Error: 3002 Source: GeoIP.asp line 56: File could not be opened. Austrian avant-gardist Curt Stenvert is subject of exhibition at Vienna's Belvedere
The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 Sunday, October 4, 2015

Austrian avant-gardist Curt Stenvert is subject of exhibition at Vienna's Belvedere
Curt Stenvert, The Year of the Child Is Over!!! (Opus 747), 1983. Assemblage, 85 x 15 x 130 cm. Belvedere, Vienna - gift from a private collection © VBK Vienna, 2011, Photo: Belvedere, Vienna.
VIENNA.- The Austrian avant-gardist Curt Stenvert (1920–1992), who was born as Kurt Steinwendner, had made his first appearance as a painter, before he gained international recognition with his films and, starting in 1962, with his object art. NEODADAPOP is the first show to present the artist’s complete oeuvre. During his studies under Albert Paris Gütersloh and Fritz Wotruba at the Vienna Academy, Stenvert primarily dealt with the themes of movement and perspective, which found their expression in sculptures made of aluminium and acrylic glass. His Violinist in Four Phases of Movement (1947) earned the founder member of the legendary Art Club admiration from renowned colleagues, including Marc Adrians: “Standing in front of it, one was simply astounded that it was possible to dissolve a sculpture into movement.”

Movement remained one of the central elements in Stenvert’s work and became a crucial motivation for his preoccupation with the medium of film. Stenvert’s early filmic works, such as the first Austrian experimental film Der Rabe [The Raven] (1951), deal with the biological, psychological, sociological, and philosophical conditions of human existence. There followed numerous experimental, feature, and documentary films that received international awards. These films also led Stenvert to his unusual object assemblages, with which he attracted attention at the 33rd Biennale di Venezia in 1966 and subsequently in museum exhibitions in Italy, Sweden, and Germany. Curator Harald Krejci: “Stenvert the visual artist is unthinkable without Stenvert the filmmaker. The theory of cybernetics was essential for him in order to give artistic shape to complex intellectual processes and activities.” In line with his time, Stenvert interpreted art as a social medium, his works lending the student unrests, public protests, and anti-war initiatives a language of their own that was to serve as an “enlightenment of existence via the eye”.

The Belvedere, staging Stenvert’s first and hitherto only one-man show in Austria as early as 1975, is now presenting the first comprehensive retrospective of the artist’s oeuvre. Amidst objects, films, and paintings, the three-part work Stalingrad (1964–67) constitutes one of the exhibition’s highlights. Juxtapositions with examples by Marcel Duchamp, Richard Lindner, Wolf Vostell, Daniel Spoerri, and Arman are meant to illustrate Stenvert’s relationship to Neo-Surrealism, Pop Art, Neo-Dada, Fluxus, and Nouveau Réalisme.

Themes of the exhibiton

Violinist in Four Phases of Movement – An Unusual Sculpture
At the wish of his father, Stenvert – then twelve years old – was to learn to play the violin. This undertaking proved toilsome and unsuccessful. Beginning in 1937, the artist created drawings involving both the violin and music in general. Stenvert also became increasingly interested in the phenomenon of motion, and in the relationships between individual phases of movement and perspective. Subsequently he created works, on paper and in oils, depicting a violinist in multiple phases of movement. Stenvert’s exploration of movement and mechanics, as well as his interest in unifying Cubism, Futurism and Constructivism in one work, culminated in the unusual Plexiglas and aluminum sculpture of 1947, Violinist in Four Phases of Movement. Four individual phases of movement were captured in an elaborate life-size sculpture, which unfortunately has not survived to the present day. This seminal work numbers among the most unusual sculptures of both Austrian and international art history in the 1940s. The violin is a motif to which the artist frequently returned in later works.

Wrestling was a theme that also interested Stenvert. Matches could be seen at the Heumarkt in Vienna, and the drawings they inspired Stenvert to produce generally depict several overlapping phases of movement. The artist also explored the confrontation between the human and the machine, as can be seen in the painting Lesbia contra Motor and in the 1955 film Giant and Girl.

