Error: 3002 Source: GeoIP.asp line 56: File could not be opened. Stunning Drawings from Weimar Museums
The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 Friday, October 9, 2015

Stunning Drawings from Weimar Museums
Jean-Marc Nattier, Madame de Marsolier and Her Daughter, 1757. Black chalk, stump, heightened with white chalk, on brown paper, 428 x 324 mm. Schlossmuseum.
NEW YORK.- From Callot to Greuze: French Drawings from Weimar, an exhibition opening on June 1, 2005, at The Frick Collection presents to American audiences a selection of approximately seventy drawings from the Schlossmuseum and the Goethe-Nationalmuseum in Weimar, Germany, and offers a unique viewing opportunity as many of these works have never before been seen outside of the former Eastern bloc countries. (The two institutions — with their collections, gardens, and buildings — united in 2003 and are now known as Stiftung Weimarer Klassik und Kunstammlungen.) The accompanying catalogue also marks the first time that many of these masterworks have been published. Sheets by Jacques Callot, Charles Lebrun, Claude Lorrain, Jacques Bellange, Simon Vouet, Jean-Antoine Watteau, François Boucher, Charles-Joseph Natoire, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, and Charles-Louis Clérisseau, among others, are included, promising to shed new light on the individual oeuvres of these artists as well as deepen our understanding of their practice as draftsmen within the context of other French masters. Comments Anne L. Poulet, Director of The Frick Collection, “this project presents the most complete assessment to date of Weimar’s French seventeenth- and eighteenth-century drawings, and we are pleased to offer most of our visitors — with both the exhibition and publication — their first viewing of this incredible collection. Indeed, the level of quality found in these works will delight and engage the general public and connoisseurs alike.”

From Callot to Greuze: French Drawings from Weimar is co-organized by the Schlossmuseum, Weimar, where it is on view this spring before traveling to The Frick Collection this summer. The exhibition’s final venue is the Musée Jacquemart-André, Paris (March 14 through June 26, 2006). Chief Curator Colin B. Bailey is coordinating the exhibition at The Frick Collection. Presentation of the exhibition in New York is made possible, in part, through the generous support of The Christian Humann Foundation, The Florence Gould Foundation, and The Helen Clay Frick Foundation. Additional support has been provided by the Fellows of The Frick Collection.

Goethe: An Extraordinary Eye Involved in Core Gatherings

In some sense, both groups of drawings claim a kinship much older than their new joint identity, since at the origin of both collections was the renowned novelist, poet, playwright, and philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832)—a passionate collector of works on paper. In his role as privy councilor to Grand Duke Carl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach — a post he assumed in 1776 — Goethe was responsible for encouraging the Crown to establish an encyclopedic study collection of prints and drawings that would survey the history of European art and provide aspiring artists with models and examples. As early as 1809, a public gallery, the Schlossmuseum, was established in the prince’s residence, with rooms set aside for the display of drawings. Long after Goethe’s death — indeed, until the final years of the nineteenth century — members of the house of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach continued to add drawings to the royal collection, and in 1885 Goethe’s own collection, along with his house and its contents, was bequeathed by his grandson to the state. Today, Weimar’s former grand ducal collections number some thirty thousand drawings, while those in the Goethe-Nationalmuseum account for just over two thousand sheets.

Although Goethe never visited Paris, he was a Francophile; an early enthusiast of Diderot’s art criticism, he particularly admired the “new energy under [Jacques-Louis] David.” He later became fascinated with Napoleon, with whom he had a personal interview in 1808. Through agents in Paris and, above all, the Leipzig dealer Carl Gustav Boerner, Goethe was able to acquire seventeenth- and eighteenth-century French drawings at relatively low prices. In May 1818 he commented to a fellow collector that “The French school is worth nothing at the moment.” Records show that he continued to make purchases at auction until well into his seventies.

Highlights from the Exhibition

Claude Lorrain (one of Goethe’s seventeenth-century heroes) is represented by three sheets, the most beautiful of which, The Reconciliation of Cephalus and Procris in the Presence of Diana, shows the doomed lovers in a majestic landscape, reunited by the goddess Diana. At left, Procris, the virtuous wife, presents her husband with gifts from the goddess of the hunt. Viewers familiar with Ovid’s tale would have known that the spear held upright by the young attendant will eventually cause her death. Even more than the dignified presentation of this mythological scene, it is the luminosity and nobility of Claude’s atmospheric landscapes that appealed to Goethe and his contemporaries. For them, Claude was the “poet of an idyllic Arcadian antiquity.”

An exceptionally beautiful and important sheet by the Lorrain master Jacques Callot, which entered the Schlossmuseum in 1898, is one of several preparatory compositions for the monumental engraving Cardinal Richelieu at the Siege of the Isle de Ré, commemorating Louis XIII’s conquest of the port city of La Rochelle in October 1628. Cardinal Richelieu, who initiated this project — for which Callot received payment in diamonds and rubies — is shown, mounted on his horse, baton in hand. Clad in his biretta and cape, Richelieu appears to be receiving orders from his young monarch, the twenty-seven-year-old Louis XIII. In the background, the French troops hasten to their boats in preparation for the attack on the island. In the finished engraving, where this motif appears at the lower left-hand corner of the composition, the figure of Richelieu was replaced by that of Gaston d’Orléans, the king’s younger brother and an avowed enemy of the cardinal. D’Orléans, who lived in Nancy while the copperplate was in the final stage of completion and took drawing lessons from Callot, evidently prevailed on the printmaker to remove his rival from the scene.

The most beautiful sheet that Goethe acquired for his collection is Watteau’s Two Dancers, a Man and a Woman, studies in the artist’s distinctive trois-crayons technique that date from around 1717. The figure of the woman, who is attired in mixed costume (her dress is contemporary fashion but the ruff around her neck and her cape are elements of fancy dress) was used for the heroine of Watteau’s Fêtes vénitiennes of c. 1718–19, now in the collection of the National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh. Her bearded companion — who seems to be taking a bow and is also shown in theatrical costume — cannot be associated with a figure in any known painting by the artist. This is consistent with Watteau’s method of sketching figures from life (often in costumes that he himself provided) and keeping them as a repository of images with which to populate his fêtes galantes. Conceived independently and without a composition in mind, these two studies nonetheless cohere to create an image of considerable refinement: the evanescent dancers, each fully absorbed in their courtly duet, respond by gesture and expression to partners we see only in our imagination.

Compositional studies, figure studies, and landscapes predominate in Weimar’s collection of eighteenth-century drawings, but Jean-Marc Nattier’s Madame de Marsollier and Her Daughter, which entered the museum in 1839, is a rare example of a highly finished portrait drawing, perhaps made by the artist to commemorate one of his most successful commissions. Nattier had painted the portrait of the beautiful and socially ambitious wife of a wealthy silk merchant and her daughter in 1749 and exhib

Last Week News

April 2, 2005

Egon Schiele Retrospective at the Van Gogh Museum

Photograph Masterworks and Iconic Imager at Christie's

International Asian Art Fair Celebrates 10 Years

Bacon Picasso. The Life of Images at Picasso Museum

Paul Noble at Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen

Kunsthalle Zurich Presents Sarah Lucas

Stephen Farthing at The Drawing Gallery

White Columns 2005 Benefit Auction

Linda S. Ferber Joins New-York Historical Society

The Public Gets Better Service As "Listing Is Changing"

Julie Speed Exhibition Opens in New York

April 1, 2005

Design Unveiled for Art Museum of Western Virginia

Renoir Painting Missing From Tajan Auction House

National Gallery of Art to Present Dada in 2006

Impressionism Abroad - Boston and French Painting

Threshold: Byron Kim 1990 - 2004 at MCASD

Broughton House Reopens After Conservation Project

Milwaukee Art Museum Appoints Chief Curator

Master Art Handler James Lebron, 76, Dies

National Academy Museum Presents Surrealism USA

Indian and Southeast Asian Art at Christie's

Smithsonian Magazine Names MAM Special Place to Visit

March 31, 2005

Image, Body, Text: Works by Gary Hill at SFMOMA

Christie's Sale of 19th Century European Art

ArtParis Opens Today at the Carrousel du Louvre

Tapies at Hara Museum of Contemporary Art

Arts Minister Defers Export Of William Blake Works

Louise Bourgeois - Selected Prints 1989-2005

Fine Arts Society Exhibition at Sharjah Biennial 7

New Walker Art Center Opens on April 17, 2005

Israel Museum Partners With Martin-Gropius-Bau

Easter Holiday Ice Breakers at Tate St Ives

World Trade Center Memorial Exhibit

March 30, 2005

Gilbert Stuart Retrospective at National Gallery of Art

Previously Unrecorded Brancusi Sculpture

Damien Hirst Admits Some Works Are Silly

Tessa Jowell Unveils Creative Sparks

Contagious Media at the New Museum of Contemporary

Anthony G. Hirschel New Director of the Smart Museum

$3.9 Million to Brooklyn Museum For Survey

Ana Patricia Palacios - Doubles Singuliers

12th Annual Elaine Horwitch Lecture in Contemporary Art

Making a Mark at Bank of Ireland Arts Centre

March 29, 2005

Two Hundred Years of American Drawings at Hood

Copley to Cassatt: American Painting from the DIA

Untamed Beauty: Tigers in Japanese Art

Dan Flavin: A Retrospective at Modern Art Museum

Keir Smith - Shadows and Whispers at Drawing Gallery

Mapping the Pacific Coast at Nevada Museum

Simryn Gill - Standing still at AGNSW

Jean Prouvé: A Tropical House

Philadelphia Center for the Book Hosts Panel Discussion

New Associate Curator to Join Toledo Museum of Art

Get It Off Your Chest at Orange County Center

March 28, 2005

Comme le Reve le Dessin Opens at Musée du Louvre

Our Highland Home: Victoria and Albert in Scotland

Tate Announces Major Funding for Turner studies

Sheila Isham's The Victoria Series on View

Kabuki Actors Exit Life's Stage in "Floating World"

Original Norman Rockwell Study of JFK

Kreeger Museum Presents ON MUSIC : Tim Rollins + KOS

DIA's Finest American Paintings On Tour

The Corcoran 2005 Print Portfolio: Drawn to Representation

Hirshhorn Deputy Director To Be Honored

Down-Home Meets High-Style: The Fashions of Patrick Kelly

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- British archaeologist Nicholas Reeves aims to pinpoint legendary Queen Nefertiti's tomb

2.- Exhibition at the Victoria & Albert Museum explores the world of Indian textiles and fashion

3.- Rare Byzantine mosaic that depicts ancient streets and buildings in Egypt restored

4.- Sopranos actor/art collector Federico Castelluccio to pen book on Guercino discovery

5.- Exhibition at the McNay Art Museum presents more than 50 works created by Joan Miró

6.- Major monographic exhibition of works by Tamara de Lempicka on view in Verona

7.- Virginia Museum of Fine Arts acquires painting commissioned by King George III

8.- Tang Museum at Skidmore College receives 500 photographs from Jack Shear

9.- The Rijksmuseum and the Louvre to jointly buy rare Rembrandts for 160 mn euros

10.- Rail life: History of trains brought to life in a state-of-the art museum in Brussels

Related Stories

Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York

Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures

Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year

China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction

Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere

Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport

Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff

Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold

Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona Award

The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez
Social Network Manager and Translator: Norma Cristina Pérez Ayala Cano

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site