Error: 3002 Source: GeoIP.asp line 56: File could not be opened. First Exhibition in the U.S. to Explore the World of Confucius and his Descendants
The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 Monday, September 1, 2014


First Exhibition in the U.S. to Explore the World of Confucius and his Descendants
Finial for a staff. Warring States Period (475–221 BCE). Bronze with gold and silver inlay, H. 10 × W. 22 cm. Kong Residence Cultural Relics Archive, Cultural Relics Administrative Committee of Qufu City, Shandong Province.
NEW YORK, NY.- A landmark exhibition on the extraordinary philosopher, statesman and teacher known as Confucius (551- 479 BCE ) will be on view at China Institute Gallery from February 11 though June 13, 2010. "Confucius: His Life and Legacy in Art" will focus on the teachings and continuing influence of Confucius, who has become increasingly synonymous with Chinese culture. Nearly 100 objects from the world of Confucius and his ennobled descendants will be on exhibition, including hanging scrolls, album leaves, bronze vessels, stone carvings, jade ceremonial implements, wood-block prints and textiles. The works are on loan for the first time in the U.S. from the Shandong Provincial Museum in Jinan and the Confucius Museum in his hometown of Qufu. "Confucius: His Life and Legacy in Art" is the first exhibition in the U.S. to explore the culture of Confucius. The show incorporates images and artifacts that were created to venerate the man himself, as well as the ideas associated with him, loosely called Confucianism. A fully illustrated scholarly catalogue will accompany the exhibition.

Probably no one has influenced more people over the centuries than Confucius. His family name was Kong, and the suffix “zi,” an ancient term of respect, was added to it so that in Chinese, he is called Kongzi (“Master Kong”) or simply Fuzi (“The Master”). The Latinized name “Confucius” was created when Jesuit missionaries translated Chinese texts for European audiences. Notes Willow Hai Chang, Director, China Institute Gallery, “Although he has come to symbolize Chinese civilization throughout the world, little is known about the man Confucius, who was a thinker, teacher and statesman more than 2,500 years ago. This exhibition seeks to create a greater understanding of his role in Chinese culture and to examine why his extraordinary influence continues even today.”

In order to address the many facets of his life, teachings and belief system, "Confucius: His Life and Legacy in Art" is organized in three parts "The Life and Images of Confucius"; "Confucius as Teacher and Ritual Expert"; and "Venerating Confucius: The Official Cult and the Kong Family Ancestral Cult".

Exhibition Overview
The first section of the exhibition, "The Life and Images of Confucius", includes portraits and illustrations of significant events from his life. Created mostly during the Ming (1368- 1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, long after his lifetime, the images reveal multiple, and sometimes surprising, conceptions of Confucius. Traces of the Sage (Pictorial Biography of Confucius), a Ming dynasty album, illustrates events in Confucius’s life; it attributes supernatural qualities to him, including an ability to communicate with cosmic forces. Bust Portrait of Confucius as a Minister of Justice, a hanging scroll from the Ming dynasty, is one of the best-known representations of him as an official. A wood-block print from a Qing dynasty book depicts a large sculptural icon from the great temple at Qufu, portraying Confucius as emperor. The exhibition includes a pair of charming Song dynasty (960-1279) votive statues of Confucius and his wife; such statues were worshipped by his descendants.

The second section, "Confucius as Teacher and Ritual Expert", gives an overview of Confucius as a teacher who stressed the importance of proper rituals and music, as well as the moral cultivation of the individual. As Julia K. Murray, Professor of Art History, University of Wisconsin, writes in the catalogue essay, “He believed that ancient sages had created a system of harmonious governance through proper ritual…However, rulers of more recent times had lost their moral authority and abandoned these sagely institutions. Instead of leading by example and governing with benevolence, unprincipled local strongmen of his own day sought control through force…To restore order and harmony, Confucius believed, the ancient rituals had to be revived, and he devoted much effort to studying and codifying them.” To give context to this system of ancient rites, the exhibition includes a number of bronze vessels, jade ceremonial implements and musical instruments.

Among the other highlights of the second section is a funerary slab from the Eastern Han dynasty (25 BCE -220 CE) bearing the earliest known images of Confucius and his disciples. A limestone carving from the second century depicts Confucius meeting Laozi, a ritual expert and Daoist master, together with the child-sage Xiang Tuo. Also surviving from the Eastern Han period are fragments of the Xiping Stone Classics, the first official edition of Confucian texts to be carved on stone tablets under imperial auspices.