“Kurt Steinwendner influenced me profoundly […]. I was very impressed by his ‘Violinist in Four Phases of Movement’, which he created using Plexiglas. One stood before it and was astonished at how it was possible to dissolve a sculpture into movement.” - Marc Adrian, 1996.

The Legacy of Marcel Duchamp,/B>
In a note from a work description, Stenvert names The Bride, one of Duchamp’s central works, as an intellectual model for his object montages. Beginning in 1962, Stenvert increasingly devoted his attention to object art. Initially he developed flat vitrines having a concrete, reduced formal language. Later these works expanded into complex assemblages that at times also integrated writing. In Europe, after the impact of Abstract Expressionism had subsided, artists’ attention returned to Duchamp and his conceptual approach to using found objects. The New Realists around Yves Klein in France and the Fluxus artists in Germany showed renewed interest in the Dada movement of the 1920s. In 1965 the Austrian art historian Wieland Schmied put on a Duchamp exhibition in Hanover. Schmied – who during the same year also opened the Stenvert exhibitions in Berlin at the Benjamin Katz Gallery and in Düsseldorf at the Niepel Gallery – was an important figure for the artist, with whom he engaged in intense discussions. It was most of all the box format that inspired Stenvert, and numerous other artists as well. Arman and Spoerri provide good examples for this development, and thus our exhibition includes a work by Arman that was part of the Suitcase developed by Spoerri in 1961. The reception of Dada was also an important aspect of the exhibition Pop etc. – held at the Vienna modern art museum known as the 20er Haus – where Stenvert, as well as Frohner and Rainer, showed new object assemblages.

The Doll as a Metaphor of Being
In his object assemblages Stenvert often used lay figures, mannequins and model skeletons. They served him as symbols and metaphors for the human being. Thus he tied in with a tradition that found expression in the art of Surrealists like Hans Bellmer, and that provided artistic material for the international object art of the 1950s and 1960s.

Using dolls and skeletons, he constructed situations in which the human being is – voluntarily or involuntarily – obliged to take part. Stenvert explored the human being’s problematic relationship to his environment and his social surroundings, and also to fundamental questions of being. In the fifth episode of the film Viennese Women, “Helene”, he uses the example of the puppeteer as a vehicle for exploring the social milieus of the time, linking them with queries into the various dimensions of human existence. The human always enters the picture as a being compelled – between personal responsibility and social compulsion – to make decisions.

“Forced to be human”: this frequently used phrase demonstrates how the human being, from birth onward, is spanned between the poles of “positivism” and “spirituality”. Understanding human existence as a whole and putting the human at the center of interest always remained the primary impulse of Stenvert‘s artistic creation.

Battle of the Sexes
After intensive exploration of the questions of human existence, Stenvert turned his attention to the woman as a theme for his art. The media role models of the 1950s were dominated by images of the woman as the guarantor of family bliss, as the loving and dutiful mother and housewife. Stenvert thematized the neglected side of such conservative roles by drawing attention to the problems surrounding the woman’s role as a sex object. In the mid-1960s the introduction of the Pill broke open the ossified role models. Stenvert, in the object Forced to Be Human & Castaway in Space, shows how precisely those attributes assigned to the good housewife had become a straightjacket of tradition in an age of massive social transformations. He was interested in the woman’s new self-determination, and in his object cases he explored this theme in a variety of situations. Stenvert reacted positively toward women’s new self-confidence, which formed the backdrop before which he interpreted motifs such as the female cosmonaut, the victim of violence and the modern “Eva”.

Stalingrad – or: The Profitability Computation of a Tyrannicide – A Didactic Object
Political themes arise repeatedly in Stenvert’s work, and here he could be compared to Wolf Vostell or John Heartfield. Already during the war, the artist created drawings of soldiers, of apocalypse and murder. In the late 1950s Stenvert produced short films for the Austrian Army, including The Patriot or A Lunar Rocket for Every Austrian. His further exploration of this thematic complex, as well as of historic events such as the Prague Spring, the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Kennedy assassination, led him to conceive a work that, despite its highly charged visual language and content, is a strong statement for the human being and a plea for humanity.

