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POPOP: Pop and Op Art, Andy Warhol, peers on display at Indiana State University Art Gallery
Andy Warhol (American, 1928-1987), “Sitting Bull” and “Annie Oakley,” 1986 from the portfolio “Cowboys and Indians” Silkscreen on Lenox Museum Board, 36 x 36 inches, Printer: Rupert Jasen Smith, New York Publisher: Gaultney, Klineman Art, Inc., New York, Gift of the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, 2013 and 2014.
TERRE HAUTE, IN.- Recently acquired prints by Andy Warhol and works by other internationally renowned artists will be on display at Indiana State University, Aug. 18-Sept. 19.

The exhibition “POPOP: Pop and Op Art” consists of 53 works in a variety of mediums — screenprints, lithographs, paintings, ceramic sculptures, and multiples — dating from 1965 to 2011. Among the highlights of the exhibition are two paintings by Ed Paschke from his shoe and accordion series, two large screenprints from Andy Warhol’s “Cowboys and Indians” portfolio, Claes Oldenburg’s 1965 “London Knees” portfolio, two large ceramic sandwiches by Dick Hay and Richard Anuszkiewicz’s “Inward Eye” portfolio.

“POPOP” includes artwork within the Pop and Op Art movements but also features works influenced by, or sharing traits of, these movements. Ed Paschke was associated with the Chicago Imagists but preferred the Pop Art label. William T. Wiley’s and Dick Hay’s works in the exhibit are closer to Funk Art, a movement described as “one step past Pop Art,” because it leans sharply toward the satiric. Josef Albers, with his color theory studies and his teachings about the elements of art in everyday objects, was an influence on both the Op and Pop Art movements.

Pop and Op Art both originated in 1950s Europe. Pop Art began around 1952 with London’s Independent Group, a gathering of artists that were fascinated with the rapidly growing consumer culture in the United States. In 1955, “Le Mouvement,” a group exhibition at Galerie Denise René in Paris, launched the Op Art movement. The exhibition included works by artists who created virtual movement in their two-dimensional work, as well as real movement in kinetic sculptures and film.

With the “Cowboys and Indians” screenprints, Warhol fuses his interest in celebrity, movies, portraits, stereotypes, myths and American Indian artifacts. The exhibition includes portraits of sharpshooter Annie Oakley and tribal chief Sitting Bull. Like Warhol’s Marilyn Monroe images, Sitting Bull and Annie Oakley are presented not so much as people, but as products and myths. These prints are among seven Warhol prints donated to Indiana State in 2013 and 2014 by the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts. Also on display from this recent gift are two flower screenprints created from Warhol’s drawings and a rubber stamp print titled Purple Cow.

“Green Boy” is one of eight portraits with accordions that Ed Paschke created between 1969 and 1971. These paintings are autobiographical in that many of his Polish relatives on the Northwest side of Chicago played the accordion and the concertina. He was known as Mr. Chicago because he remained a prominent resident of Chicago throughout his life, even though he would have gained greater critical attention in New York. A street in Chicago is named after him, and the Ed Paschke Art Center opened near Jefferson Park in June 2014.

In the mid-1960s, Claes Oldenburg undertook a series of drawings for fantastical civic monuments. An outgrowth of his heroically pro-portioned soft sculptures, the proposed colossal monuments took the form of objects that Oldenburg deemed uniquely emblematic of a particular city's mood or spirit. Influenced by the ever-present mini skirt in London at the time, he proposed “London Knees” for the Victoria Embankment.

Dick Hay describes his early Funk Art sandwiches as “one-liner jokes.” Women’s Club Sandwich and A&W Foot Long are considerable sculptures at 40 to 75 lbs and more than two feet high and long. Everything about the sleek and impervious ceramic sculptures contradicts the characteristics of edible sandwiches.

The subject of Richard Anuszkiewicz’s “Inward Eye” portfolio of nine screenprints is color. Optical illusion functions to structure the interaction of colors, and light is a remarkably complex phenomenon that is as emotional as it is scientific.

Among other prominent American and British artists represented in the exhibition are: Robert Rauschenberg, Jim Dine, Indiana State alumnus Lenny Dowhie, Robert Indiana, Jeff Koons, Roy Lichtenstein, Eduardo Paolozzi, Bridget Riley, Larry Rivers, James Rosenquist and Victor Vasarely.





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