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James Surls: The Splendora Years, 1977-1997
James Surls, Cut Hand Hurt Eyes (detail), 1984-1988. Woodcut, printed in red and black ink. 73.5 x 37 in (186.7 x 94 cm). Collection Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, gift of Marilou and John Long.
HOUSTON, TEXAS.-The Blaffer Gallery at the University of Houston presents James Surls: The Splendora Years, 1977-1997, on view through November 12, 2005. James Surls: The Splendora Years, 1977-1997 will be the artist's first major scholarly exhibition in over twenty years and offers American audiences a rare opportunity to fully assess the depth and breadth of Surls' important contribution to the field of contemporary sculpture. James Surls: The Splendora Years, 1977-1997 offers a survey of sculpture, wall works, drawings, and prints, focusing on a singular twenty-year period in the career of this remarkable artist. During this period, Surls' artwork and career come together in a compelling story that interweaves the unique aspects of a specific landscape, his personal story, and the tumultuous nature of art practice in the latter half of the twentieth century, into a mélange capable of reconciling counterculture utopianism and the rigor of post-minimalist sculptural approach.

James Surls makes art to embody the inherent dualities of natural forces-positive and negative, fluid and static, male and female. His work is simultaneously joyously optimistic and darkly expressionistic and his signature forms and images, such as diamond shapes, whirling vortexes, needles, knives, and houses, infuse highly personalized folk idioms with the aesthetics of high modernism. His forms are imbued with a visual poetry that arises from the dexterity with which he manipulates wood, steel, and bronze to craft simple, even homespun narratives into objects that are freighted with universal meaning.

Surls balances his creative process between structure and intuition. On the one hand, his compositional approach was forged from his education and professional instruction in studio art in undergraduate and graduate art school. On the other hand he believes in the invisible, underlying forms inherent in natural materials like wood or stone, his preferred materials.

As a student his work was largely abstract, drawn in part from the ordered chaos of Abstract Expressionism and the Surrealist notion of automatism, or as he says, "the 'just do it' mode of making." By the early 1970s, he began to take more control of the process, seeking to find the balance between his conscious artistic intentions and his more spontaneous, emotional approaches. Its was at this time that recognizable imagery-figures, houses, flowers-emerged as the dominant vocabulary of his work.

Wood is his signature material, and carving and cutting his preferred gesture. This is a natural outcome of his childhood. With his father a carpenter, Surls grew up sawing cedar logs for lumber, making wood beams for housing construction. He is as confident of his mastery of tools as he is with his artistic vision and his ability to see the possibilities trapped within natural materials. He speaks of "powerful forces waiting in the wood just to be released. But the other side of that is the powerful ability to read the possibility inherent to materials." The rest, he feels, is a direct process of sawing, carving, and whittling that brings the work to life. It is for that reason that his bronzes are cast from wood constructions as well. The duality of Surls's balancing act between logic and intuition is clearly illustrated when the intense physicality of his sculpture, executed over time in the social setting of his studio and the help of assistants is juxtaposed against the delicate, almost ephemeral nature of his drawings. Executed in solitude and in the spirit of automatic writing, they are intimate psychological blueprints to a particular state of mind.

In 1977 Surls acquired a large tract of land in Splendora, Texas where he built a spacious studio. The ensuing twenty years in which he worked there was a period of remarkable growth and development. These Splendora years were an especially productive period for him, a time when his art "exploded" in a rapid succession of artistic breakthroughs. Surls also views this period as his "romantic" period, because of the synergy between his artistic development and the east Texas landscape from which he took both raw materials and his intellectual inspiration.

No artist of his generation has had a greater impact upon the development of Texas as a locus of vibrant creativity than James Surls. Surls is a self-described "eternal optimist," and his infectious enthusiasm for all matters artistic made him a catalyst for a generation of young artists during these years. As an instructor and cultural impresario he encouraged artists, including Sharon Kopriva, Joseph Havel, Michael Galbreth and Jack Massing (The Art Guys), among others, to expand the boundaries of their social and aesthetic expressions. But Surls is not simply a regional artist. His unique blend of natural force and intellectual concepts places him securely within the international artistic circuit.

A native of East Texas (he was born in Terrell in 1943) Surls graduated from Sam Houston State University in Huntsville before achieving his Masters of Fine Arts at Cranbook Academy in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. In 1969 he returned to Texas to teach sculpture at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, before coming to Houston in 1976 to teach sculpture at the University of Houston. In 1979 he was the driving force for the establishment of the Lawndale Annex, a thriving and vibrant alternative space that grew organically from a warehouse for student studios on the University campus into the Lawndale Art and Performance Center, largely through his entrepreneurial spirit. After leaving Lawndale and his teaching position at UH in 1982, Surls devoted himself full time to his studio practice and artistic vision for the growing compound in Splendora. Since 1998 he and his family have lived in Colorado.

The exhibition is organized by Blaffer Gallery's director Terrie Sultan and will be accompanied by a fully-illustrated catalogue with an introduction by Sultan and an interpretive essay be Eleanor Heartney, contributing editor to Art in America and the author of Postmodernism and Critical Condition: American Culture at the Crossroads. Published and distributed by University of Texas Press, the catalogue also features a series of insightful interviews with key figures in the Houston art community, an exhibition history and bibliography.

James Surls: The Splendora Years, 1977-1997 was made possible in part by generous support from an anonymous donor, the Eleanor and Frank Freed Foundation, Houston Endowment Inc., Marilyn Oshman, Jane Blaffer Owen, and Carey C. Shuart.

Funding was also provided by Nancy C. Allen, Tim and Nancy Hanley, Ann and James Harithas, Claudia and David Hatcher, Molly Hipp and Ford Hubbard III, Sharon and Gus Kopriva, Nancy and Rob Martin, Karen and Eric Pulaski, Shirley and Don Rose, and Texas State Bank.

James Surls: The Splendora Years, 1977-1997 is a fully-illustrated catalogue with an introduction by Terrie Sultan, director of Blaffer Gallery, and an interpretive essay be Eleanor Heartney, contributing editor to Art in America and the author of Postmodernism and Critical Condition: American Culture at the Crossroads. Published and distributed by University of Texas Press, the catalogue also features a series of insightful interviews with key figures in the Houston art community, an exhibition history and bibliography. Price is $40. To purchase, please visit University of Texas press.

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