“Kill dictators in time!” wrote Stenvert regarding his work Stalingrad. In two volumes he provides a detailed account of the conception and realization of the central work of his object art, which was created in the years 1964–67. “Live in freedom” is the tenet upon which the work is based; it is through “existential illumination via the eye” that the beholder is to achieve this insight. In order to safeguard coming generations from the scourge of a new war, Stenvert plunged into an exploration of one of the largest and most terrible battles of the Second World War, filling three vitrines with countless articles of war, which shockingly demonstrate to every beholder the brutality, and also the senselessness, of war: mutilation, cannibalism, a brain-eating Hitler, animal heads, body parts, blood, everyday objects. “Rescue your sons!” was the warning call at the end of the third vitrine, which closes with photographs of the artist’s son.

Stalingrad was shown in 1967 at the Musée d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris and in 1968 at the Musée national d’art moderne. The arrangement of the work as it was then displayed is retained in this presentation. Stenvert prescribed the barriers between the vitrines as a means of establishing a precise viewing sequence and controlling the work’s readability, thus drawing a relationship to film.

Painting – Late Work
Beginning in 1971, Stenvert increasingly turned his attention to painting. In doing so he tied in with the motion studies he had done in the 1940s. A further influence that he named was the Viennese Kineticism of the 1920s, which had also been devoted to the exploration of movement. In this context, Stenvert was interested in the ways in which human perception operate, and he sought possibilities for achieving processual depictions of the perception of movement. His interest in cybernetic theories, which had begun in the 1960s, also emerges in these paintings. With an almost scientific meticulousness, he analyzes, for example, an encounter between two people, visualizing it as a segmented sequence of figures and abstract color fragments. Stenvert himself named the work of Richard Lindner, an artistic autodidact and a prominent exponent of American Pop Art, as an important influence on his late painting. Beyond the formal influence, we also see correspondences in content, for example in Lindner’s exploration of the theme of interpersonal communication in the painting Telephone. Another essential feature of Stenvert’s late painting is his rediscovery of the gold ground, which can be seen as a vehicle for reflecting anew on “the spiritual in art”.

Vienna Belvedere | Curt Stenvert |

Last Week News

October 16, 2011

Major exhibition of Norwegian pioneer of modern art Edvard Munch at Kunsthalle Bremen

Milwaukee Art Museum premieres groundbreaking Impressionism exhibition

High develops new smartphone application for "Picasso to Warhol" exhibition

First-ever retrospective of Richard Serra's drawings on view at San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

Vitra Museum opens retrospective on one of the most influential reformers of the 20th century

Getty Research Institute presents "Greetings from L.A.: Artists and Publics, 1950-1980

International Fine Art Expositions joins together with Chartis for the 2012 fair season

Peggy Guggenheim Museum offers visitors fresh perceptions of the museum's collection

Memory: Contemporary international sculpture by nine artists on view at Rosenfeld Porcini

Photography exhibition reveals life in India's coal belt at London's Gallery S O.

Tate and BMW announce major new international partnership: BMW Tate Live

Canadian artists Daniel Young and Christian Giroux win the 2011 Sobey Art Award

Grimmuseum and Museum of Contemporary Art Roskilde present a text spaced exhibition

Menil, Whitney, and Harvard Art Museums launch artists documentation program online archive

People for the American Way: 30 years of fighting for freedom of expression and the arts

The Montclair Art Museum presents Marina Zurkow: Friends, Enemies, and Others

Greek cartoonists draw the crisis

Army museum's morbid oddities resettled in Maryland

The Robert Berman Gallery offers Transformation, the companion show to Paid to Play

October 15, 2011

Berlin's Martin-Gropius-Bau presents more than 200 photographs of Ai Weiwei in New York

Gobekli Tepe: The world's oldest temple under conservation by the Global Heritage Fund

David Zwirner to present works by American artist Dan Flavin at FIAC 2011 in Paris

Sotheby's New York announces 19th century European art auction in November

American International Fine Art Fair returns to Palm Beach, Florida in February 2012

Photographer Annie Leibovitz gets personal with exhibition at Russia's Pushkin Museum

