For the 150th anniversary of Austrian-Japanese friendship the MAK
exhibition KUNIYOSHI +: Design and Entertainment in Japanese Woodblock Prints is devoted to the late period of the ukiyo-e. The shows main spotlight is on one of the most important and innovative artists of the nineteenth century, Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797 1861). Selected prints from the extensive woodblock print collection in the MAK show his works so to speak as creative response to the great political and social changes in Japan in the nineteenth century. The exhibition also deals with Kuniyoshis collaboration with contemporary artists, including Hiroshige and Kunisada, also his impact on the themes and style of the following generation in the Meiji period. Kuniyoshis multifaceted and innovative oeuvre is illustrated in eight sections.
Kuniyoshi is the central personality in the history of woodblock prints at the end of the Edo period (16031868). Together with other masters of the Utagawa school, including Utagawa Hiroshige (17971858) and Utagawa Kunisada I (= Utagawa Toyokuni III, 17861864) and often in cooperation with the entertainment industry, he produced created prints that were ground-breaking in both artistry and technique and enormously popular with the general public.
Kuniyoshi, Kunisada, and Hiroshige were all acclaimed ukiyo-e designers of their era; together they created extensive series such as had never been possible before. Cooperation and not competition was also the motto of the major publishing houses that made these extensive series possible. The works of the Utagawa school also attained hitherto unencountered sizes. For instance, a six-part, 38 x 150 cm print by Kuniyoshi from the MAK Collection gives us an idea of this new scale.
From the late eighteenth century on, the woodblock print is the form that most notably and frequently displays the increasing interest in the art scene outside Japandespite the restricted access to information and originals. In his large series Twenty-Four Chinese Paragons of Filial Piety (ca. 1848), Kuniyoshi combines a traditional Chinese theme with European stylistic elements and compositions and uses western printed graphics from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as models.
Further sections in the MAK exhibition show life in the great city of Edotoday Tokyo: fashion, theater, pleasure quarters, and nocturnal entertainment are reflected in the popular works of the Utagawa school. Kuniyoshi was a master in manoeuvering his way round the ever more restrictive censorship, which made direct allusions and even portrayals of well-known personalities impossible. Designers and publishers therefore opted for innocuous historical motifs with cryptic contemporary references.
Reality and fiction also intermingle in dream pictures and ghost storiesthese types of pictures especially have a long tradition in the ukiyo-e, newly revitalized by Kuniyoshi and Kunisada.
Synthetically produced pigments enriched the color palette of the Japanese woodblock prints at the latest since the series Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji (post-1830) by Katsushika Hokusai (17601849), with their use of Prussian blue imported from Europe. The MAK exhibition shows Kuniyoshis use of this new, synthetically produced coloring, which made him the central figure in the technical renewal of the ukiyo-e.
Woodblock Prints from the MAK Asia Collection The holdings of woodblock prints by Kuniyoshi and his contemporaries in the MAK Collection were mostly compiled around 1900. Occupying a special status here are the two collector personalities Heinrich Siebold (18521908) and Richard Lieben (1842 1919). Siebolds collection entered the MAK Asia Collection between 1892 and 1905; this was supplemented in 1922 with Liebens extensive and superlative ukiyo-e collection.
The exhibition is accompanied by the catalog KUNIYOSHI +: Design and Entertainment in Japanese Woodblock Prints by Mio Wakita-Elis and Johannes Wieninger, edited by Christoph Thun-Hohenstein, Mio Wakita-Elis, and Johannes Wieninger. German/English, ca. 144 pages with numerous color illustrations. MAK/Verlag für moderne Kunst, Vienna 2019. Available at the MAK Design Shop and online at MAKdesignshop.at for 27.