LOS ANGELES, CA.- The Los Angeles County Museum of Art
presents Sarah Charlesworth: Doubleworld, the artists first full-scale museum exhibition in Los Angeles. Sarah Charlesworth (19472013) was a highly influential artist whose work examined the role that photographic images play in contemporary culture. Charlesworth aligned closely with a group of artists in the 1980s known as the Pictures Generation, which included Jack Goldstein, Sherrie Levine, Richard Prince, and Laurie Simmons, among others. First identified by curator Douglas Crimp in his 1977 exhibition Pictures, at Artists Space in New York, these artists were concerned with how contemporary life is mediated and governed by pictures, specifically experienced through newspapers and magazines, on television, and in film. Over her 40-year career, Charlesworth explored representation and symbolism, first through re-photographing and collaging found images, and later through creating stylized arrangements for the camera.
Sarah Charlesworth: Doubleworld features photographs from 10 bodies of work approximately 70 photographs in totalmade between 1977 and 2012, including her earliest works (Modern History series) and her final photographs (Available Light series), with important examples in between, including her 1980s series, Objects of Desire. Invested with a rare precision and dedication, Charlesworth produced a body of work that continues to inspire contemporary artists and viewers who are surrounded by an increasingly image-saturated culture.
The Los Angeles presentation of Sarah Charlesworth: Doubleworld is curated by Rebecca Morse, associate curator of the Wallis Annenberg Photography Department.
The exhibition was organized by the New Museum of Contemporary Art where it was on view from June 24 through September 20, 2015.
LACMA is honored to present the first Los Angeles exhibition of this influential artist, said Michael Govan, LACMA CEO and Wallis Annenberg Director. As an important member of the Pictures Generation, Sarah Charlesworth explored and questioned contemporary life through visual imagery, and her approach is particularly relevant in understanding our current image-oriented culture.
As the visual landscape has shifted and image-based social media platforms rely on photographs to behave as a primary languageoften in place of written and spoken methods of communicationCharlesworths work is extremely pertinent in decoding the roles that images play as forms of representation, as icons, and as symbols, said Rebecca Morse, exhibition curator.
The first gallery pairs one of Charlesworths earliest works, Tabula Rasa (1981) with her series 0+1 (2000). Charlesworths early interest in examining originality is evident in her silkscreen prints in Tabula Rasa, in which she rephotographed an 1826 imageof a table set outdoors for a simple mealby French photographer Nicéphore Niépce, acknowledged as the inventor of photography and an early pioneer of the medium. The original version of the image had long been missing, so Charlesworth photographed a paper copy, creating an extended thesis on individuality and creativitytwo ideas at the heart of her early rephotographic work. The works in the 0+1 series test the threshold of visual perception. White sculptural objectsa Buddha, a monkey, and a lattice screenare set against a white background, and the scene is flooded with bright light so that only the finest edge reveals the form. Charlesworth was continuously interested in emptying out the picture plane, challenging our expectations of photographic representation. Rather than seeing sharp, distinct objects, viewers are presented with quiet and subtle images that demand focused attention.
Also in the first gallery is the Neverland series (2002). For this series, Charlesworth photographed objects, either alone or in groups, on fields of color. In many instances, as in Tree and Nike, the object and its background are the same color, creating an uncanny visual effectthey seem inextricably linked, as if one originated from the other. In other works from the same series, such as Pipe the background color is lighter than the object, which creates an isolated, floating image. In Neverland, Charlesworth demonstrates how to create a symbol by isolating an object from its context. She thought of the series as a mental landscape and mused on how a viewer might travel through the installation of photographs thinking, Oh, its the icon of a tree, its the essence of tree, its the symbol of tree, its the symbol of nature.
(1988/2008), features an installation of 40 framed images of the human figure. Drawing from found imagesmostly iconic statuary ranging from ancient to contemporarythese figures are shown gesturing, marching, dancing, and fighting. Installed from floor to ceiling, they represent a cosmology of the human form. The work was conceived of in 1988 but not realized until 2008 when it was displayed at a gallery show in New York. Many of the figures in this work echo iconography from her earlier series, such as the Buddha from Objects of Desire (198389) and 0+1(2000), as well as the figure of Shiva, which resurfaces again in Charlesworths last series, Available Light (2012). The recurrence of these symbols underscores Charlesworths overarching engagement with the ways in which images reinforce power structures tied to gender, politics, and spirituality, as indexed in this installation.
Objects of Desire is Charlesworths longest running series (made from 1983 to 1989) and is the one for which she is best known. In this body of work, she made collages of found photographs (images of fetish objects, figures, statues, vessels, and architectural fragments clipped from fashion magazines, pornography, and archaeology textbooks) and rephotographed them against bright backgrounds of red, blue, green, yellow, and black. Here she explores representation and the way desire is communicated in mass media and popular culture through shape and color. In works such as Figures, she cut the clothing off the model to isolate the shape of the garment, a marker to express that persons role in society. Also, by separating images from their original context, the objects portrayed in the photographs reveal how images could be precoded in our consciousness and influence individual attitudes toward material desire, sexuality, and power. For example, in Red Mask, what appears to be the delicate and alluring face of a Japanese geisha is actually the male actor Bando Tamasaburo V, who worked in the onnagata Kabuki theater tradition in which men portray women. This work reveals that the association a viewer summons to interpret an image may supersede the reality of what is depicted.