David LaChapelle portrait of Alexander McQueen and his 'Muse' Isabella Blow acquired by National Portrait Gallery

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art presents Lunch Break by Sharon Lockhart

Maurice Prendergast Paris scene oil painting unearthed by art specialist at Clarke Auction

Alex Mann joins the Chrysler as the Joan and Macon Brock curator of American art

Exhibition by Puerto Rican artist Enoc Perez opens at Faggionato Fine Art in London

Photography exhibition at the Oakland Museum of California inspires reflection on the 1991 catastrophic fire

Jonathan Ferrara Gallery in New Orleans presents "Junk Shot": New work by Skylar Fein

Commode formerly at Doddington Hall, Lincolnshire, for 150 years, to sell at Bonhams

Camera captures glacial change: Exhibition at London's Royal Geographical Society

A second edition that confirms the potential of the Moroccan art market

Maynard Crossland chosen as new President/CEO for Shaker Village, Kentucky

"Le Decor et Son Double" exhibition by Daniel Buren opens at S.M.A.K

Winner of £10,000 Spode Award announced at British Ceramics Biennial 2011

October 14, 2011

Sotheby's Contemporary Art and 20th Century Italian Art Sales Achieve Multiple Records

Georges Braque: "Pioneer of Modernism" exhibition on view at Acquavella Galleries

"Expressionismus & Expressionismi" exhibition opens at Pinacotheque de Paris

United States government returns looted Jules Breton painting to French officials

China's dissident artist Ai Weiwei tops ArtReview's 10th annual "Power 100" list

The Unilever Series 2011 unveils the twelfth commission: Tacita Dean's FILM     

Haunch of Venison presents solo exhibition by Ahmed Alsoudani in London

"Focus on the Collection: Expressionist Landscape" opens at the Saint Louis Art Museum

MOCA announces music & popular culture icon Deborah Harry to perform at MOCA Gala 2011

Seattle Art Museum's Asian treasures showcased in Luminous: The Art of Asia

Enrico Castellani's monochromatic embossed canvasses on view at Tornabuoni Art Gallery

Tate acquires new works by emerging and leading international artists at Frieze Art Fair

London's Frieze Art Fair day two: Peering into the art market parallel universe

Shelburne Museum announces center for art and education

The Speed Art Museum presents exhibition by Willie Doherty: Traces

First major UK exhibition of Polish artist Wilhelm Sasnal at the Whitechapel Gallery

Bonhams winter sale of fine Native American art to feature one of the earliest known Cheyenne quilled shirts

Miami Art Museum presents US debut of Schneebett by Enrique Martinez Celaya

October 13, 2011

Hundreds of collectors descend on London for the annual contemporary art frenzy

Christie's to sell property from the collection of Hollywood legends Lew and Edie Wasserman

Marc Chagall and the Russian Avant-Garde opens at the Art Gallery of Ontario

First exhibition on Pietro Perugino, Raphael's Master at Bayerische Staatsgemaldesammlungen

Actor Richard Gere's guitar collection fetches $1 million at Christie's in New York City

The Spanish Line: Drawings from Ribera to Picasso at the Courtauld Institute

Rug world evolves: Art collectors beginning to hone in on 19th century oriental rugs

One of the most influential contemporary art fairs, ArtPalmBeach celebrates 15th anniversary

Diary by indignant small-town official shows Germans could have known of Nazi horrors

40,000-piece entertainment memorabilia archive to be auctioned at Don Presley Auction Co.

