The collection of one of Irelands most important families of the last century will be offered for sale at Sothebys
in London on 27 September 2017. Illuminating the private world of the Yeats family, the auction will comprise literary material, paintings, drawings and the personal effects of artist John Butler Yeats and his four children: poet W.B, embroidery designer Lily, printing press pioneer Lolly, and artist Jack.
The sale will not only cast new light on the artistic development of these important figures, but also reveal a little of what life was like inside the Yeats family home. Alongside significant paintings, letters and drawings are unseen family sketch books, a family scrapbook, illustrated scribbling diaries, photographs, hand-decorated furniture, Jacks model boats, personalised silver, a top hat, a hand-painted trunk, and the family dining table.
With over 220 lots in total, estimates in the sale start at £80120 (100150) for W.B.s retractable telescope, and go up to £250,000350,000 (281,000394,000) for the star lot: over 130 letters between W.B. and his life-long friend and first lover, Olivia Shakespear.
Highlights from the collection will be unveiled for the first time in a public exhibition at the Royal Hibernian Academy in Dublin from 1416 September, ahead of an exhibition in London from 2226 September (please see further details in notes to editors). The majority of artworks in the collection have not been seen in public for over 30 years, and the personal effects have never been exhibited before.
The collection has been cared for by the descendants of W.B. Yeats in the family home near Dublin for over 75 years. For three generations, the family has provided a huge wealth of material to the Irish nation, including last years donation to the National Library of Ireland of W.B. Yeatss Nobel Prize medal, valued at 1.5 million.
Ahead of Sothebys sale, Irelands national institutions were given the opportunity to acquire any of the items in the collection. Consequently, the National Library has made private purchases of a number of items, including correspondence between W.B. Yeats and James Joyce, the Dream Diary of W.B. Yeatss wife George, and the Yeats family library. The Art & Industrial Division of the National Museum of Ireland, following inspections of the Yeats Collection in March and April 2017 also acquired seven works (including a walnut reading/writing table owned and used by WB Yeats, WB Yeats homemade series of occult artefacts, his series of Japanese Noh theatre masks and a silver box containing 8 coins, inscribed SAORSTÁT ÉIREANN. PRESENTED BY THE MINISTER FOR FINANCE TO W.B. YEATS ESQ. A MEMBER OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON DESIGNS FOR THE COINAGE, 1928.) for the national collection. The acquisitions by both institutions were made possible by the generous financial support of the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht.
Additional works from the Yeats family collection will be offered in Ireland by Fonsie Mealy Auctioneers, in November and December, at Castlecomer and Dublin.
A spokesman for the family said: Our family has enjoyed these items for many years. We are delighted that they will now be exhibited and available for everyone to see in Dublin and in London and for collectors to have the opportunity to acquire their own piece of Irish history.
Charlie Minter, Head of Irish Art at Sothebys, said: This is an intimate, personal collection of many never-before-seen works that shed light on the fabled Yeats family, their influence and personal connections. All the family are represented in this sale. There is a particularly impressive group of works by John, too often the forgotten father of the Yeats family. His work appears rarely at auction; this is our chance to revaluate his pictures and appreciate the great intimacy of his sketches. sale
W.B.s letters to his life-long friend and first lover, Olivia Shakespear
This collection of over 130 handwritten letters spanning more than 40 years, from 1894 to 1936, is of the highest importance to literary history and of exceptional rarity on the open market (est. £250,000350,000 / 281,000394,000).
Olivia Shakespear was Yeatss first lover and the subject of early love poems, but over the decades their erotic entanglement transformed into one of Yeatss most important and stable friendships. Following her death Yeats commented that For more than forty years she has been the centre of my life in London. She was a significant cultural figure in her own right and shared many of Yeatss intellectual interests; she also introduced Yeats to Ezra Pound and to George Hyde-Lees, who became Yeatss wife. In this extraordinary series of letters totalling some 350 pages Yeats sends her drafts of poems, gives advice on her novels, writes of his work, life, and reading, and describes the changes in Irish politics and society from before Independence through to the 1930s.
The sale also includes w.b.s writing bureau, on which he would have written many of these letters to Olivia (est. £20,00030,000 / 22,50033,800). It was used regularly for his correspondence in later years, a period during which he both wrote some of his most memorable verse, and was newly engaged in Irish political affairs.
W.B. was, like the rest of the family, also a trained artist. The sale includes both an early sketchbook (which also contains very early poetic drafts) and two pastels of coole, the estate of Lady Gregory which Yeats described as the most beautiful place in the world (est. £7,00010,000 / 7,90011,300 and £8,00012,000 / 9,00013,500).
John Butler Yeats sketchbooks and final self-portrait
The sale will include the largest ever offering of works by John B. Yeats. He is best known for his drawings, of which over 85 are included in the sale along with 11 sketchbooks, depicting his family, the Irish countryside and celebrated contemporaries and friends, such as John OLeary, Hugh Lane, Sarah Purser and Mary Walker (Máire NicShiubhlaigh). The paintings include his important final self-portrait, commissioned by the New York lawyer, collector and patron of the arts, John Quinn in 1911 (est. £30,00050,000 / 33,80056,500).
This self-portrait became somewhat of an obsession for the artist. Though work on the picture began in 1911, it would occupy Yeats for the rest of his life, until his death in 1922. It fills my life. I have never an idle moment or idle thought. It is a long revel, just as satisfying to me as Gibbons Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, and I think I have been at it almost as many years. John Butler Yeats
Works by Jack Butler Yeats
The Runaway Horse is the most valuable of the 35 artworks by Jack Yeats in the sale (est. £150,000250,000 / 169,000281,000). Painted in 1954, and one of his final works, the painting depicts a golden-haired child playing. Towards the end of his career, the theme of memory in his work became more enhanced here the intoxicating impact of a youthful memory is conveyed not only though the artists choice of subject but also in the exuberant way in which he paints it.
The Sunset Belongs to You (1951), showing a dramatic encounter between two anonymous figures, embodies a key theme in Yeatss later work (est. £100,000150,000 / 113,000169,000). Transient meetings between travellers on the road fulfil an existential idea explored in the artists own novels and plays, and most notably in the plays of his friend, Samuel Beckett. The theatrical poses of the figures, with their bodies silhouetted against an expanse of sky, together with a dynamic application of paint, are evident of Yeatss keen understanding of drama.
The extraordinary range of material in the sale produced by Jack encompasses original sets of broadside drawings, printed by Lolly and Lilys Cuala Press, led by a group of four ink drawings (est. £15,00020,000 / 16,90022,500); his childhood sketchbook, aged 12, comprising numerous delightful drawings in pencil and pastel (est. £10,00015,000 / 11,30016,900); three of the artists scribbling diaries for the years 1888 and 1889, when he was a teenager during his second year in London, containing entries of great colour and detail recoding Jacks new London life (each £8,00012,000 / 9,00013,500); a collection of early sketches and illustrations dating largely from the time when he was beginning to make a career for himself as a contributor to various publications (est. £7,00010,000 / 7,90011,300).