This year, visitors to the Dallas Museum of Art
have the rare opportunity to see two paintings that showcase the revolutionary technique of Frans Hals, the first great portraitist of 17th century Holland. Recognized for painting character through virtuosic, loose, and animated brushwork, Hals is considered to be the third prominent painter of the Dutch Baroque era along with Rembrandt and Vermeer. Halss portraits of Pieter Jacobsz. Olycancreated about a decade apart and nearly 400 years agodemonstrate the evolution of his technique at the highest point of his career. On loan to the DMA from The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art and a private collection, the two works depicting the same sitter are perhaps unique for the artists oeuvre, as he rarely painted the same subject twice. They are shown side-by-side for the first time in the DMA presentation.
Building on the success of our focus exhibition on Caravaggio last summer, we are delighted to further our ongoing commitment to revive the display of Old Master European Art at the DMA by bringing these two extraordinary portraits by Frans Hals to Dallas, said Dr. Agustín Arteaga, the DMAs Eugene McDermott Director. Halss revolutionary technique of loose and animated brushwork was extremely influential on subsequent generations of artists and his work will resonate particularly well with other parts of the collection of our encyclopedic museum.
On view February 23October 11, 2020, Frans Hals: Detecting a Decade is curated by Julien Domercq, the DMAs Lillian and James H. Clark Assistant Curator of European Art, and the exhibition project is included in free general admission. While at first glance the two portraits we will be showing may look more similar than different, this exhibition will encourage and empower visitors to spend time looking closely at Halss distinctive virtuoso handling of paint and see how much his technique evolved over the decade of the 1630s, said Domercq. Frans Hals was a remarkable artistic innovator and I am thrilled that we will be able to focus on his real subject: the act of painting itself.
Before Frans Hals (1582/831666), few artists had managed to capture the spontaneity of life in paint. Combining realism with his unique technique of loose brushstrokes, Halss portraits are startlingly direct; they give the impression of being in the presence of another living and breathing human being while also reflecting the act of painting. Halss work had a great influence on Modern artists of the 19th century; the realism, boldness and immediacy of his style served as inspiration to painters such as Gustave Courbet, Edouard Manet and Vincent van Gogh.
Hals was the leading portrait painter in the Dutch city of Haarlem (near Amsterdam) during the period following the Reformation. As a young man, Hals witnessed the creation of a free, Protestant Dutch Republic; the small, mercantile nation quickly became one of Europes most prosperous centers of trade. When it came to art, the austere taste of Protestant merchants from Holland was very different from the exuberant taste of the Catholic kings and princes of southern Europe. While Protestantism left little scope for religious art, many prosperous merchants wished to commission portraits to record their likenesses and their new place in the world. Pieter Jacobsz. Olycan (15721658), the sitter in this exhibitions portraits, was one of the most powerful men in Haarlem. His breweries, De Vogelstruys (The Ostrich) and t Hoeffeyser (The Horseshoe), brought him considerable wealth and social status; he served as Burgomaster (Mayor) of Haarlem on numerous occasions. Painted about a decade apart, these two works chart Olycans changing appearance as he grew older, but also offer considerable insight into the evolution of Halss style at the peak of his career.
After its DMA presentation, Frans Hals: Detecting a Decade will travel to The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, FL, where it will be on view November 8, 2020May 16, 2021.