According to religious tradition, there are seven deadly sins, a theme that the Fairfield Westchester Museum Alliance, of which the Neuberger Museum of Art
is a member, has chosen for its current collaborative project. Each participating museum has adopted one of the sins (wrath, greed, sloth, pride, lust, envy, and gluttony) to address in their exhibition; the Neubergers is greed. Accordingly, the Museum presents the exhibition GOLD, exploring the many ideas with which gold, the most desirable of materials, is associated.
GOLD is organized for the Neuberger Museum of Art by the Bass Museum of Art, Miami Beach, Florida, and curated by Bass Curator of Exhibitions José Carlos Diaz.
GOLD features work by 22 well-known contemporary artists working in the United States and abroad. Each of these artists has used gold physically or conceptually in their practice to reinforce or challenge notions of transformation, beauty, spirituality, and values, both economic and moral: Olga de Amaral, Eric Baudart, Carlos Betancourt, Chris Burden, James Lee Byars, Elmgreen and Dragset, Dario Escobar, Sylvie Fleury, Patricia M. Hernandez, Jim Hodges, Glenn Kaino, Sherrie Levine, Kris Martin, Fernando Mastrangelo, Yucef Merhi, John Miller, Martin Oppel, Ebony G. Patterson, Todd Pavlisko, Robin Rhode, Cristina Lei Rodriguez and Rudolf Stingel.
Several artists overturn expectations of gold by using it to transform and elevate everyday objects, such as Sylvie Fleurys gold-plated trash can, or John Millers assemblages of miscellaneous junk enriched through the use of gold leaf. Eric Baudarts Concave features peeling street posters that have been spray-painted, obliterating the man-made content they originally conveyed.
By contrast, Chris Burdens Gold Bullets juxtaposes golds visual beauty with the unsettling form into which it has been cast, referencing the relationship between capital and violence as well as the artists famous 1971 performance Shoot. The visual seduction of Ebony G. Pattersons heavily embellished jacquard tapestry is undercut by the scenes that she depicts images of working-class Jamaicans, who have suffered violent deaths. Robin Rhodes gilded shovel, which stands in a pile of coal dust, references South Africas Witwatersrand Basin, the origin of half the worlds excavated gold and infamous for its mining practices.
Some artists explore the ritualistic use of gold to imbue objects with spiritual and eternal significance. James Lee Byars utilizes gold in pursuit of his idea of sacred beauty and perfection by including a tiny golden sphere in his Self-Portrait and using metallic fabric in The Golden Divan for one of gold.
Several works in the exhibition reference Pre-Columbian art and allude to the European conquest of the Americas. Carlos Betancourt photographs objects belonging to friends and family which he re-contextualizes in symmetrical golden totems, reflecting his trans-Caribbean identity and Taíno culture. Olga de Amarals glistening tapestry was made using traditional weaving methods, emblematic of Pre-Columbian artifacts. Fernando Mastrangelos Medallion references Pre-Columbian deity offerings. In this case, gifts like precious stones are replaced with gold dragées and crystallized sugar, modern-day exports through which the artist draws attention to the power of the commodities trade.
Among the highlights of the exhibition is a gold painting by Rudolf Stingel in which anonymous inscriptions are transformed alchemically into an artwork, expanding the vocabulary of painting and demystifying both the idea and process of making art. Elmgreen and Dragsets Rosa, a gilded sculpture woman dressed in a black and white maids uniform, standing at attention with her arms behind her back.