is presenting a career-spanning exhibition of sculpture and works on paper by Franz West.
From abstract and interactive sculpture to furniture and collage, Wests protean oeuvre possesses a character that is at once lighthearted and deeply philosophical. Manipulating everyday materials and imagery in order to examine arts relation to social experience, West revolutionized the interplay of concealment and exposure, action and reaction, both in and outside the gallery.
The exhibition marks key formal and conceptual developments in Wests creative process. While the early plaster sculptures, Paßstücke (Adaptives), were made to be moved, touched, and handledtransforming viewers into participantslater works incorporate more fragile materials, such as papier-mâché and glass bottles, which he combined in the Labstücke (Refresher Pieces) from the early 1980s. In 1986, West reversed the impetus behind his earlier sculpture, creating static works that maintain a sense of fragility and flux, eschewing the idea that sculpture is a fixed, permanent entity detached from the viewers world. Untitled (Triangolo n.1) (1988), a white, diamond-like sculpture, is displayed on a metal stand like a rare, distorted jewel; and Skeptik (1987) is comprised of brown paper interspersed with gray, black, and peach pigments, resembling a chunk of marbled earth.
West often invited other artists to contribute to his work, such as the untitled sculptures painted by Herbert Brandl: a long, blue spike with a pointed top, and a textured, magenta square. Color continues to intensify in Wests later work; Sisyphos VIII (2002), a mottled mass of papier-mâché, Styrofoam, and cardboard, is elegantly spackled with bright blues and yellows.
As well as the sculptures, there are several collages, wherein West selectively painted over images, isolating people and objects from their contexts in order to underscore the staged, discordant relationships between them. A group of intimate ink drawings and collages from the early 1970s reveals West's Viennese roots, and his ability to depict and subvert sexuality in its public form. Merging the mundane and the mystical, the public and the private, Wests work introduces combinations and revisions that continue to unfold in the space between the real and the imagined.
Franz West was born in Vienna in 1947, and died in Vienna in 2012. Collections include Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Tate, London; Museum Ludwig, Cologne; Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt; Museo Nazionale delle Arti del XXI Secolo (MAXXI), Rome; Albertina, Vienna; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; and Museum of Modern Art, New York. Recent institutional exhibitions include Burning, Musée dArt Contemporain, Marseille, France (2002); Franzwestite: Franz West Works 19732003, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London (2003); We'll Not Carry Coals, Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria (2003); Franz West: Recent Sculptures, Lincoln Center and Doris C. Freedman Plaza, New York (2004); Vancouver Art Gallery (2005); Les Pommes dAdam, Place Vendôme, Paris (2007, traveled to Hall Art Foundation at MASS MoCA, North Adams, MA in 2014); Sit on My Chair, Lay on My Bed, Museum für angewandte Kunst (MAK), Vienna (2008); To Build A House You Start with the Roof: Work, 19722008, Baltimore Museum of Art, MD (2008, traveled to Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) in 2009); Fondation Beyeler, Basel (2009); White Elephant, Museo Tamayo, Mexico City (2009); Franz West: Auto-Theatre, Museum Ludwig, Cologne (2010, traveled to Museo dArte contemporanea DonnaRegina (MADRE), Naples; and Universalmuseum Joanneum, Graz, Austria, through 2011); Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA (2012); Franz West: Where is my Eight? Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig (mumok), Vienna (2013, traveled to Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt; and The Hepworth Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, through 2014).
Wests work is featured in the 57th Biennale di Venezia, through November 26. In fall 2018, a major retrospective will open at the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, and will travel to the Tate Modern, London the following year.