The “Five Classics” and the “Four Books” became the core curriculum in the education of Chinese literati throughout the imperial period. Among the many examples of these widely published Confucian texts is a sumptuous woodblock-printed edition of the “Four Books,” a text known as The Analects (or Sayings) of Confucius, which offers the most revealing glimpses of the man himself. Twenty sections provide accounts of his activities; document his dialogues with rulers, disciples and acquaintances; and record his remarks and appraisals, along with the comments of men who knew him.

For hundreds of years after Confucius’s death, emperors of many dynasties came to his hometown of Qufu to offer sacrifices and show their commitment to Confucian ideals of governance and learning. In 1771, on one of several visits, the Qianlong emperor (r.1735-1796) bestowed on the Qufu temple a set of ten ancient bronze ritual vessels, which will be on view in the exhibition. Dating to the Shang (c.1500-1050 BCE ) and Zhou dynasties (c.1027-256 BCE ), they were precious objects to be displayed in Confucius’s honor, representing an idealized antiquity. One vessel is in the shape of a four-legged animal with an opening on its back suggesting its use as a wine container.

The final section of the exhibition, "Venerating Confucius: The Official Cult and the Kong Family Ancestral Cult", illuminates the important role of Confucius’s descendants in maintaining ceremonial sacrifices and preserving images, biographies, genealogical records, ritual utensils and other important objects. Ming and Qing portraits of ennobled male descendants who held the title Duke for Perpetuating the Sage are included in the exhibition, along with their clothing and other elegant accessories. Many emperors conferred gifts on the honored lineage. A seal probably bestowed by an emperor of the Ming dynasty is inscribed: “Poetry, Documents [or Books], Ritual [and] Music,” referring to four of the Classics that Confucius edited, which an educated person would know by heart. The Yongzheng emperor (r.1723-1735) presented a set of five altar vessels – exceptional examples of painted enamelware from the imperial Qing workshop – to use in celebrating Confucius’s birthday (now observed on September 28).

Background
Confucius was born into humble circumstances in 551 BCE in Qufu, capital of the feudal state of Lu, which now forms part of the province of Shandong. Although he held a series of minor offices in his home state and for a brief period served as minister of justice (with the responsibilities of a prime minister), he eventually became frustrated with conditions in Lu. In middle age, Confucius left home to travel among the contending feudal states of North China, searching for an ideal ruler who would govern with benevolence and according to proper ritual. After 14 years, he returned to Lu and from the age of 65, devoted himself to teaching and scholarship. After his death at age 73, his most devoted disciples observed three years of mourning for him, as if for a father. Confucius’s own house became a memorial shrine, the precursor to the great Confucius Temple in Qufu today.

Pithy remarks attributed to Confucius have been transmitted from one generation to the next, and his advice still resonates today. “Study as if you will never learn, as if you were afraid of losing what you wish to learn,” the great teacher once said. He believed in the moral purpose of humanity and in the individual’s duty to strive to improve: “The only ones who do not change are sages and idiots.” Confucius’s practical approach to moral cultivation and his reflections on the personal and social basis of ethics and politics are exemplified in such sayings as “Do not inflict on others what you yourself would not wish done to you,” “Anyone who does not know the value of words will never understand men,” and “The full life seeks what is in itself; the empty life seeks what appears in others.” The humanity of his ideas and their ability to adapt to a great variety of needs and contexts have made Confucianism an enduring force in the cultural heritage of China and the world.

The exhibition is curated by Lu Wensheng, Director, Shandong Provincial Museum, and Julia K. Murray, Professor of Art History and East Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin, under the directorship of Willow Hai Chang, Director, China Institute Gallery.

China Institute Gallery | Confucius and his Descendants | Lu Wensheng | Julia K. Murray |


Last Week News

February 13, 2010

The Guggenheim in Bilbao Exhibits 60 Metal Sculptures by Robert Rauschenberg

Pietro Masturzo Wins World Press Photo Premier Award

New Installation by Banks Violette at Gladstone Gallery

Spanish Researchers Publish Work on Mayan Pictographs

Museu de Arte Moderna de Sao Paulo Presents Exhibition of Matta-Clark

Innovative New Haughton Art and Antiques Fair Launches in June

Jeff Koons Selects Artists for Joannou Collection Show at New Museum

First Retrospective Exhibition in the Nordic Region of Lee Lozano at Moderna Museet

Carlos Amorales' Urban Gothic Dream World Comes to Cornerhouse

Exhibition Introduces Historical and Contemporary Photographic Masterpieces

Experiments: What Happens when Artists Collaborate with Scientists?

