NEW YORK, NY.-
This winter, the New-York Historical Society
presents an exhibition and a special installation that take a fresh look at traditions of remembrance. The exhibition In Profile: A Look at Silhouettes (January 17 April 5, 2020) traces the development of the late 18th- and 19th-century art form and how artists are reinventing the silhouette today. The special installation Life Cut Short: Hamiltons Hair and the Art of Mourning Jewelry (December 20, 2019 May 10, 2020) displays jewelry featuring human hair that was used as tokens of affection or memorials to lost loved ones.
New-York Historical is taking a deep dive into our expansive collection to explore 19th-century traditions of portraiture and remembrance, said Dr. Louise Mirrer, president and CEO of the New-York Historical Society. The art of silhouettes has long been popular, and this exhibition traces both its history and how gifted, contemporary artists are currently revitalizing the art form. Mourning jewelry may have fallen out of fashion, but this installation showcases how it was once the height of elegance.
In Profile: A Look at Silhouettes
The art of silhouettesusually black cut-paper or painted profilesemerged as a popular form of portraiture in 19th-century America when there were few trained portrait painters. Drawn mostly from New-York Historicals significant collection by Curator of Drawings Dr. Roberta J.M. Olson, In Profile traces the development of this popular art form and explores its contemporary revival through over 150 silhouettes of both famous and everyday peoplefrom a depiction of Alexander Hamilton to full-length silhouettes of the students in a Gramercy Park girls school.
The exhibition showcases works by professional practitioners, such as master of the genre Augustin Édouart and Charles Willson Peale (who employed, among others, Moses Williams, an enslaved man who earned his freedom and produced silhouettes at the Peale Museum in Philadelphia). Édouarts 1846 Philip Milledoler Beekman (18451846), which captures a domestic scene of a toddler playing with a jack-in-the-box in a grand drawing room, was created in memory of a child who died when he was just 14 months old.
Also on display is work from self-trained artists like Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen, a gifted paper-cutting artist. Famous for his fairy tales, he also created imaginative, whimsical compositions like Acrobats (ca. 183560). Martha Anne Honeywell, a woman born without arms and only three toes, cut profiles for 60 years in America and Europe and managed her successful career. On view are two of her intricate cut-outs of the Lords Prayer, one featuring delicate needlework (1845).
Contemporary featured artistswho are expanding the size, subject matter, and media customarily associated with silhouettesinclude Béatrice Coron, who captures the dynamic synergy of New York City; and Kara Walker, who harnesses the silhouette tradition to investigate the legacy of slavery. Corons Hi Five! Stories from the Five Boroughs (2019) are hand-cut, eight-foot-long panoramas that capture vignettes from the five boroughs. Walkers maquette for The Katastwóf Karavan (2017), a public art project created in New Orleans, displays a calliope (steam organ) housed in a horse-drawn wagon, with laser-cut sides that recall cut-paper silhouettes and feature provocative imagery. Also on view is a wall piece by light sculptor Kumi Yamashita, who shapes colored origami papers to cast dramatic shadow portraits of specific individuals.
Visitors also have the opportunity to silhouette themselves as 19th-century practice meets 21st-century technology by projecting their profile onto a screen to create a silhouette that can then be captured by a cell phone camera.
Life Cut Short: Hamiltons Hair and the Art of Mourning Jewelry
This special installation looks at the history of hair and other mourning jewelry through a display of approximately 60 bracelets, earrings, brooches, and other accessories drawn from New-York Historicals collection by Curator of Decorative Arts Dr. Debra Schmidt Bach. Because hair decomposes slowly, miniatures and other jewelry decorated with hair became symbolic of mourning. These personal mementos provided solace while also being fashionable and socially appropriate. The objects on display illustrate the fascinating history of hair jewelry, with a particular focus on its manufacture and use in New York.
Highlights of the installation are a gold mourning ring containing a lock of founding father Alexander Hamiltons hair, clipped by his wife, Elizabeth, as a keepsake while he was on his deathbed; and a Tiffany & Co. mourning bracelet featuring hair, gold, silver, and diamonds (ca. 1854), one of many mourning items sold by the famed New York City jeweler. Also on display is artist and naturalist John James Audubons facial hair, given to New-York Historical by his widow, Lucy Bakewell Audubon.
Miniaturist John Ramages hair-working tools and ivory sample cards with selections of hair designs point to the rising popularity of mourning jewelry in late 18th-century America. Active in New York from 1777 to 1794, Ramage created many miniatures that incorporated hair painting or curled or woven locks of hair secured under glass within elaborate gold cases. Also featured in the display are period advertisements, instruction and etiquette books, and illustrations of hair-braiding patterns.