The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Sunday, August 18, 2019

MoMA tracks the evolution of Jackson Pollock's work from the 1930s until his 1956 death
Installation view of Jackson Pollock: A Collection Survey, 1934–1954 at The Museum of Modern Art, New York (November 22, 2015–March 13, 2016). Photo by Thomas Griesel. © 2015 The Museum of Modern Art, New York.

NEW YORK, NY.- This concentrated survey of the work of Jackson Pollock (American, 1912–1956) tracks the evolution of the artist’s work from the 1930s until his 1956 death at the age of 44. The Museum of Modern Art’s Pollock holdings are unparalleled in their breadth and quality, and Jackson Pollock: A Collection Survey, 1934–1954 is drawn entirely from the collection, featuring approximately 50 works representing every phase of the artist’s career and the wide range of materials and techniques that he employed.

Over the course of two decades, Pollock’s work progressed from mythical, primal figures and scenes; to imagery that combines elements of representation and abstraction; to the radical “drip” paintings that mark the climax of his career. With these culminating works, which envelop the viewer through their monumental scale and allover markings, Pollock emerged at the forefront of the post-World War II movement known as Abstract Expressionism. His innovations helped make this the first American art movement to wield international influence. They had an explosive effect on the traditions of painting and opened up new avenues for sculpture and performance art as well.

In addition to One: Number 31, 1950 (1950)—arguably Pollock’s greatest masterpiece and one of his largest canvases—the exhibition also features drawings and exceedingly rare and little-known engravings, lithographs, and screenprints, highlighting an underappreciated side of one of the most important and influential American artists of the 20th century. Bringing these works together underscores the relentless search for new expressive means and the emphasis on experimentation and process that were at the heart of Pollock’s creativity.

Early Work, 1934–43
In 1930, at the age of eighteen, Jackson Pollock moved from Los Angeles to New York, where he began studying with Regionalist painter Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League. Although he eventually reacted against Benton’s Social Realist style, the rhythmic arabesques that Pollock often used to structure his compositions owe a debt, in part, to Benton’s influence.

Between 1934 and 1943, as Pollock sought to forge his own artistic identity, he studied and assimilated the work of many other artists, from the muscular, serpentine figuration of the Old Masters El Greco and Peter Paul Rubens to the fiery, socially conscious expressionism of the Mexican muralists José Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros. Viewing a large Pablo Picasso exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art in 1939 was a watershed event for Pollock, and he adopted many of Picasso’s motifs and formal devices. That same year, Pollock entered Jungian psychoanalysis to treat his alcoholism and depression. Pollock’s interest in Carl Jung’s theories about the collective unconscious as the preserve of universal myths and archetypes, together with his growing awareness of European Surrealist ideas about the power of the unconscious, encouraged the artist in his efforts to harness and project hidden thoughts and feelings through his work.

Transitional Work, 1944–47
The years from 1944 to 1947 were transitional for Pollock, as he consolidated the influences he had assimilated in his early career and entered into a period of greater confidence. In 1943, Peggy Guggenheim had given him a one-year contract and his first solo exhibition, at her New York gallery, Art of This Century, and he had started to receive some favorable attention. His relationship with painter Lee Krasner, begun in 1942, also marked a turning point, as she provided crucial support, both personal and professional. Krasner and Pollock married in 1945 and moved to a farmhouse in East Hampton, New York, away from what he later called “the wear and tear” of New York City. He started veiling the figures in his works with dense, labyrinthine networks of lines, such that his images hovered between representation and abstraction. In 1946, on the precipice of a major breakthrough, he made his first canvases that consisted solely of dripped and poured paint.

Mature Work, 1948–54
In 1947, Pollock began laying canvas on the floor of his barn studio and then pouring, dribbling, and flicking enamel paint onto the surface using sticks and stiffened brushes, or from holes punctured directly in the can. He worked on the canvases from all sides, creating rhythmic, interlacing lines of paint, punctuated by splatters and puddles. Although the finished works can look haphazard, and accident did play a part, Pollock’s process was informed by the skill and control he had gained over the previous two decades of his career.

Pollock’s groundbreaking “drip” paintings and drawings were shown at the Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, in 1948, 1949, and 1950. While the works confounded many viewers, several critics recognized an innovative force in their allover compositions that seemed to engulf the viewer in a vast environment of intense energy. Pollock’s renown quickly grew to mythic proportions in the 1950s, and he became an international symbol of the new postwar American painting. Due in part to the pressures of this fame, Pollock became critically depressed and drank heavily. After 1952, he sought to move beyond the “drip” and returned to brushing oil on canvas. But, tormented by an artistic block, he made only ten paintings between 1953 and 1956, the last year of his life.

Organized by Starr Figura, Curator, with Hillary Reder, Curatorial Assistant, Department of Drawings and Prints.

Today's News

November 23, 2015

MoMA tracks the evolution of Jackson Pollock's work from the 1930s until his 1956 death

Exhibition at Virginia Museum of Fine Arts explores Auguste Rodin's studio and process

Hamburger Bahnhof – Museum für Gegenwart opens "Neue Galerie", a new exhibition space

Guggenheim Museum examines new developments in contemporary photography

Historic jewels, exceptional stones & iconic designs: Discover Sotheby's Magnificent Jewels Auction

Turner Prize-winning artist Susan Philipsz creates sound installation on war damaged instruments at Tate

Exhibition at Rubin Museum of Art showcases Steve McCurry’s photographs of India

Unpublished and rarely-seen works by Carolee Schneemann on view in new exhibition in Salzburg

Exhibition of new works by Korean artist Lee Ufan opens at Pace Gallery Hong Kong

"Building Modern Bodies: The Art of Bodybuilding" opens at Kunsthalle Zurich

Draftsmen’s Congress: Work initiated by artist Pawel Althamer at MATE – Museo Mario Testino

Waverly's unveils first-edition books by Lewis Carroll and F. Scott Fitzgerald, and rare NASA photos

Exhibition of new and recent paintings by Donald Baechler on view at Sargent's Daughters

Galeria Fortes Vilaça presents the short film Cutaways by Polish artist Agnieszka Kurant

New exhibitions at Long Beach Museum of Art feature the works of contemporary Southern California artists

Exhibition of new photographs by the British artist Peter Newman opens at CNB Gallery

Here Be Lions: Exhibition of works by Isabel Miquel Arques on view at Ingrid Deuss Gallery

Exhibition of works by Nico Krijno on view at the Ravestijn Gallery

Bonhams returns to Monaco with ex-Stirling Moss Jaguar C-Type

Things we didn't have before each object, like its owner, has a story to tell

Xavier Veilhan’s new solo exhibition on view at Andréhn-Schiptjenko

Selection of paintings from Nicole Etienne’s most renowned body of works on view at Mead Carney

Exhibition of new work by Aaron Curry on view at David Kordansky Gallery

Exhibition of works by Botond Keresztesi on view at Horizont Gallery

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Conservation reveals Wellington Collection work was painted by Titian's Workshop

2.- New dinosaur discovered after lying misidentified in university's vaults for over 30 years

3.- Unseen Texas Chainsaw Massacre outtakes and stills sold for a combined $26,880

4.- National gallery reveals conserved Italian altarpiece by Giovanni Martini da Udine

5.- London's Tate Modern evacuated after child falls, teen arrested

6.- Bavarian State Minister of the Arts restitutes nine works of art

7.- Boy thrown from London's Tate Modern is French tourist visiting UK

8.- Child thrown from London gallery has broken spine, legs and arm

9.- £10 million Turner masterpiece may leave British shores

10.- Tourists banned from sitting on Rome's Spanish Steps

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful