Louis Kahn (1901-1974) was a visionary architect, an expert manipulator of form and light, a creator of uniquely dramatic buildings, and a highly complex individual.
This new exhibition at the Design Museum
explores Kahns work and legacy through architectural models, original drawings, travel sketches, photographs and films; bringing to life his singular career and diverse output.
Described in his New York Times obituary as having been one of Americas foremost living architects, Kahn nonetheless realised few buildings in his lifetime and died practically bankrupt. Despite this, he was hugely influential a fact affirmed by interviews with Frank Gehry, Renzo Piano, Peter Zumthor and Sou Fujimoto which feature in the exhibition. Now, Kahns reputation is being redefined, as his search for an architecture that grows out of a sense of place seems more important than ever.
Kahn himself drew on a wide range of sources, from ancient ruins to the work of Le Corbusier. He used innovations in construction techniques to design modern buildings that also project an elemental, primitive power. He was a perfectionist and an artist, who also believed that architects have an important social responsibility.
Louis Kahn: The Power of Architecture examines Kahn through six broad themes: City looking at his relationship with his adopted home of Philadelphia; Science demonstrating his use of engineering and geometric structures; Landscape showing the importance of nature within his work; House taking in Kahns residential commissions; Eternal Present placing him in the context of architectural history; and Community examining his devotion to public buildings.
All of Kahns important projects are extensively documented, from his early urban planning concepts and single-family houses to late works such as the Roosevelt Memorial (1973-74), which was posthumously completed in October 2012.
Kahns greatest masterpieces all take the form of inspiring institutions: The Salk Institute in La Jolla, California, designed to be a facility worthy of a visit by Picasso; the Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth, Texas a showcase for Kahns extraordinary ability to work with light; and the National Assembly Building in Dhaka, Bangladesh testament to the incredible impact of his monumental style. Each project is fully represented in this timely exhibition, which seeks to bring one of the twentieth centurys greatest master builders to a new audience.