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Natural History Museum in London: Tiny 'living fossil' found in New Zealand waters
This undated handout picture released by the Natural History Museum in London shows a scanning electron microscope photo of the openings of the ‘living fossil’ (Protulophila) in a worm tube. A microscopic marine creature believed to have been extinct for four million years has been found alive and well in New Zealand waters, researchers said on May 29, 2014. AFP PHOTO / PAUL TAYLOR / NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM.
WELLINGTON (AFP).- A microscopic marine creature believed to have been extinct for four million years has been found alive and well in New Zealand waters, researchers said Thursday.

The animal, a tentacled polyp called protulophila, forms colonies inside sea worms and first appeared in the fossil record about 170 million years ago in Europe and the Middle East, government marine agency NIWA said.

The last trace of it was in rocks that were four million years old, until scientists found the organism in samples from New Zealand, half a world away from its regular habitat, which were formed just one million years ago.

That sent researchers scrambling to check more recent samples and sure enough the polyp turned up in sea worms collected by NIWA in 2008 near Picton, on New Zealand's South Island.

NIWA marine biologist Dennis Gordon said scientific "detective work" involving researchers from NIWA, Britain's Natural History Museum and the University of Oslo was responsible for the discovery.

"Finding living protulophila is a rare example of how knowledge of fossils has led to the discovery of living biodiversity. It's very exciting," he said.

He added that the next stage of research into the creature, which is related to corals and sea anemones, was to find fresh samples for gene sequencing.

© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse

Today's News

May 30, 2014

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