|Mexican archaeologists discover 1,000 year old cemetery in the State of Sonora|
Of the 25 skeletons recovered, 17 belong to minors between 5 months and 16 years (pictured) and 8 belong to adults.. Photo: Cristina Garcia/INAH.
Translated by Cristina Perez Ayala
MEXICO CITY.- Three hundred meters from Onvas (town), south of Sonora, archaeologists discovered the first pre-Hispanic cemetery of the region. This cemetery is about 1000 years old and is made up of 25 individuals burials: 13 of these have intentional cranium deformities, and 5 also have dental mutilations, a cultural practice similar to pre-Hispanic groups in the south of Sinaloa and the north of Nayarit, which had not been previously registered in this state (Sonora).
To archaeologists, the importance of the discovery is the evidence of customs that had not been registered in ancient cultural groups in Sonora: the cranium deformation (frontal occipital lobe) applied to 13 individuals of the Cemetery Cemetery is a name archaeologists have given the site, as well as the modifications made to the lateral pieces to give them a V shape.
The areas finding holds unique characteristics because it mixes the cultural expressions of groups from the northern part of Mexico such as the use of shells and spiral shells originating from the Gulf of California, with western traditions never before seen in Sonora. With this discovery, the limit of influence of the Mesoamerican people has been shown to be more extensive than what had been registered in archaeology, emphasized archaeologist Cristina Garcia Moreno, director of the investigation project by the Arizona State University with the approval of the Council of Archaeology of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), when the data was discovered (excavation season of 2012).
Garcia Moreno said there is no other site in Sonora that has identified similar cranium and dental modifications; neither has it been found in the southwestern part of the USA which shares the cultural area with Sonora. However, the closest cultural groups that had developed these traditions were in the northern part of Sinaloa and the Marismas Nacionales area (south of Sinaloa and north of Nayarit), and they had incorporated into their culture some western and Mesoamerican customs.
However, she said, the Onavas Cemetery does not belong to Mesoamerican migratory groups, but to a sedentary one which had local development and that at some point in its history came in contact with Mesoamerica and incorporated some ideas into its own culture. We are in the process of confirming (through thorough investigation) if there was a relationship between this group and those in Sinaloa and Nayarit.
Cristina Garcia explained that the cranium deformity in Mesoamercan cultures was used for two reasons: to differentiate social groups or for rituals. The dental mutilation in the Nayarit cultures was practiced in adolescents as a rite of passage, which coincides with the findings in Sonora, where the five bodies that bear this mutilation are over 12 years old.
Of the 25 skeletons recovered, 17 belong to minors between 5 months and 16 years and 8 belong to adults. Investigator Garcia Moreno believes the quantity of infants and adolescents identified in the Cemetery could be an indicator of the malpractice of cranial mutilation, which might have caused their death by excessive force when the cranium was squeezed. This might be deducted from studies which will be made to the remains whose results dont indicate their death was caused by a disease.
Archaeologist Cristina Garcia also noted that these discoveries are encouraging more investigations in the southeast of Sonora, which has been not been subjected to a great amount of research; the northern part (desert), the northeast and the coast have been prone to more research; since the discovery of the Cemetery we know for sure the southeast is different to what had been previously known, this side is completely
December 14, 2012
Mexican archaeologists discover 1,000 year old cemetery in the State of Sonora
According to scientist from the University of Oregon, fossil find challenges tree of life as we know it
Sotheby's names President and CEO William F. Ruprecht as Chairman of the Board of Directors
Man jailed for two years for defacing Rothko work in London's Tate Modern gallery
Florida won't restore rights to famed American Museum of Natural History jewel thief
Terra Foundation CEO Elizabeth Glassman awarded French Medal of Honor
80-year-old Spanish botched fresco artist sells work on eBay for charity organization
Saffronart announces its Modern Indian Art Winter Online Auction 2012 taking place on 18-19 December
Henrietta Leon Girshman's Carnet de Salon leads Bonhams Russian Literature Auction
Tate announces groundbreaking £5 million arts award for under 25s funded by the Paul Hamlyn Foundation
Indianapolis Museum of Art commissions Spencer Finch for Efroymson Family Entrance Pavilion
Spectacular British, Islamic collections headline Heritage Auctions event in New York
Beatles rock Bonhams Entertainment Memorabilia Sale; Exceptional prices achieved for Beatles items
New series of works on paper, videos and a mobile sculpture by Roger Andersson at Poppy Sebire
Hermes rules at largest luxury accessories auction ever: $3.2 Million
New, purpose-built Vancouver Art Gallery will benefit entire visual arts community
Shaun Odell exhibits at Jack Hanley Gallery in New York
Sweden's ice hotel, a work of art for the here-and-now
Vatican austerity means donated nativity scene
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- Colossal statue of Amenhotep III unveiled on the west bank of the Nile in Egypt
2.- British royals crown New York visit with gala dinner
3.- Missing artwork rediscovered in "Stuart Little" sells for over 200,000 euros at auction
4.- Rossetti's Venus Verticordia soars at Sotheby's in London to sell for £2.88 million
5.- Russian magnate buys, then returns Nobel prize to American geneticist James Watson
6.- Egyptian Museum unveils four newly renovated halls of the famed Tutankhamun gallery
7.- 'The Secret of Dresden: From Rembrandt to Canaletto' on view at the Groninger Museum
8.- Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum reopens after three-year renovation
9.- More than 200 queries about works by possible heirs received on Nazi-era art hoard
10.- Attorney, artist and filmmaker reflects on the seven lessons learned at 2014 Art Basel Miami Beach
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|