintings that look like photographs are more often than not hyperrealist.
Surrealism sought to overcome this limitation of the unconscious, allowing the subconscious to express itself through art.
Impressionism focuses more on the forms than on the details. That is why he shows his preferences for landscape paintings (in fact the Impressionists prefer to paint outdoors) and they give special importance to light.
Expressionism is born as a reaction to impressionism. It is called expressionism because it seeks to reflect the expression of feelings and emotions more than reality.
Abstract artists use a similar approach to the scientific one: they break down the perceptual experience into its essential elements, allowing us to understand it better. Colors are used and shapes are used to portray the emotions and landscape of a person's inner world.
Pop art revolves around US popular culture: comics, celebrities, advertising. Surely you have all seen the famous painting of Marilyn Monroe painted by Andy Warhol.
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