Dale Chihuly's Lime Green Icicle Tower will remain at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Rare to market illustrated and hand-colored Fontaine fables highlight Fall auction

Elsa Schiaparelli and Miuccia Prada to be focus of Spring 2012 Costume Institute exhibition

Rare 1920 Gandhi letter advocating peace sells for nearly $25,000

Works by Humberto Calzada and Magdalena Fernández at the Frost Art Museum

Irish Museum of Modern Art announces closure of main building

Artist-led teams create scenarios for revitalization of Long Island City Neighborhood

Solo exhibition of new work by Richard Tuttle, "Light & Colour" at Stuart Shave/Modern Art

October 12, 2011

Dresden's Museum of Military History redesigned by Architect Daniel Libeskind

Adapting the eye: An archive of the British in India, 1770-1830 at the Yale Center for British Art

Select group of vintage photographs by Eugène Atget at James Hyman Photography

Sotheby's New York to offer four monumental bronze sculptures by Henri Matisse

National Museums Scotland opens show devoted to Admiral Lord Cochrane

Sotheby's to present Abstraction-Figuration: A private collection including works by Gerhard Richter

Atelier 17 and its connection to abstract expressionism and the New York School at Swann Galleries

Bertoia's Toys on Tour auction blends the best of European and American toys from premier collections

Archives of American Art contributes photo collection to Wikimedia commons

Biennale of Sydney announces new Board Director, avid collector Paris Neilson

Lisson Gallery presents a solo exhibition of new work from Cory Arcangel

Guggenheim Museum presents Intervals by Brooklyn-based artist Nicola Lopez

Exhibition of new paintings by British artist Michael Stubbs at Laurent Delaye     

Sevres style porcelain urns bring $65,725 to lead Heritage Auctions' first ever Signature Estate Auction

Franz West sculptures installed on the roof of the Institute of Contemporary Arts

The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art names education director

New White Cube opens in London

Exchange and Evolution: Worldwide Video Long Beach 1974-1999

German 14-light Candelabra pair brings $86,638, in Silver & Vertu section of Heritage Auctions event

October 11, 2011

A masterpiece visits De Nieuwe Kerk for five weeks:"The Holy Family" by Rembrandt

Richard Burton-Elizabeth Taylor romance puts sparkle in diamonds auction at Christie's

First United Kingdom exhibition of drawings by Robert Motherwell opens at Bernard Jacobson Gallery

'Warhol: Bardot' opens at Gagosian Gallery with portraits never exhibited before

Tate St Ives presents The Indiscipline of Painting: International abstraction from the 1960s to now

Tiancheng International to offer Rodin's Monumental Head of Pierre de Wissant

Major new body of etchings by British artist Ian Davenport at Alan Cristea Gallery

"Two Schools Of Cool" exhibition at the Orange County Museum of Art in California

Warhol art app, showcasing the extensive collection of the Warhol Museum

Camden Arts Centre presents "I saw square triangle sine" exhibition of new works by Haroon Mirza

Sotheby's to offer a spectacular, unique boxed set of Stieg Larsson's celebrated millennium trilogy

British artist Rachel Howard's "Folie a Deux" exhibit on view at Blain-Southern

Exhibition of 5,000 Years of Chinese Jade on view at the San Antonio Museum of Art

Arts funding doesn't show diversity

Urban Art Projects connects shining artist with Sydney's New Star

Gabriel Kuri: Before contingency after the fact exhibition at South London Gallery

Evento 2011 helps reinvent Bordeaux in an ongoing way

World Chess Hall of Fame exhibition explores relationship between art and chess

Los Angeles Modern Auctions breaks multiple records with the Richard Dorso Collection

Judge upholds Barnes Foundation's move to Philly

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Archaeologists find skeletons of 200 Napoleonic troops buried in western Gemany

2.- Janis Joplin's Porsche 356C Cabriolet set for RM Sotheby's New York auction stage

3.- Landmark exhibition of Ai Weiwei's work opens at the Royal Academy of Arts in London

4.- The Broad opens with panoramic exhibition of masterworks from its collection

5.- Major Van Gogh landscape + radical Malevich masterpiece join Sotheby's NY sale

6.- Swiss art dealer Yves Bouvier charged in France with stealing Picasso works of art

7.- Ambitious exhibition in Amsterdam brings together Vincent van Gogh and Edvard Munch

8.- Tourists fume as unions shut down Rome Colosseum

9.- Art stars Anish Kapoor and Ai Weiwei stage refugee solidarity walk in London

10.- Sotheby's celebrates 10 years of exhibitions of monumental sculpture at Chatsworth

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez
Social Network Manager and Translator: Norma Cristina Pérez Ayala Cano

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site