LONDON.- Art Detective
is a ground-breaking initiative that connects public collections in search of information about their oil paintings with specialists and members of the public with relevant knowledge. Whether it is to discover the name of a beautiful 1930s society hostess or the artist behind a Dutch seventeenth- century still life, Art Detective will help collections put names to unidentified sitters, places and events depicted in their paintings and the unknown artists behind works.
Art Detective addresses the serious issue of insufficient and declining specialist knowledge within public art collections. It is available to all 3,000 or so collections that participate in Your Paintings, the website created by the PCF in partnership with the BBC. The vast majority of these participating collections many of which are not museums do not have fine art curators, whilst many have lost experienced curators through funding cuts over the years.
There are approaching 30,000 paintings on the Your Paintings website where the artist is not known and over 15,000 works where the attributions are uncertain. Some 8,000 portraits are missing the identities of the sitters and thousands of other paintings are missing information about the places or events depicted. Ahead of the launch of Art Detective a small number of paintings on Your Paintings have already been firmly re-attributed, notably one to Van Dyck at the Bowes Museum and one to Gainsborough at the Museum of St Albans. The launch of Art Detective promises more discoveries both major and minor.
Art Detective has been built by the PCF using the support of public funding through the Arts Councils Renaissance Strategic Support fund. It has been developed in collaboration with the University of Glasgow, together with representatives of Manchester Art Gallery, the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery, Tate, Yale Center for British Art and a number of smaller institutions, the art trade and academia. An Expert Panel comprising Professor David Ekserdjian (Chairman), Alastair Laing, Professor Nigel Llewellyn and Dr Jill Lloyd oversees the appointment of the specialists who lead Art Detectives special interest group online discussions. The website design and build was carried out by Keepthinking.
The principal outcome of Art Detective will be improved knowledge of the nation's oil painting collection. Art Detective will also actively engage the public in the care and curatorship of public collections, and allow them to witness and participate in the processes of art historical research, connoisseurship and knowledge creation that lie behind the displays and exhibitions in our public museums and galleries.
Nicholas Penny, Director of the National Gallery, says Art Detective should provide a central exchange and a podium where expertise can be shared, problems can be aired, and discoveries can be publicised.
How Art Detective Works
Art Detective comprises a free-to-use digital network built on top of the PCF's existing art object database and linked to the Your Paintings website; editors based at the PCF; academic support from History of Art staff at the University of Glasgow; an Expert Panel; a small team of Group Leaders; and volunteer contributors of specialist knowledge. Contributors include informed members of the public, academics, the art trade, museum curators, retired practitioners, artists and their estates.
Questions from collections or suggestions from members of the public are entered into Art Detective from the painting pages on Your Paintings. Anyone can follow Discussions broad public involvement and contributions are sought. The Art Detective editors at the PCF filter out suggestions and questions that can be addressed without the need for public involvement. Those that the collection cannot answer become public Discussions and are attached to 'Groups' with a specialist interest such as portraits or military subjects. We are starting with 12 Groups but this number will grow over time. Each Group has a 'Leader' appointed by the Expert Panel. These Leaders have an established reputation in their field and are responsible for monitoring Discussions and leading them to a conclusion. Firm or qualified conclusions are then sent by the PCF to the respective collection that owns the painting. The collection has the final say on whether to accept the recommendation.