Montreal Artist Nicolas Baier Attempts to Capture the Invisible

Former Boxing Champion Gene Tunney's Memorabilia Up for Sale at Bonhams

Rare Set of Ornate 19th Century Porcelain Plates Bought for Nottingham City Museums

Berlin-Based Artist Andreas Hofer Creates New Series of Works for Sigmund Freud Museum

Sandwich Creations from Celebrated Chefs at Whitney's New Cafe

Guggenheim Launches Kids Club

Frick Launches Two New Online Databases to Stimulate Research

Safeco Insurance Makes Historic Donation to Washington Art Consortium

February 12, 2010

Yves Klein's "Relief éponge" Sells for $9,149,790 at Christie's Contemporary Art Sale

Italian Judge Wants Ancient Statue Seized from Getty Museum

Sotheby's to Sell over 1,200 Works from the Polaroid Collection

Fashion World's Provocateur Alexander McQueen Dead at 40

Timothy Taylor Gallery Presents a New Work by Ron Arad

Tibor de Nagy Gallery Shows New Paintings by Richard Baker

Maurizio Cattelan's First Solo Show in the U.S. Since 2003 Opens at the Menil Collection

Swiss Art Collection on Show at Kunsthaus Two Years after Heist

Photographs of Gravity-Defying Movements at Laurence Miller Gallery

Museum Presents Masterpieces from the Collection of Prince Hans-Adam II

Baldwin Gallery Opens Exhibition by Doug and Mike Starn and Delia Brown

Rediscovered Gerhard Richter Video on Show at the CCCS

Site-Specific Installation by Artist Kiki Smith at the Brooklyn Museum

'Shrew'd' Survey of American Women Artists Opens at Sheldon

Whistler: Influences, Friends and the Not-So-Friendly at the Toledo Museum of Art

Christie's to Sell the Charming and Eclectic Hanham Court Collection

New Book Gives Unprecedented Insight into Rubens's Virtuoso Painting Technique

National Gallery Visitors will be Able to Flip through Fragile Art Books

Glasgow International Festival Of Visual Art Returns in April

February 11, 2010

Contemporary Art at Sotheby's Totals $84.8 Million, Well in Excess of Pre-Sale Expectations

Exhibition Explores the Egyptians' Beliefs about Life and Death and the Afterlife

Largest John Baldessari Retrospective Exhibition Ever Mounted in Spain

Gagosian Gallery Presents Chris Burden's First Exhibition in Rome in 30 Years

Rare Tiffany Stained Glass Windows on View for the First Time in Montreal

Thomas Ruff Debuts New Work in Sixth Solo Exhibition at David Zwirner

VIENNAFAIR: The International Contemporary Art Fair to be Held in May

Preparatory Drawings by Eduardo Arranz-Bravo at Franklin Bowles Galleries

Main Road of Jerusalem, from 1,500 Years Ago, is Exposed

New Exhibition will Celebrate the Work of Royal Photographer Marcus Adams

Kathryn Markel Fine Arts Presents Pam Anderson: Ghosts from a Middle Place

Yinka Shonibare's Fourth Plinth Ship To Set Sail in May

Two Major Donations to the Ogden Museum of Southern Art

Private Collection Paintings Complement American Holdings at the Hood

The Inspirational World of the Ancient Greeks Revealed at World Museum

National Portrait Gallery Unveils New Painted Portrait of Writer V. S. Naipaul

Interior Design Ben Kelly Presents Solo and Collaborative Work at Glasgow School of Art

MFA Houston's Bayou Bend Collection and Gardens Begins Dynamic New Chapter in Fall 2010

Artistic Director David Elliott Unveils Program Highlights for 17th Biennale of Sydney

Guggenheim Museum Announces Malevich in Focus: 1912-1922

February 10, 2010

Pop Life at Hamburger Kunsthalle Proves that Good Business is the Best Art

First Major Retrospective of Arshile Gorky in Europe for Twenty Years Opens at Tate

Museum Tinguely Recreates Legendary "Le Mouvement" Exhibition

Exhibition of Picasso Masterpieces Coming to Seattle this Fall

Christie's to Sell Exemplary English Walnut, Oak & Yew Furniture

Contemporary Auctions at Sotheby's and Christie's Aim to Cement Art Recovery

Red Dot Art Fair Returns Returns to NYC and Moves to Skylight

Overview of Joan Hernández Pijuan's Career Opens at Fundació Suñol

Leading Artists Donate Works for Auction in Aid of the Geoff Thomas Foundation

Bonhams to Sell Roman Bust that Links Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton

First Global Guide to Contemporary Art for iPhone and BlackBerry

Film Chronicles the Dramatic Struggle for Control of the Barnes Foundation

12-Year-Old Finds Painting and Family Makes Donation to the Gibbes Museum

Debbie Han Wins 2009 Sovereign Asian Art Prize

Serena Morton and Raye Cosbert Open New Gallery in London

Rio Ferdinand Joins Charles II and Lord Nelson as Heroes of National Portrait Gallery Campaign