Renaissance Paintings (1991), in the third gallery, features individual figures and objects from disparate Renaissance paintings that were isolated and rephotographed against monochrome backgrounds. Charlesworth looked specifically at the emotional thrust of the figures gestures and placed them in spatial relationships to evoke new meanings. This series is not about Renaissance paintings themselves, said Charlesworth, but rather an acknowledgment that we live in a world where Renaissance paintings exist. The works in this series were inspired by the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, emphasizing representations of father, mother, and child. The religious iconography found in Renaissance paintings provides ample imagery and opportunity for probing familial relationships. Combining conceptual precision with spiritual and emotional intensity, this series allows for the reinterpretation of iconic paintings as open-ended narratives that evoke feelings of longing, loss, madness, and fear.
The series Doubleworld (1995), from which the title of the show takes its name, is also in this gallery. In 1992, Charlesworth transitioned from collaging and rephotographing found images to creating stylized arrangements for the camera. In this series, she assembled still lifes of antique cameras, stereoscopic viewers, and telescopesall optical instruments from the 19th century when photography was first invented. She simultaneously looked to the tradition of Dutch still life, which included fruits, flowers, and skulls and the dichotomy of abundance and decay. Still Life with Camera (1995) is arranged as a diptych with a mahogany frame dividing the composition. A box camera on the right is aimed at the group of objects on the left that includes a wine bottle, a leather-bound book, a pair of wire glasses, and a daguerreotype in an open case. A photograph of a photograph being taken accentuates Charlesworths interest in doubling and, like the other works in Doubleworld, remind the viewer that photography is a distinct optical universe in which a world of images is separate from the physical world.
The next gallery presents Stills (1980). For this series, Charlesworth compiled over 70 clippings of press photos that capture people falling or jumping off tall buildings. She then rephotographed these images and enlarged the photos (to over 6 feet tall), titling each with the name of the person and the location of the incident, if known. Here the images represent a fixed moment within a continuum, excluding whatever actions may have preceded and followed the snap of the cameras shutter. The incomplete narratives leave viewers to ponder the circumstances surrounding the images and consider possible motivationswhether a desperate act of suicide or an attempt to escape from danger. The uncertainty of these images reveals the fundamental ambiguity of photographic reproduction. Charlesworth was among the first artists to embrace printing at this size, immersing the viewer in the image and breaking away from the tradition of the precious 8 × 10 black-and-white silver gelatin print convention of fine art photography.
Available Light (2012) is on view in the last gallery and is Charlesworths final series. The body of work incorporates many of her techniques utilized over the course of her career. Relying solely on the available daylight from her studio window, Charlesworth photographed glass spheres, prisms, metal objects, and other reflective materials to produce luminous images with a subtle palette of whites, silvers, and blues. By placing a sheet of vellum over the window, Charlesworth evenly diffused the light and controlled its direction using a series of reflectors. She adhered segments of blue paper to the window to produce bands of blue light. In Studio Wall (2012), Charlesworths working process is on display; clippings of found images alongside printed photographs from the series have been pinned to the wall for further consideration, and a faint shadow of white cardboard as well as the tools used for cutting and pasting are visible, too. Charlesworth emphasizes that all images are constructed and even the spontaneous photograph is composed by the artists hand, framing choices, and available light.
The exhibition concludes with Charlesworths first series Modern History (1979), in which she has rephotographed the front page of the newspaper with the text redacted. Here all communication is through the images and the comparison lies between the styles, needs, and requirements of the cities from which each of these newspapers is published. For this series, Charlesworth worked with found newspapers using a systematic method of removing text, which she called unwriting, to produce works that explore the power of images in mass media. She focused on key news events and collected the front pages of newspapers from around the world to trace their coverage. By redacting the text but keeping the masthead, date, and photographs, a separate narrative emerged through size, placement, and angle. Installed serially, these works remind the viewer that news is shaped by its presentation and certain news stories are privileged as a result of economic, cultural, and political influences. For example, The Arc of Total Eclipse February 26, 1979 (1979) follows the northward path of an eclipse via its documentation on the front pages of local newspapers across the Pacific Northwest and into Canada. Charlesworth presents the photographs in geographical orderforming an arc that mimics the trajectory of the celestial occurrenceto show how the coverage of the eclipse varied according to a newspapers location. Charlesworth was specifically interested in the eclipse phenomenon; her photographs highlight an absence of light produced through a rarefied alignment of celestial bodies.