LONDON.- The Courtauld Gallery
houses one of the most significant collections of works on paper in Britain, with approximately 7,000 drawings and watercolours and 20,000 prints ranging from the Renaissance to the 20th century. The second Summer Showcase provides visitors with an introduction to the largest but least known part of the Gallerys outstanding collection its holding of prints. This selection of some thirty particularly remarkable and intriguing examples spans more than 500 years and encompasses a variety of printmaking techniques.
The display opens with Andrea Mantegnas ambitious engraving of The Flagellation of Christ (around 1465-70), in which the Italian Renaissance artist powerfully reinvents this often depicted Passion scene. By contrast, the grand scale of a ten-part engraving after Michelangelos celebrated Last Judgment by French printmaker Nicolas Béatrizet exemplifies the ability of a print to reproduce a monumental work of art in spectacular fashion. Subjects of Christian iconography dominate 15th and 16th century printmaking but from early on were complemented by secular topics, with printmakers catering for a demand amongst collectors for new imagery. A superb example is Pieter Bruegel the Elders Rabbit Hunt (1560), the only print executed by the artist himself and one of a group of master prints bequeathed to the collection by Count Antoine Seilern in 1978. Bruegel chose the etching technique: its relative freedom and ease is more closely comparable to drawing, allowing him to render the scene with remarkable naturalism.
The possibilities of printmaking greatly expanded in subsequent centuries. Prints could record historical events such as battles or pageants, as in the exquisite etchings of Jacques Callot and Stefano della Bella. Canalettos views of 18th century Venice play wilful games with the citys geography and are shown alongside the striking architectural inventions of his contemporary Piranesi. The 19th century in France saw avant-garde artists embracing printmaking, with Edouard Manets homage to Old Masters, Paul Gauguins revival of the woodcut and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrecs brilliant adoption of the newer technique of lithography for his evocative depictions of Parisian entertainment such as his dynamic Jockey from Samuel Courtaulds collection.
In the 20th century Pablo Picassos and Henri Matisses tireless experimentation helped ensure the vitality of printmaking in the art of their time. The display concludes with prints by Lucian Freud, now widely acknowledged as a modern master of the medium, and with more recent work by Chris Ofili whose prints, both figurative and abstract, have continued to reinvent printmaking in the 21st century.
The Courtaulds prints collection is largely the result of a series of remarkable individual gifts. They include the prints presented by Samuel Courtauld alongside his collection of French Impressionist paintings and drawings, and Count Antoine Seilerns Princes Gate bequest which brought many of the most famous individual sheets into the collection. By far the largest portion of the collection came from Sir Robert Witt, who established the Witt Library as an image bank for art historians. While the majority of the Witt prints reproduce works of art in other media, his collection also included artists prints of outstanding quality, including unique impressions of proof states by the 16th century artists Jacques Bellange and Johannes Stradanus.