New Exhibition Celebrates Renowned Artist's Birthday

New and Classic Works by Francoise Sullivan to Go on Display at AGO

Indianapolis Museum of Art Launches IMA Lab

February 9, 2010

Painting by Salvador Dalí, Made in the U.S., on Temporary Loan to the Dalí Foundation

Bob Dylan on Canvas: Exclusive Show of His Very First Works on Canvas

Nicolas Sarkozy's Father Exhibits Painting of Carla Bruni in Budapest

Gagosian Presents Major Group Exhibition Celebrating JG Ballard's "Crash"

Iran to Cut Ties with British Museum over Cyrus Cylinder Loan

Sotheby's Presents Its Second Sale of Turkish Contemporary Art

Anselm Kiefer Installation an International Coup for the Art Gallery of Ontario

Glasgow Art Fair 2010: Announces the 46 Selected Galleries

Celebrity Photographer Felice Quinto Dies at 80 in Rockville

Getty Announces Survey of Developments in Photographic Representations of Food

How Did Chinese Artists Learn and Practice Their Craft?

High Museum of Art Names Artist Renee Stout as David C. Driskell Prize Winner

Shaped by War: Photographs by Don McCullin at The Imperial War Museum

Charles Ryskamp's Romantic Drawings on View at the Yale Center for British Art

Yona Friedman, Thomas Lommée, and Navid Nuur Exhibiti at Stroom

Leiden University's Unique Photography Collection on View at the Hague Museum of Photography

Award-Winning Portrait Artist, Laurel Boeck, Starts Year with Another Honor

Provocative Kenyan-Born Artist to Tear Up Gallery Walls at AGO

Rare Collection of Woven Sculptures and Baskets Donated to Museum of Arts and Design

Guggenheim Foundation and Heirs Amicably Resolve Ownership of Malevich Work

February 8, 2010

First Major Retrospective of the Work of Der Blaue Reiter Ever Held in the Netherlands Opens

"Pep Art" Pioneer David Willardson and Marshall Swerman at Rebecca Molayem

Louisiana Museum Presents Exhibition from the Merzbacher Collection

Albert Müller: Paintings, Sculptures and Prints at Kunstmuseum Basel

Amber: Treasures from Poland on View at the Hunterian Art Gallery

Exhibition of Work by The Singh Twins Announced at the National Portrait Gallery

Genesis Publications Chronicles the Adventures of The Traveling Wilburys

MCA Chicago Presents Exhibition that Examines the Artist's Studio as Subject

Pop Art from the Collection of Valencia's IVAM Travels to Cuba

Cuban-American Artist Jorge Pardo to Exhibit at the Irish Museum of Modern At

Ariel Hassan to Show Works with a Degree of Theatricality at Greenaway Art

Kunsthaus Bregenz Presents Candice Breitz's Best Known Video Installations

Last Week to See Exhibition of Howard Hodgkin's Major Prints

Spectacular Digital Moving Image Installation for Canary Wharf Underground Station

Delaware Art Museum Presents Women Collared for Work

Bielefelder Kunstverein Opens Group Exhibition "In the Event of Suspicion"

Two-Person Exhibition Focusing on Ancestry, Nature, and Form at MACLA

New Exhibition by Robert Fuerer in the Purchase College Library

Lehman College Art Gallery Shows a Selection of Work by 21 Contemporary Artists

High Welcomes More than 100,000 Participants to Art Access Program

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Neanderthals and humans were both living in Europe for between 2,600 and 5,400 years

2.- First major exhibition to explore the historical legacy of African cultural astronomy opens at LACMA

3.- Carlo Mollino's idealized vision of the female form in new book published by Damiani/Crump

4.- Tate Britain displays works by Frank Auerbach from the collection of Lucian Freud

5.- In grave robber territory, locals abuzz over Alexander-era tomb; Largest of its kind ever discovered in Greece

6.- Lambert Collection opens an ambitious project housed at the Sainte-Anne Prison

7.- Centre for Contemporary Art Singapore announces the first 18 artists in the CCA Residencies progamme

8.- Historic Kings Theatre is transformed into major New York Performing Arts venue

9.- Thirteen's American Masters Series co-produces new documentary about photographer Dorothea Lange

10.- Sotheby's New York to offer 548 Edward Weston photographs as a single lot this September

Related Stories



Exhibition Explores a Foundation for Chinese Contemporary Art

First Exhibition in the U.S. to Explore the World of Confucius and his Descendants

Humanism in China: A Contemporary Record of Photography to Open at China Institute Gallery



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site